World History with Infotrac : To 1800 〈1〉 (4TH)

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World History with Infotrac : To 1800 〈1〉 (4TH)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 576 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780534603649
  • DDC分類 900

Table of Contents

CHRONOLOGIES                                       xxi
MAPS xxii
PREFACE xxiv
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xxviii
A NOTE TO STUDENTS ABOUT LANGUAGES AND THE xxx
DATING OF TIME
THEMES FOR UNDERSTANDING WORLD HISTORY xxii
THE FIRST CIVILIZATIONS AND THE RISE OF EMPIRES
(PREHISTORY TO 500 C.E.)
Chapter 1 First Civilizations: The Peoples 2 (34)
of Western Asia and Egypt
The First Humans 3 (4)
The Hunter-Gatherers of the Paleolithic 3 (2)
Age
The Neolithic Revolution, c. 5 (2)
10,000-4,000 B.C.E.
The Emergence of Civilization 7 (2)
Civilization in Mesopotamia 9 (6)
The City-States of Ancient Mesopotamia 9 (2)
Empires in Ancient Mesopotamia 11 (1)
The Culture of Mesopotamia 12 (3)
Egyptian Civilization: "The Gift of the 15 (7)
Nile"
The Importance of Geography 15 (1)
The Old and Middle Kingdoms 16 (2)
Society and Economy in Ancient Egypt 18 (1)
The Culture of Egypt 18 (2)
Chaos and a New Order: The New Kingdom 20 (1)
Daily Life in Ancient Egypt: Family and 21 (1)
Marriage
New Centers of Civilization 22 (6)
The Impact of the Indo-Europeans 23 (1)
The Phoenicians 24 (1)
The Hebrews: The "Children of Israel" 24 (4)
The Rise of New Empires 28 (5)
The Assyrian Empire 28 (3)
The Persian Empire 31 (2)
Conclusion 33 (1)
Chapter Notes 34 (1)
Suggested Reading 34 (2)
Chapter 2 Ancient India 36 (24)
Background to the Emergence of 37 (1)
Civilization in India
Harappan Civilizations: A Fascinating 38 (2)
Enigma
Political and Social Structures 38 (1)
Harappan Culture 39 (1)
A Lost Civilization? 40 (1)
The Arrival of the Aryans 40 (7)
The Early Aryans 40 (1)
The Mauryan Empire 41 (1)
Caste and Class: Social Structures in 42 (3)
Ancient India
The Economy 45 (2)
Escaping the Wheel of Life: The Religious 47 (5)
World of Ancient India
Hinduism 47 (2)
Buddhism: The Middle Path 49 (3)
The Rule of the Fishes: India After the 52 (1)
Mauryas
The Exuberant World of Indian Culture 53 (4)
Literature 53 (1)
Architecture and Sculpture 54 (2)
Science 56 (1)
Conclusion 57 (1)
Chapter Notes 58 (1)
Suggested Reading 59 (1)
Chapter 3 China in Antiquity 60 (30)
The Land and People of China 61 (2)
The Dawn of Chinese Civilization: The 63 (2)
Shang Dynasty
Political Organization 63 (1)
Social Structures 64 (1)
The Zhou Dynasty 65 (7)
Political Structures 65 (1)
Economy and Society 66 (1)
The Hundred Schools of Ancient 67 (5)
Philosophy
The Rise of the Chinese Empire: The Qin 72 (8)
and the Han
The Qin Dynasty (221-206 B.C.E.) 73 (3)
The Glorious Han Dynasty (202 76 (4)
B.C.E.-221 C.E.)
Daily Life in Ancient China 80 (3)
The Humble Estate: Women in Ancient 82 (1)
China
Chinese Culture 83 (4)
Metalwork and Sculpture 83 (2)
Language and Literature 85 (1)
Music 86 (1)
Conclusion 87 (1)
Chapter Notes 88 (1)
Suggested Reading 88 (2)
Chapter 4 The Civilization of the Greeks 90 (30)
Early Greece 91 (3)
Minoan Crete 92 (1)
The Mycenaeans 93 (1)
The Greeks in a Dark Age (c. 1100-c. 750 94 (2)
B.C.E.)
Homer 94 (2)
The Greek City-States (c. 750-c. 500 96 (3)
B.C.E.)
The Polis 96 (1)
Colonization and The Rise of Tyrants 96 (1)
Sparta 97 (2)
Athens 99 (1)
The High Point of Greek Civilization: 99 (10)
Classical Greece
The Challenge of Persia 100 (1)
The Growth of an Athenian Empire in the 101 (1)
Age of Pericles
The Great Peloponnesian War and the 102 (1)
Decline of the Greek States
The Culture of Classical Greece 102 (5)
Greek Religion 107 (1)
Daily Life in Classical Athens 107 (2)
The Rise of Macedonia and the Conquests 109 (3)
of Alexander
Alexander the Great 109 (1)
The Legacy of Alexander 110 (2)
The Hellenistic Kingdoms 112 (2)
Economic and Social Trends 112 (2)
Culture in the Hellenistic World 114 (3)
New Directions in Literature and Art 115 (1)
A Golden Age of Science 115 (1)
Philosophy: New Schools of Thought 116 (1)
Religion in the Hellenistic World 117 (1)
Conclusion 117 (1)
Chapter Notes 118 (1)
Suggested Reading 118 (2)
Chapter 5 The World of the Romans 120 (30)
The Emergence of Rome 121 (1)
Early Rome 122 (1)
The Roman Republic 122 (2)
The Roman Conquest of Italy 122 (2)
The Roman State 124 (1)
The Roman Conquest of the Mediterranean 124 (3)
(264-133 B.C.E.)
The Punic Wars 125 (1)
The Eastern Mediterranean 126 (1)
The Nature of Rornav Imperialism 127 (1)
The Decline and Fall of the Roman 127 (3)
Republic (133-31 B.C.E.)
Growing Inequality and Unrest 127 (1)
A New Role for the Roman Army 128 (1)
The Collapse of the Republic 128 (2)
The Age of Augustus (31 B.C.E.-14 CE.) 130 (1)
Augustarv Society 131 (1)
The Early Empire (14-180) 131 (3)
The Five Good Emperors (96-180) 132 (1)
The Roman Empire at Its Height: 132 (1)
Frontiers and the Provinces
Prosperity in the Early Empire 133 (1)
Culture and Society in the Roman World 134 (8)
Roman Literature 134 (2)
Roman Art 136 (1)
Roman Law 137 (1)
The Roman Family 137 (1)
Slaves and Their Masters 138 (1)
Imperial Rome 139 (2)
The Gladiatorial Shows 141 (1)
Transformation of the Roman World: The 142 (3)
Development of Christianity
The Religious World of the Romans 142 (1)
The Jewish background 142 (1)
The Rise of Christianity 142 (2)
The Triumph of Christianity 144 (1)
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire 145 (1)
The Reforms of Diocletian and 145 (1)
Constantine
The Fall of the Western Roman Empire 146 (1)
Comparison of the Roman and Han Empires 146 (2)
Conclusion 148 (1)
Chapter Notes 148 (1)
Suggested Reading 149 (1)
Reflection: The First Civilizations and the 150 (4)
Rise of Empires
Part II NEW PATTERNS OF CIVILIZATION 154 (196)
Chapter 6 The New World 156 (26)
The First Americans 157 (1)
Early Civilizations in Central America 158 (13)
Teotihuac疣: America's First Metropolis 158 (1)
The Mysterious Maya 159 (5)
The Aztecs 164 (7)
The First Civilizations in South America 171 (8)
Moche 171 (2)
The Inca 173 (3)
Stateless Societies in the New World 176 (3)
Conclusion 179 (1)
Chapter Note 180 (1)
Suggested Reading 180 (2)
Chapter 7 Islam and Byzantium 182 (28)
The Rise of Islam 183 (4)
The Role of Muhammad 184 (1)
The Teachings of Muhammad 184 (3)
The Arab Empire and Its Successors 187 (7)
Creation of an Empire 187 (1)
Succession Problems and the Rise of the 188 (1)
Ummayads
The Abbasids 189 (2)
The Seljuk Turks 191 (1)
The Crusades 192 (1)
The Mongols 193 (1)
Islamic Civilization 194 (7)
The Wealth of Araby: Trade and Cities 194 (1)
in the Middle Fast
Islamic Society 195 (1)
The Culture of Islam 195 (6)
The Byzantine Empire 201 (7)
The Reign of Justinian (527-565) 201 (3)
From Eastern Roman to Byzantine Empire 204 (1)
The Zenith of Byzantine Civilization 205 (2)
New Challenges to the Byzantine Empire 207 (1)
Impact of the Crusades 207 (1)
Conclusion 208 (1)
Chapter Notes 208 (1)
Suggested Reading 209 (1)
Chapter 8 Early Civilizations in Africa 210 (26)
The Land 211 (1)
The Emergence of Civilization 211 (7)
Kush 212 (1)
Axum, Son of Saba 213 (2)
The Sahara and Its Environs 215 (1)
East Africa 216 (1)
Southern Africa 217 (1)
The Coming of Islam 218 (7)
African Religious Beliefs Before Islam 218 (1)
The Arabs in North Africa 218 (1)
The Kingdom of Ethiopia: A Christian 219 (2)
Island in a Muslim Sea
East Africa: The Land of Zanj 221 (1)
The States of West Africa 222 (3)
States and Stateless Societies in 225 (2)
Southern Africa
Zimbabwe 226 (1)
African Society 227 (2)
Urban Life 227 (1)
Village Life 227 (1)
The Role of Women 227 (1)
Slavery 228 (1)
African Culture 229 (3)
Painting and Sculpture 229 (1)
Music 230 (1)
Architecture 230 (1)
Literature 231 (1)
Conclusion 232 (1)
Chapter Notes 233 (1)
Suggested Reading 233 (3)
Chapter 9 The Expansion of Civilization in 236 (26)
Southern Asia
India from the Mauryas to the Mughals 237 (15)
The Kushan Kingdom: Linchpin of the 237 (1)
Silk Road
The Gupta Dynasty 238 (1)
Buddhism at Bay 239 (3)
Islam on the March 242 (6)
Economy and Daily Life 248 (2)
The Wonder of Indian Culture 250 (2)
The Golden Region: Early Southeast Asia 252 (7)
Paddy Fields and Spices: The States of 253 (3)
Southeast Asia
Daily Life 256 (1)
World of the Spirits: Religious Belief 257 (2)
Conclusion 259 (1)
Chapter Notes 260 (1)
Suggested Reading 261 (1)
Chapter 10 From the Tang to the Mongols: 262 (28)
The Flowering of Traditional China
China After the Han 263 (2)
China Reunified: The Sui, the Tang, and 265 (10)
the Song
Political Structures: The Triumph of 268 (1)
Confucianism
Economy and Society 269 (6)
Explosion in Central Asia: The Mongol 275 (3)
Empire
Mongol Rule in China 276 (2)
In Search of the Way 278 (4)
The Rise and Decline of Buddhism and 278 (3)
Daoism
Neo-Confucianism: The Investigation of 281 (1)
Things
The Apogee of Chinese Culture 282 (5)
Literature 282 (3)
Art 285 (2)
Conclusion 287 (1)
Chapter Notes 288 (1)
Suggested Reading 288 (2)
Chapter 11 The East Asian Rimlands: Early 290 (24)
Japan, Korea, and Vietnam
Japan: Land of the Rising Sun 291 (15)
A Gift from the Gods: Prehistoric Japan 292 (1)
The Rise of the Japanese State 293 (4)
Economic and Social Structures 297 (4)
In Search of the Pure Land: Religion in 301 (1)
Early Japan
Sources of Traditional Japanese Culture 301 (4)
Japan and the Chinese Model 305 (1)
Korea: Bridge to the East 306 (2)
The Three Kingdoms 306 (1)
Unification 307 (1)
Under the Mongols 308 (1)
Vietnam: The Smaller Dragon 308 (4)
The Rise of Great Viet 309 (2)
Society and Family Life 311 (1)
Conclusion 312 (1)
Chapter Notes 312 (1)
Suggested Reading 313 (1)
Chapter 12 The Making of Europe in the 314 (32)
Middle Ages
Transformation of the Roman World 315 (5)
The New Germanic Kingdoms 315 (1)
The Role of the Christian Church 316 (2)
Charlemagne and the Carolingians 318 (2)
The World of Lords and Vassals 320 (3)
Invasions of the Ninth and Tenth 320 (1)
Centuries
The Development of Fief -Holding 320 (2)
The Practice of Fief -Holding 322 (1)
The Nobility of the Middle Ages 322 (1)
Evolution of the European Kingdoms 323 (4)
England in the High Middle Ages 323 (1)
Growth of the French Kingdom 324 (1)
The Lands of the Holy Roman Empire 325 (1)
The Slavic Peoples of Central and 325 (2)
Eastern Europe
The World of Peasants and Townspeople 327 (4)
The New Agriculture 328 (1)
The Manorial System 328 (1)
Daily Life of the Peasantry 329 (1)
The Revival of Trade 329 (1)
The Growth of Cities 330 (1)
Christianity and Medieval Civilization 331 (3)
The Papal Monarchy 332 (1)
New Religious Orders and New Spiritual 332 (2)
Ideals
The Culture of the High Middle Ages 334 (2)
The Rise of Universities 334 (1)
The Development of Scholasticism 334 (1)
Romanesque Architecture 335 (1)
The Gothic Cathedral 336 (1)
The Expansion of Medieval Europe: The 336 (2)
Crusades
The First Crusades 336 (2)
The Later Crusades 338 (1)
The Late Middle Ages: A Time of Troubles 338 (5)
in Europe
The Black Death 338 (2)
Economic Dislocation and Social Upheaval 340 (1)
Political Instability 340 (2)
The Decline of the Church 342 (1)
Conclusion 343 (1)
Chapter Notes 344 (1)
Suggested Reading 345 (1)
Reflection: New Patterns of Civilization 346 (4)
Part III THE EMERGENCE OF NEW WORLD PATTERNS 350 (159)
(1400-1800)
Chapter 13 Renewal, Reform, and State 352 (33)
Building in Europe
The Renaissance 353 (8)
Renaissance Society 353 (1)
The Intellectual Renaissance 354 (2)
The Artistic Renaissance 356 (2)
The State in the Renaissance 358 (3)
The Reformation of the Sixteenth Century 361 (4)
Prelude to Reformation 361 (1)
Church and Religion on the Eve of the 362 (1)
Reformation
Martin Luther and the Reformation in 362 (2)
Germany
Politics and Religion in the German 364 (1)
Reformation
The Spread of the Protestant Reformation 364 (1)
The Social Impact of the Protestant 365 (1)
Reformation
The Catholic Reformation 365 (3)
Europe in Crisis: War, Revolution, and 368 (3)
Social Disintegration, 1560-1650
Politics and the Wars of Religion in 368 (1)
the Sixteenth Century
Economic and Social Crises: Witchcraft 369 (2)
Mania
Seventeenth-Century Crises: Revolution 371 (1)
and War
Response to Crisis: The Practice of 371 (4)
Absolutism
France Under Louis XIV 371 (2)
Absolutism in Central and Eastern Europe 373 (2)
England and the Emergence of 375 (2)
Constitutional Monarchy
Revolution and Civil War 375 (1)
Restoration and a Glorious Revolution 375 (2)
European Culture 377 (6)
Art: The Barowe 377 (1)
A Golden Age of Literature in England 377 (1)
The Scientific Revolution 378 (5)
Conclusion 383 (1)
Chapter Notes 383 (1)
Suggested Reading 384 (1)
Chapter 14 New Encounters: The Creation of 385 (29)
a World Market
An Age of Exploration And Expansion 387 (13)
Islam and the Spice Trade 387 (1)
A New Player: Europe 387 (4)
The Portuguese Maritime Empire 391 (2)
Voyages to the New World" 393 (1)
Administration of the Spanish Empire in 394 (2)
the New World
The Impact of European Expansion 396 (1)
New Rivals 397 (3)
Africa in Transition 400 (6)
The Slave Trade 401 (4)
Political and Social Structures in a 405 (1)
Changing Continent
Southeast Asia in the Era of the Spice 406 (5)
Trade
The Arrival of the West 406 (1)
State and Society in Precolonial 407 (4)
Southeast Asia
Conclusion 411 (1)
Chapter Notes 412 (1)
Suggested Reading 413 (1)
Chapter 15 The Muslim Empires 414 (28)
The Ottoman Empire 415 (9)
Expansion of the Empire 416 (4)
The Nature of Turkish Rule 420 (1)
Religion and Society in the Ottoman 421 (1)
World
The Ottomans in Decline 422 (1)
Ottoman Art 422 (2)
The Safavids 424 (4)
Safavid Politics and Society 426 (1)
Safavid Art and Literature 427 (1)
The Grandeur of the Mughals 428 (11)
The Mughal Dynasty: A "Gunpowder 428 (1)
Empire"?
Akbar and Indo-Muslim Civilization 429 (2)
Twilight of the Mughals 431 (1)
The Impact of Western Power in India 432 (3)
Society and Culture Under the Mughals 435 (4)
Conclusion 439 (1)
Chapter Notes 440 (1)
Suggested Reading 441 (1)
Chapter 16 The East Asian World 442 (28)
China at Its Apex 443 (13)
From the Ming to the Qing 443 (3)
The Greatness of the Qing 446 (5)
Changing China 451 (1)
Daily Life in Qing China 452 (1)
Cultural Developments 453 (3)
Tokugawa Japan 456 (10)
The Three Great Unifiers 456 (1)
Opening to the West 457 (3)
The Tokugawa "Great Peace" 460 (3)
Life in the Village 463 (1)
Tokugawa Culture 464 (2)
Korea: The Hermit Kingdom 466 (1)
Conclusion 467 (1)
Chapter Notes 468 (1)
Suggested Reading 468 (2)
Chapter 17 The West on the Eve of a New 470 (34)
World Order
The Enlightenment 471 (7)
The Path to Enlightenment 471 (1)
The Philosophes and Their Ideas 472 (4)
Culture in an Enlightened Age 476 (2)
Economic Changes and the Social Order 478 (3)
New Economic Patterns 480 (1)
European Society in the Eighteenth 481 (1)
Century
Changing Patterns of War: Global 481 (1)
Confrontation
The Seven Years' War: A Global War 481 (1)
Colonial Empires and Revolution in the 482 (4)
Western Hemisphere
The Society of Latin America 483 (2)
British North America 485 (1)
Toward a New Political Order: Enlightened 486 (2)
Absolutism
Prussia: The Army and the Bureaucracy 487 (1)
The Austrian Empire of the Habsburgs 487 (1)
Russia Under Catherine the Great 488 (1)
The French Revolution 488 (9)
Background to the French Revolution 488 (2)
From Estates-General to National 490 (1)
Assembly
Destruction of the Old Regime 491 (3)
Radical Revolution 494 (2)
Reaction and the Directory 496 (1)
The Age of Napoleon 497 (4)
Domestic Policies 497 (2)
Napoleon s Empire and the European 499 (2)
Response
Conclusion 501 (1)
Chapter Notes 502 (1)
Suggested Reading 502 (2)
Reflection: The Emergence of New World 504 (5)
Patterns (1400-1800)
Glossary 509 (11)
Pronunciation Guide 520 (5)
Map Credits 525 (1)
Index 526