United States Practice in International Law 2002-2004 (United States Practices in International Law) 〈2〉 (Reissue)

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United States Practice in International Law 2002-2004 (United States Practices in International Law) 〈2〉 (Reissue)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 420 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521383141
  • DDC分類 340

基本説明

New in paperback. Hardcover was published in 2006.

Full Description


Sean D. Murphy's in-depth survey of U.S. practice in international law in the period 2002-2004 draws upon the statements and actions of the executive, legislative and judicial branches of the U.S. government to examine its involvement across a range of areas. These areas include diplomatic and consular relations, jurisdiction and immunities, state responsibility and liability, international organizations, international economic law, human rights, and international criminal law. This summary of the most salient issues during 2002-2004 (ranging from the treatment of detainees during the Afghan conflict in the spring of 2002 to the invasion and occupation of Iraq in 2003-2004) was originally published in 2006, and is a central source of information about U.S. practice in international law. Revealing international law in the making, this essential tool for researchers and practitioners is the second in a series of books capturing the international law practice of a global player.

Table of Contents

Foreword                                           xii
Judge Stephen M. Schwebel
Acknowledgments xiii
Table of Periodical Abbreviation xiv
Table of Cases xvi
Table of U.S. Statutes xxi
Table of Treaties xxiii
I General International and U.S. Foreign 1 (17)
Relations Law
Overview 1 (1)
U.S. Influence on International Law 1 (2)
President Bush 2004 Speech to UN 1 (2)
General Assembly
International and Foreign Relations Law 3 (15)
Influences on the United States
Interpretation of Constitution in Light 3 (5)
of Foreign and International Law
Interpretation of Treaty in Light of 8 (2)
Foreign Court Decision
Interpretation of Foreign Law When 10 (1)
Applying U.S. Statutes
Customary International Law as a Part 11 (3)
of U.S. Law
Federal Foreign Relations Law 14 (4)
Preemption of State Law
II State Diplomatic and Consular Relations 18 (23)
Overview 18 (1)
Recognition of States and Governments 18 (3)
Recognition of the Name "Republic of 18 (1)
Macedonia"
Recognition of New Afghan Government 19 (1)
Recognition of New Iraqi Government 20 (1)
Congressional Effort to Move U.S. 20 (1)
Embassy to Jerusalem
Persona Non Grata 21 (2)
U.S. Expulsion of Iraqi Diplomat 21 (1)
U.S. Expulsion of Cuban Diplomats 22 (1)
Consular Affairs 23 (18)
Effects of German LaGrand Case in U.S. 23 (4)
Courts
Mexican Avena Case Before the ICJ 27 (6)
Effects of Avena Case in U.S. Courts 33 (5)
Service of Process on Foreign Officials 38 (3)
in United States
III State Jurisdiction and Immunities 41 (45)
Overview 41 (1)
Jurisdiction 41 (8)
Extraterritorial Application of U.S. 41 (3)
Criminal Statutes
Extraterritorial Application of U.S. 44 (5)
Environmental Statutes
Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act 49 (29)
Background 49 (1)
Application of FSIA to Pre-FSIA Events 49 (2)
Corporations as Agencies of Foreign 51 (2)
Sovereigns
Waiver of Immunity 53 (2)
Commercial Activity Exception 55 (2)
Expropriation Exception 57 (1)
Tortious Activity Exception 57 (1)
Arbitration Exception 58 (1)
Terrorise State Exception 59 (18)
Immunity of Foreign State Assets from 77 (1)
Attachment or Execution
Immunity as Head of State 78 (3)
Immunity as Head of State for Former 78 (3)
Chinese President Jiang Zemin
Immunity of U.S. For Acts Abroad 81 (4)
U.S. Immunity for Security Measures at 81 (2)
Embassy Abroad
Supreme Court Rejection of 83 (2)
"Headquatters Doctrine" Under FTCA
Act of State Doctrine 85 (1)
License to Export as an Act of State 85 (1)
IV State Responsibility and Liability 86 (16)
Overview 86 (1)
Rules of State Responsibility 86 (11)
Retroactive Application of Treaty to 86 (2)
Treaty-Based Claim
U.S. Interpretation of Continuous 88 (3)
Nationality Rule
U.S. Interpretation of Exhaustion of 91 (1)
Local Remedies Rule
U.S. Interpretation of Denial of 92 (3)
Justice Standard
Customary International Law Does Not 95 (2)
Prohibit Anticompetitive Behavior
Payment of Compensation 97 (5)
Implementation of German Holocaust 97 (5)
Claims Agreement
V International Organizations 102 (17)
Overview 102 (1)
United Nations 102 (13)
U.S. Financial Support for the United 102 (1)
Nations
U.S. Funding for the UN Population Fund 103 (1)
U.S. Personnel Contributions to UN 104 (2)
Peacekeeping Operations
Replacement of U.S.-Led Force in Haiti 106 (1)
with UN Peacekeeping Mission
U.S. Support for Multinational 107 (2)
Intervention in Liberia
Protection of UN and Humanitarian 109 (2)
Personnel in Conflict Zones
UN Resolution on Israeli Treatment of 111 (1)
Palestinian President
Host-Country Relations 112 (2)
ICJ Judge Conducts Marriage Ceremony in 114 (1)
United States
Specialized Agencies and Other 115 (4)
International Organizations
Specialized Agencies: U.S. Return to 115 (2)
UNESCO
U.S. Initiative to Oust OPCW 117 (2)
Director-General
VI International Oceans, Environment, 119 (33)
Health, and Aviation Law
Overview 119 (1)
Law of the Sea 119 (15)
Report of U.S. Commission on Ocean 119 (1)
Policy
Senate Consideration of Law of the Sea 120 (3)
Convenrion
U.S. Reaction to Russian Continental 123 (1)
Shelf Claim
Senate Consideration of MARPOL Protocol 124 (2)
"Proliferation Security Initiative" for 126 (2)
Searching Potential WMD Vessels
Establishment of U.S. Antiterrorism 128 (2)
Maritime Transportation System
U.S. Concerns Regarding UNESCO 130 (4)
Convention on Underwater Heritage
International Environmental Law 134 (11)
Methyl Bromide Exemption to Ozone 134 (2)
Depletion Regime
U.S. Proposal for Reducing Greenhouse 136 (1)
Gases
U.S. Effort to Block Iceland's 137 (5)
Membership in Whaling Convention
U.S.-Russia Polar Bear Agreement 142 (1)
Exemption of U.S. Military from 143 (1)
Migratory Bird Treaty Act
Environmental Torts Do Not Violate 144 (1)
Customary International Law
International Health Law 145 (4)
U.S. Signing of Framework Convention on 145 (2)
Tobacco Control
"Revenue Rule" Barring Foreign Suits 147 (2)
Concerning Cigarette Smuggling
Air and Space Law 149 (3)
Ratification of the 1999 Montreal 149 (3)
Convention on Aviation Liability
VII International Economic Law 152 (40)
Overview 152 (1)
International Finance and Tax 153 (4)
U.S. "Millennium Challenge Account" for 153 (2)
Foreign Aid
U.S.-Japan Tax Treaty 155 (2)
Bilateral Trade 157 (10)
2002 Enactment of Trade-Promotion 157 (1)
Authority
U.S.-Chile Free Trade Agreement 158 (3)
U.S.-Singapore Free Trade Agreement 161 (1)
U.S.-Australia Free Trade Agreement 161 (1)
U.S.-Morocco Free Trade Agreement 162 (1)
U.S.-Bahrain Free Trade Agreement 162 (1)
New U.S. "Model" Bilateral Investment 163 (2)
Treaty
Amendment of Treaty on Customs 165 (1)
Procedures
Bioterrorism Act's Notice Requirements 166 (1)
for Food Imports
NAFTA 167 (11)
Chapter 11 Investor-State Disputes 167 (8)
Chapter 19 Anti-dumping and 175 (1)
Countervailing Duty Disputes
Chapter 20 General Dispute Resolution 176 (2)
Regional Trade 178 (2)
Adoption of Central American Free Trade 178 (1)
Agreement
Trade Developments Between the United 179 (1)
States and Sub-Saharan Africa
World Trade Organization 180 (12)
Overview 180 (1)
U.S. Participation in Doha Round 181 (2)
Negotiations
Modification of WTO Rules on Protecrion 183 (2)
of Pharmaceutical
U.S. Conformance with Shrimp-Turtle 185 (1)
Decision
U.S. Conformance with Steel Safeguards 186 (3)
Decision
U.S. Efforts to Conform to Foreign 189 (1)
Sales Corporation Decision
Failure to Conform with Decision on 190 (2)
"Byrd Amendment"
VIII International Human Rights 192 (43)
Overview 192 (1)
New Treaties and Instruments 192 (4)
Ratification of Protocols to Rights of 192 (2)
the Child Convention
U.S. View on Pursuing a Torture 194 (1)
Convention Protocol
Senate Consideration of CEDAW 195 (1)
Implementation of Human Rights 196 (10)
Reporting on Human Rights 196 (2)
U.S. Opposition to Measures Condemning 198 (1)
Israel
U.S. Declaration on Sudan Genocide 198 (4)
Election of United States to UN Human 202 (1)
Rights Commission
Failure to Elect U.S. Candidate to 203 (1)
Inter-American Human Rights Commission
Resistance to Decisions of 203 (3)
Inter-American Human Rights Commission
Alien Tort Claims Act and Torture Victim 206 (19)
Protection Act Cases
Background 206 (1)
Forum Non Conveniens 206 (1)
Statute of Limitations 207 (1)
Exhaustion of Local Remedies 207 (1)
Diplomatic Immunity 208 (1)
Justice Department ATCA Position in 209 (2)
Unocal Case
ATCA Supporters Amicus Brief in 211 (2)
Talisman Case
Supreme Court ATCA Interpretation in 213 (4)
Sosa Case
Justice Department ATCA Position After 217 (1)
Sosa Decision
District Court ATCA Decisions After 218 (2)
Sosa Decision
Command Responsibility in the U.S. 220 (5)
Human Rights Cases
Immigration 225 (10)
U.S. Detention of Aliens After 225 (5)
September 11 Attacks
Detention of Illegal Immigrants Cannot 230 (1)
Be Indefinite
Removal of Alien Without Receiving 231 (1)
Country's Consent
Canadian Deportation to United States 232 (1)
of Death-Penalty Convict
North Koreans Seeking Asylum at 233 (2)
Diplomatic Compounds in China
IX International Criminal Law 235 (85)
Overview 235 (1)
Law Enforcement Generally 235 (17)
U.S./EU and U.S./UK Extradition Treaties 235 (2)
Continuance of Extradition Treaty with 237 (1)
Czech Republic
MLATs with Various States and the 237 (1)
European Union
Adoption of UN Convention Against 238 (2)
Corruption
Senate Consideration of Other 240 (4)
Multinational Treaties
Hate-Speech Protocol to Cybercrime 244 (1)
Convention
U.S. Law in Support of Diamond Controls 245 (2)
U.S. Law Against Sex Tourism 247 (1)
Searching of Foreign Mail Inconsistent 248 (1)
with International Law
U.S. Reaction to Belgian Universal 249 (3)
Jurisdiction Law
Law of War: Status of Guantanamo Bay 252 (24)
Detainees
Decision Not to Regard Persons Detained 252 (8)
in Afghanistan as POWs
ICRC Reaction to the U.S. Decision 260 (1)
Inter-American Human Rights Commission 261 (2)
Reaction
Ability of Detainees to Obtain Federal 263 (5)
Habeas Corpus Review
Reviews and Releases of Detainees at 268 (2)
Guantanamo Bay
Plans for Trials of Detainees at 270 (6)
Guantanamo Bay
Law of War: Permissible Means for 276 (14)
Interrogating Detainees
Background 276 (1)
Lack of Miranda Rights for Detainees 277 (1)
Justice Department 2002 Opinion on What 278 (1)
Constitutes Torture
DOD-Approved Interrogation Techniques 279 (3)
at Guantanamo Bay
"Migration" of Guantanamo Bay 282 (1)
Techniques to Iraq
U.S. Abuse of Iraqi Detainees at Abu 283 (3)
Ghraib Prison
U.S. Abuse of Other Detainees 286 (1)
Justice Department Withdrawal and 287 (2)
Replacement of 2002 Opinion
Removal of Detainees from Occupied Iraq 289 (1)
Law of War: Treatment of U.S. Nationals 290 (12)
As Unlawful Combatants
U.S. Nationals Detained as Unlawful 290 (1)
Combatants
U.S. Enemy Combatant Placed in Criminal 291 (1)
Justice System (Lindh)
U.S. Enemy Combatant Captured on 292 (5)
Battlefield (Hamdi)
U.S. Enemy Combatant Detained in United 297 (4)
States (Padilla)
Foreign Enemy Combatant Detained in 301 (1)
United States (al-Marri)
International War Crimes Tribunals 302 (18)
U.S. Pressure on Serbia to Transfer 302 (1)
ICTY Indictees
Testimony by U.S. General Before the 303 (2)
ICTY
ICTY Subpoena of Washington Post 305 (1)
Journalist
U.S. Intent Not to Become a Party to 306 (1)
the Rome Statute
American Servicemembers' Protection Act 307 (2)
U.S. Bilateral Agreements Relating to 309 (3)
ICC
Efforts to Obtain Immunity from ICC for 312 (5)
U.S. Peacekeepers
State Department Views on the Future 317 (3)
for War Crimes Tribunal
X Use of Force and Arms Control 320 (49)
Overview 320 (1)
Use of Force Doctrine 320 (7)
U.S. Adoption of New Doctrine on Use of 320 (3)
Force
U.S. Reaction to ICJ Judgment in Iran 323 (4)
Oil Platforms Case
Military Attack on Iraq 327 (32)
Efforts to Address Iraqi Compliance 327 (4)
with UN Weapons Inspections
Congressional Authorization for the Use 331 (2)
of Force
U.S. Effort to Obtain Security Council 333 (7)
Authorization to Use Force
Use of Military Force to Disarm Iraq 340 (2)
The U.S. Legal Theory for the 342 (2)
Intervention
Conduct of Iraqi Forces During the War 344 (1)
Conduct of U.S. Forces During the War 345 (1)
Security Council Recognition of U.S. 346 (2)
Postwar Role in Iraq
Establishment of Coalition Occupation 348 (2)
Laws
Turmoil in Postwar Iraq 350 (1)
Creation of an Interim Iraqi Government 351 (4)
The Capture of Saddam Hussein 355 (1)
The Search for Weapons of Mass 356 (2)
Destruction
Other Deployments in "Global War" on 358 (1)
Terrorism
Arms Control 359 (10)
Conclusion of U.S.-Russia Treaty on 359 (1)
Strategic Offensive Reductions
U.S. Resistance to Fifth CCW Protocol 360 (3)
on Explosive Remnants of War
Ratification of IAEA Additional Protocol 363 (2)
Suit by Congressmen Regarding 365 (1)
Withdrawal from ABM Treaty
UN Security Council Resolution on 366 (3)
Nonproliferation of WMD
XI Settlement of Disputes 369 (14)
Overview 369 (1)
Negotiation 369 (7)
Libyan Compensation for Pan Am Flight 369 (3)
103 Victims
Libyan WMD Disarmament 372 (4)
Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal 376 (2)
Avco Corporation v. Iran 376 (1)
Sheibani v. United States 377 (1)
Riahi v. Iran 377 (1)
International Court of Justice 378 (5)
U.S. Position Regarding ICJ Israeli 378 (5)
Barrier Advisory Opinion
XII Private International Law 383 (20)
Overview 383 (1)
Private Commerce 383 (5)
Uncitral Convention on Assignment of 383 (2)
Receivables
Cape Town Convention on Financing of 385 (2)
Mobile Equipment
Interpretation of 1949 Convention on 387 (1)
Road Traffic
New York Convention on Arbitral Awards 388 (6)
Background 388 (1)
Ability to Remove New York Convention 388 (1)
Cases to Federal Court
Enforcement of Agreement to Arbitrate 389 (3)
or Arbitral Award
Refusal to Enforce Based on Lack of 392 (1)
Personal Jurisdiction
Refusal to Enforce Based on Forum Non 392 (1)
Conveniens Doctrine
Ability to Determine the Validity of 393 (1)
Underlying Contract to Arbitrate
Hague Convention on Child Abduction 394 (4)
Background 394 (1)
Interpretation of "Rights of Custody" 394 (1)
Interpretation of "Habitual Residence" 395 (1)
Obligation Not to Return Child if There 396 (2)
is a Grave Risk
Annex Treaties Sent to the Senate by the 398 (5)
President or Consented to by the Senate
During 2002-2004
Index 403