Mass Spectrometry for Chemists and Biochemists (2 SUB)

Mass Spectrometry for Chemists and Biochemists (2 SUB)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 501 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521414661
  • DDC分類 543.0873

Table of Contents

Introduction                                       xiii
Acknowledgments xvii
Table of quantities xviii
List of abbreviations xx
The mass spectrum 1 (21)
Formation of ions 1 (1)
Formation of the mass spectrum following 1 (8)
electron ionization
Multiply charged ions 9 (1)
Isotopes 10 (4)
Metastable ions 14 (1)
Elemental compositions of ions 15 (2)
Appearance of the mass spectrum 17 (1)
Formation of the mass spectrum following 18 (4)
ionization by other methods
Instrument design 22 (38)
Introduction 22 (1)
Inlet systems 23 (4)
Ion sources 27 (10)
Analysers (separation of ions) 37 (18)
Detection and recording of spectra 55 (3)
A total system 58 (2)
Methods of ionization 60 (53)
Introduction 60 (4)
Electron ionization 64 (2)
Chemical ionization 66 (12)
Negative-ion chemical ionization 78 (4)
Pulsed positive-ion/negative-ion chemical 82 (1)
ionization
Modified electron and chemical ionization 82 (3)
Field ionization 85 (4)
Field desorption 89 (2)
Spraying and ion evaporation 91 (9)
High-speed particles 100 (8)
Lasers 108 (2)
Plasma desorption 110 (3)
Computers in mass spectrometry: data systems 113 (29)
Introduction 113 (1)
Data acquisition and mass calibration 114 (7)
Control of the mass spectrometer 121 (2)
Data processing 123 (18)
Data display units 141 (1)
Combined chromatography and mass spectrometry 142 (41)
Introduction 142 (2)
Gas chromatography / mass spectrometry 144 (14)
Liquid chromatography / mass spectrometry 158 (8)
Some applications of liquid chromatography 166 (6)
/ mass spectrometry
Capillary electrophresis / mass spectrometry 172 (4)
Supercritical fluid chromatography / mass 176 (4)
spectrometry
Thin-layer chromatography / mass 180 (3)
spectrometry
Uses of derivatization 183 (22)
Introduction 183 (3)
Imparting volatility and thermal stability 186 (2)
Modelling the molecule for analysis 188 (15)
Inorganic compounds 203 (2)
Quantitative mass spectrometry 205 (27)
Introduction and principles 205 (3)
Calibration and internal standards 208 (5)
Selected ion monitoring 213 (6)
Applications based on gas chromatography / 219 (5)
mass spectrometry
Applications based on direct inlet 224 (3)
Applications based on liquid chromatography 227 (1)
/ mass spectrometry
Selected reaction monitoring 228 (4)
Metastable ions and mass spectrometry / mass 232 (57)
spectrometry
The origins of metastable ions 232 (4)
The usefulness of metastable ions 236 (2)
Metastable ions in conventional mass 238 (18)
spectrometers
Metastable ions in mass spectrometers of 256 (3)
reversed geometry
Triple quadrupole analysers 259 (1)
Triple-focussing magnetic-sector mass 260 (1)
spectrometers
Activation of normal ions 261 (9)
Mass spectrometry / mass spectrometry 270 (11)
(tandem MS)
Summary and miscellany of MS/MS experiments 281 (8)
Theory of mass spectrometry 289 (36)
Introduction 289 (2)
Energy states resulting from electron 291 (7)
ionization at low gas pressures
Energy states resulting from ionization at 298 (2)
higher gas pressures
Energy states resulting from ionization in 300 (1)
condensed (liquid) media
Energy states resulting from collisional 301 (2)
and other activation
Formation of ions 303 (7)
Theories of fragmentation rates 310 (3)
Thermochemical arguments 313 (2)
Ion lifetimes 315 (1)
Qualitative theories 316 (9)
Structure elucidation 325 (72)
Classifications of mass spectra 325 (4)
Examination of the mass spectrum 329 (8)
Modification of mass spectra through 337 (7)
instrumental parameters
Postulation of ion structures 344 (2)
Fragmentation of hydrocarbons 346 (7)
Primary fragmentations of aliphatic 353 (20)
heteroatomic compounds
Primary fragmentations of aromatic 373 (9)
heteroatomic compounds
Subsequent decomposition of primary 382 (5)
fragment ions
Rearrangement accompanying fragmentation 387 (6)
Fragmentation following other methods of 393 (2)
ionization
A suggested scheme for interpretation of 395 (2)
mass spectra
Examples of structure elucidation by mass 397 (30)
spectrometry
Introduction 397 (4)
Example A 401 (5)
Example B 406 (2)
Example C 408 (3)
Example D 411 (2)
Example E 413 (2)
Example F 415 (3)
Example G 418 (2)
Example H 420 (7)
Further discussion of selected topics 427 (51)
Ionization and appearance energies 427 (4)
Isotope analysis and labelling 431 (13)
Ion cyclotron resonance spectroscopy 444 (11)
Pyrolysis / mass spectrometry and pyrolysis 455 (18)
/ chromatography / mass spectrometry
Further literature on mass spectrometry 473 (5)
References 478 (18)
Index 496