This historical dictionary offers an introduction to European politics and weaponry, as well as to the impact of Islam on culture and society in the medieval period.
During the late eleventh through the early fourteenth centuries, at least seven major expeditions were made between Western Europe and the Holy Land with the goal of ending Muslim control of Jerusalem. Ultimately the crusaders were driven out, but not before a cultural exchange had taken place that had an immense impact on Western Europe and an equally enormous, albeit less positive, impact on Arabs and the Islamic world. Although the crusades occurred many centuries ago, echoes still resound through the current clashes of nations and ideologies, kidnappings for ransom, assassinations, and the declaring of "jihad"-all making the crusades an eminently timely subject. This one-volume overview therefore provides an accessible reference work for scholars, students, and general readers on the period with numerous entries on key persons, places, events, battles and sieges, use of weapons and armor, and the deeper issues of the political and cultural background. Complete with maps, a detailed chronology, and an extensive bibliography, this work allows readers to learn how Europe was changed forever by these battles with Islam.
Chapter 1 Editor's Foreword Chapter 2 Preface Chapter 3 Acknowledgments Chapter 4 Maps Chapter 5 Chronology Chapter 6 Introduction Chapter 7 THE DICTIONARY Chapter 8 Bibliography Chapter 9 About the Author