G.ヴィーコ『新しい学』(1725年版・英訳)<br>Vico : The First New Science (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought)

個数:

G.ヴィーコ『新しい学』(1725年版・英訳)
Vico : The First New Science (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought)

  • 提携先の海外書籍取次会社に在庫がございます。通常2週間で発送いたします。
    重要ご説明事項
    1. 納期遅延や、ご入手不能となる場合が若干ございます。
    2. 複数冊ご注文の場合、分割発送となる場合がございます。
    3. 美品のご指定は承りかねます。
  • ≪洋書のご注文につきまして≫ 「海外取次在庫あり」および「国内仕入れ先からお取り寄せいたします」表示の商品でも、納期の目安期間内にお届けできないことがございます。あらかじめご了承ください。

  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 328 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521382908
  • DDC分類 195

基本説明

Edited by L. Pompa. The first complete English translation of the 1725 text.

Full Description


The First New Science gives a clear account of Vico's mature philosophythe belief that certain functions which are necessary for the maintenance of human society and culture, including philosophy, also condition them historically. This challenges the traditional view that philosophy can lay claim to an historically independent viewpoint, thus bringing into question the legitimacy of the claims of universal prescriptive political theories as against the de facto political beliefs of particular historical societies. This is the first of Vico's later major books in which he wrote in Italian in order not merely to expound but to demonstrate in practice, his conception of the philosophical importance of etymology. This 2002 Cambridge Texts edition is the first complete English translation of the 1725 text. Accompanied by a glossary, bibliography, chronology of Vico's life and expository introduction, it makes this important work accessible to students for the first time.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements                                   xvii
Introduction xix
Chronology xxxix
Editor's note xlv
Bibliographical note l
Glossary lvii
The First New Science 1 (3)
Idea of the Work 4 (3)
BOOK I THE NECESSITY OF THE END AND THE 7 (28)
DIFFICULTY OF THE MEANS OF DISCOVERING A NEW
SCIENCE
Reasons for our meditation on this work 9 (2)
Meditation on a New Science 11 (1)
The defect of such a Science if based upon 12 (1)
the maxims of the Epicureans and Stoics or
the practices advocated by Plato
This Science is meditated on the basis of the 13 (1)
Roman jurisconsults' idea of the natural law
of the gentes
The defect of such a Science if based upon 14 (4)
the systems of Grotius, Selden or Pufendorf
Reasons why this Science has hitherto been 18 (2)
lacking among the philosophers and
philologists
The necessity, both human and doctrinal, that 20 (1)
the origins of this Science be derived from
sacred history
The difficulty of discovering the progress or 21 (1)
continuity [proper to this Science]
[The difficulty of discovering the origins of 22 (3)
humanity] from the philosophers
[The difficulty of discovering the origins of 25 (5)
humanity] from the philologists
The necessity to seek the principles of the 30 (1)
nature of nations by means of a metaphysics
raised to contemplate a certain common mind
of all the peoples
On the idea of a jurisprudence of mankind 31 (1)
The severe difficulties of discovering [the 32 (3)
mode of men's first ideas]
BOOK II THE PRINCIPLES OF THIS SCIENCE 35 (112)
CONCERNING IDEAS
Introduction 37 (1)
The first principle of the nations is 38 (1)
Providence
The rule of the world of nations is vulgar 39 (1)
wisdom
The artificer of the world of nations is 39 (1)
human will regulated by vulgar wisdom
The natural order of human ideas of an 40 (4)
eternal justice
The natural order of human ideas of a 44 (1)
universal justice
The natural order of gentile human ideas of 45 (3)
divinity through which, depending upon
whether they have been kept distinct or
communicated, the nations are isolated or in
communication with one another
The natural order of ideas concerning the law 48 (18)
of the nations [as it proceeds] through their
own religions, laws, languages, marriages,
names, arms and governments
Corollary A practical test comparing [the 57 (9)
results of] our reasoned principles with
the vulgar tradition that the Law of the
Twelve Tables came from Athens
The idea of an ideal eternal history in 66 (1)
accordance with which the histories of all
nations proceed through time with certain
origins and certain continuity
The idea of a new critical art 67 (1)
First: through certain kinds of evidence 68 (1)
synchronous with the times in which the
gentile nations were born
Second: through certain kinds of medals 69 (2)
belonging to the first peoples, with which
the Universal Flood is demonstrated
Third: through physical demonstrations which 71 (2)
prove that the first origin of profane
history' lay in the giants and that profane
history is continuous with sacred history
Fourth: by interpreting the fables in the 73 (2)
light of physics, it is discovered that the
principle of idolatry and divination common
to the Latins, Greeks and Egyptians was born
at a certain determinate time after the
Flood, and that idolatry and divination were
born at an earlier time and of a different
principle in the East
Fifth: with metaphysical proofs through which 75 (1)
it is discovered that the whole theology of
the gentiles owes its origins to poetry
Through a metaphysics of mankind the great 76 (3)
principle of the division of the fields and
the first outlines of kingdoms are discovered
The origin of nobility is discovered 79 (2)
The origin of heroism is discovered 81 (1)
This New Science proceeds through a morality 82 (1)
of mankind, from which the limits within
which the customs of the nations proceed are
discovered
This New Science proceeds through a politics 83 (1)
of mankind, from which it is discovered that
the first governments in the state of the
families were divine
The first fathers in the state of the 84 (1)
families are discovered to have been
monarchical kings
The first kingdoms in the state of the cities 85 (1)
are discovered to have been heroic
The principle of heroic virtue 86 (1)
The principles of all three forms of republic 87 (1)
The principles of the first aristocratic 87 (1)
republics
The discovery of the first families that 88 (1)
include others than just their children
Determination of the first occupations, 88 (1)
usucaptions and mancipations
The discovery of the first duels or the first 89 (1)
private wars
The origin of the genealogies and the 90 (1)
nobility of the first gentes
The discovery of the first asylums and of the 91 (1)
eternal origins of all states
The discovery of the first clienteles and the 92 (1)
first outlines of surrender in war
The discovery of the fiefs of the heroic times 92 (1)
The point at which the heroic republics were 93 (1)
born from the clienteles
The discovery of the first [forms of] peace 94 (1)
and the first tributes in the two oldest
agrarian laws, which are the respective
sources of natural law and civil law and the
joint source of sovereign ownership
The discovery of the heroic republics that 95 (2)
were uniform among the Latins, Greeks and
Asians, and of the different origins of the
Roman assemblies
The discovery of the heroic or aristocratic 97 (4)
nature of the Roman kingdom
The discovery of the truth concerning the Law 101 (6)
of the Twelve Tables as the basis of the
greater part of the law, government and
history of Rome
The eternal principle of human governments in 107 (1)
the free republics and the monarchies
The natural law of the gentes that proceeds 107 (1)
in constant uniformity among the nations
The discovery of the divine nature of the 108 (1)
first natural law of the gentes
The principle of the external justice of war 108 (1)
Optimum law as the principle of revenge and 109 (1)
the origin of heraldic law
The law of the bond as the origin of 110 (1)
obligations and the first outlines of
reprisals and slavery
The religious aspect of the first laws of the 111 (1)
nations
The discovery that heroic law was the second 111 (1)
natural law of the gentes
The discovery that ancient Roman law was 112 (4)
wholly heroic and the source of Roman virtue
and greatness
The discovery that human law is the final law 116 (1)
of the gentes
A demonstration of the truth of the Christian 117 (1)
religion and a criticism of the three systems
of Grotius, Selden and Pufendorf
The idea of a jurisprudence of mankind that 118 (1)
changes through certain sects of times
The jurisprudence of the sect of 119 (1)
superstitious times
The discovery of the secrecy of the laws 120 (1)
uniform in all the ancient nations
A demonstration that the laws were not born 120 (1)
of deception
The jurisprudence of the sect of heroic times 121 (1)
in which the origin of the legitimate acts of
the Romans is discovered
The origin of the harsh jurisprudence of the 121 (2)
ancients
The discovery of the causes of the belief 123 (1)
that the Law of the Twelve Tables came from
Sparta
The jurisprudence of the sect of human times 124 (1)
and the principle of the benign jurisprudence
of the last Romans
The discovery of the causes of the belief 125 (1)
that the Law of the Twelve Tables came from
Athens
The discovery of the true elements of history 125 (1)
New historical principles of astronomy 126 (1)
The idea of a reasoned chronology of the 127 (1)
obscure and fabulous times
The discovery of new kinds of anachronism and 128 (2)
of new principles for their correction
New historical principles of geography 130 (4)
The discovery of the great principle of the 134 (1)
propagation of the nations
The discovery of the principle of the 135 (3)
colonies and provinces and of Roman, Latin
and Italic law
The discovery of the mode of the overseas 138 (3)
heroic colonies
The discovery of the first origin in this 141 (1)
Science
The origins of recondite wisdom are 142 (1)
discovered to lie within those of vulgar
wisdom
The idea of a civil history of inventions in 143 (2)
the sciences, disciplines and arts
Determination of the eternal point of the 145 (2)
perfect state of the nations
BOOK III THE PRINCIPLES OF THIS SCIENCE 147 (78)
CONCERNING LANGUAGE
Introduction 149 (1)
New principles of mythology and etymology 149 (2)
New principles of poetry 151 (1)
Determination of the birth of the first 151 (1)
fable, the origin of idolatry and divination
The first principle of the divine poetry, 152 (1)
i.e. the theology, of the gentiles
The discovery of the principle of the poetic 153 (2)
characters that constituted the vocabulary of
the first [gentile] nations
The discovery of the true poetic allegories 155 (1)
The idea of a natural theogony 156 (1)
[The idea of a reasoned chronology 156 (2)
proceeding] from the fables of the gods
through those of the heroes to the things of
certain history, which were necessary as the
perpetual causes that influence effects in
the known gentile world
Seven principles of the obscurity of the 158 (1)
fables. Principle I: Concerning poetic
monsters
Principle II: Concerning metamorphoses 158 (1)
Principle III: Concerning confusion in the 159 (1)
fables
Principle IV: Concerning changes in the fables 159 (1)
Principle V: Concerning the impropriety of 160 (1)
the fables that derives from [new] ideas
Principle VI: Concerning the impropriety of 161 (3)
the fables that derives from [new] words
Important discoveries concerning the law of 164 (4)
war and peace resulting from the foregoing
principle of poetry
Principle VII: Concerning the obscurity of 168 (1)
the fables: the secrecy of divination
The principle of the corruption of the fables 168 (2)
The discovery of three ages of heroic poets 170 (2)
up to Homer
A demonstration of the truth of the Christian 172 (1)
religion
How the first legislative wisdom was that of 172 (1)
the poets
Of the divine wisdom and art of Homer 173 (2)
How principles of recondite wisdom came to be 175 (2)
discovered in the Homeric fables
The mode in which the first language among 177 (2)
the nations was born divine
The mode [of birth] of the first natural 179 (1)
languages, i.e. those with natural
signification
The mode in which the second language of the 180 (1)
nations was born heroic
The mode in which the poetic language that 181 (2)
has come down to us was formed
Further principles of poetic reason 183 (2)
The discovery of the true origin of the 185 (3)
heroic emblems
New principles of the science of blazonry 188 (1)
The new discovery of the origins of the 189 (5)
family ensigns
Further origins of military ensigns 194 (2)
The heroic origins of the distinguished Order 196 (1)
of the Golden Fleece and the royal blazon of
France
Further principles of the science of medals 197 (1)
The language of arms through which the 198 (6)
principles of the natural law of the gentes
of the Roman jurisconsults are explained
The necessity of the language of arms for 204 (2)
understanding barbaric history
Concerning the third part of poetic language: 206 (1)
words of settled meaning
The discovery of the common origins of all 207 (1)
the articulate languages
The discovery of the true causes of the Latin 208 (5)
language and, by analogy, of all the others
The discovery of the origins of song and verse 213 (3)
The idea of an etymologicon common to all 216 (1)
native languages
The idea of an etymologicon of words of 217 (1)
foreign origin
The idea of a universal etymologicon for the 218 (2)
science of the language of the natural law of
the gentes
The idea of a dictionary of mental words 220 (5)
common to all nations
BOOK IV THE GROUND OF THE PROOFS THAT ESTABLISH 225 (6)
THIS SCIENCE
BOOK V THE FINAL BOOK 231 (40)
Introduction The order of development of 233 (1)
the subject matter through which a
philosophy of humanity and a universal
history of the nations are formed at one
and the same time
The uniformity of the course that humanity 234 (1)
takes among the nations
The origins of this Science found in two 235 (1)
Egyptian antiquities
The origins of this Science found within 236 (1)
those of sacred history
Supplement on antediluvian history 237 (1)
Compendium of the obscure history of the 238 (1)
Assyrians, Phoenicians and Egyptians
The age of the gods of Greece in which the 238 (16)
divine origins of all gentile human
institutions are found
The uniformity of the age of the gods among 254 (1)
the ancient gentile nations
The age of the Greek heroes 255 (7)
The uniformity of the age of the heroes among 262 (6)
the ancient nations
The age of men 268 (3)
CONCLUSION OF THE WORK 271 (4)
INDEX 275 (16)
Vulgar traditions 277 (10)
General discoveries 287 (4)
Index 291