Horizons : Exploring the Universe (10 PCK)

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Horizons : Exploring the Universe (10 PCK)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 516 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780495113584
  • DDC分類 520

Table of Contents

  Part 1: The Sky
The Scale of the Cosmos 2 (8)
The Sky 10 (12)
The Stars 12 (3)
The Sky and Its Motion 15 (7)
Cycles of the Sky 22 (22)
The Cycle of the Sun 24 (5)
The Cycles of the Moon 29 (10)
Astronomical Influences on Earth's Climate 39 (5)
The Origin of Modern Astronomy 44 (28)
Classical Astronomy 46 (1)
Copernicus 47 (5)
Planetary Motion 52 (5)
Galileo Galilei 57 (4)
Isaac Newton and Orbital Motion 61 (11)
Astronomical Telescopes 72 (26)
Radiation: Information from Space 74 (2)
Visual-Wavelength Telescopes 76 (10)
Special Instruments 86 (2)
Radio Telescopes 88 (3)
Astronomy from Space 91
Windows on Science
Scientific Arguments: The Structure of 18 (1)
Science
Frameworks for Thinking about Nature: 19 (1)
Scientific Models
Understanding Versus Naming: The True 20 (5)
Goal of Science
Astrology and Pseudoscience: Misusing the 25 (16)
Rules of Science
The Foundation of Science: Evidence 41 (11)
Creating New Ways to See Nature: 52 (4)
Scientific Revolutions
Hypothesis, Theory, and Law: Levels of 56 (7)
Confidence
The Unstated Assumption of Science: Cause 63 (3)
and Effect
Universal Gravitation 66 (2)
Testing a Theory by Prediction 68 (12)
Resolving Power and the Accuracy of a 80
Measurement
Concept Art Portfolios
The Sky Around Us 16 (11)
The Cycle of the Seasons 27 (4)
The Phases of the Moon 31 (18)
The Ancient Universe 49 (16)
Orbiting Earth 65 (18)
Modern Astronomical Telescopes 83 (12)
The Great Observatories in Space 95 (3)
Part 2: The Stars
Starlight and Atoms 98 (20)
Atoms 100(2)
The Interaction of Light and Matter 102(4)
Stellar Spectra 106(12)
The Sun 118(24)
The Solar Atmosphere 120(6)
Nuclear Fusion in the Sun 126(5)
Solar Activity 131(11)
The Family of Stars 142(26)
Measuring the Distances to Stars 144(2)
Intrinsic Brightness 146(2)
The Diameters of Stars 148(6)
The Masses of Stars 154(7)
A Survey of the Stars 161(7)
The Formation and Structure of Stars 168(28)
The Birth of Stars 170(9)
Fusion in Stars 179(4)
Stellar Structure 183(4)
Main-Sequence Stars 187(5)
The Orion Nebula 192(4)
The Deaths of Stars 196(28)
Giant Stars 198(5)
The Deaths of Lower-Main-Sequence Stars 203(8)
The Evolution of Binary Systems 211(3)
The Deaths of Massive Stars 214(10)
Neutron Stars and Black Holes 224(24)
Neutron Stars 226(11)
Black Holes 237
Windows on Science
Quantum Mechanics: The World of the Very 102(28)
Small
Avoiding Hasty Judgments: Scientific 130(8)
Confidence
Building Confidence by Confirmation and 138(18)
Consolidation
Learning about Nature through Chains of 156(6)
Inference
Information about Nature: Basic 162(17)
Scientific Data
Understanding Science: Separating Facts 179(7)
from Theories
Quantitative Thinking with Mathematical 186(15)
Models
Causes in Nature: The Very Small and the 201(19)
Very Large
Astronomical Images, False Color, and 220(16)
Reality
The Impossibility of Proof in Science 236(5)
Natural Checks on Fraud in Science 241
Concept Art Portfolios
Atomic Spectra 109(24)
Sunspots and the Sunspot Cycle 133(4)
Magnetic Solar Phenomena 137(28)
The Family of Stars 165(8)
Three Kinds of Nebulae 173(8)
Observational Evidence of Star Formation 181(10)
Star Formation in the Orion Nebula 191(14)
Star Cluster H--R Diagrams 205(4)
The Formation of Planetary Nebulae 209(22)
The Lighthouse Model of a Pulsar 231
Celestial Profile 1 The Sun 121(127)
Part 3: The Universe of Galaxies
The Milky Way Galaxy 248(28)
The Discovery of the Galaxy 250(9)
The Origin of the Milky Way 259(5)
Spiral Arms and Star Formation 264(8)
The Nucleus 272(4)
Galaxies 276(24)
The Family of Galaxies 279(4)
Measuring the Properties of Galaxies 283(8)
The Evolution of Galaxies 291(9)
Galaxies with Active Nuclei 300(20)
Active Galactic Nuclei 302(9)
Quasars 311(9)
Cosmology in the 21st Century 320(26)
Introduction to the Universe 322(10)
Space and Time 332(3)
21st-Century Cosmology 335
Windows on Science
The Calibration of One Parameter to Find 254(7)
Another
Understanding Nature as Processes 261(17)
Searching for Clues through 278(1)
Classification in Science
Selection Effects in Science 279(25)
It Wouldn't Stand Up in Court: 304(20)
Statistical Evidence
Thinking about an Abstract Idea: 324(2)
Reasoning by Analogy
Why Scientists Speak Carefully: Words 326
Lead Thoughts
Concept Art Portfolios
Sagittarius A* 271(10)
Galaxy Classification 281(14)
Interacting Galaxies 295(12)
Cosmic Jets and Radio Lobes 307(39)
Part 4: The Solar System
The Origin of the Solar System 346(24)
The Great Chain of Origins 348(1)
A Survey of the Solar System 349(7)
The Story of Planet Building 356(6)
Planets Orbiting Other Stars 362(8)
Comparative Planetology of the Terrestrial 370(36)
Planets
A Travel Guide to the Terrestrial Planets 372(1)
Earth: Planet of Extremes 373(6)
The Moon 379(7)
Mercury 386(2)
Venus 388(7)
Mars 395(11)
Comparative Planetology of the Outer Planets 406(32)
A Travel Guide to the Outer Planets 408(1)
Jupiter 409(9)
Saturn 418(6)
Uranus 424(3)
Neptune 427(5)
Pluto and the Dwarf Planets 432(6)
Meteorites, Asteroids, and Comets 438(18)
Meteorites 440(4)
Asteroids 444(1)
Comets 445
Windows on Science
Two Kinds of Theories: Evolution and 349(7)
Catastrophe
Reconstructing the Past from Evidence and 356(10)
Hypothesis
Scientists: Courteous Skeptics 366(16)
Understanding Planets: Follow the Energy 382(7)
How Hypotheses and Theories Unify the 389(13)
Details
The Present is the Key to the Past 402(6)
Science, Technology, and Engineering 408(14)
Who Pays for Science? 422(20)
Enjoying the Natural World 442
Concept Art Portfolios
Terrestrial and Jovian Planets 353(24)
The Active Earth 377(4)
Impact Cratering 381(12)
Volcanoes 393(20)
Jupiter's Atmosphere 413(8)
The Ice Rings of Saturn 421(8)
The Rings of Uranus and Neptune 429(18)
Observations of Asteroids 447(2)
Comet Observations 449
Celestial Profile 2 Earth 375(8)
Celestial Profile 3 The Moon 383(4)
Celestial Profile 4 Mercury 387(4)
Celestial Profile 5 Venus 391(6)
Celestial Profile 6 Mars 397(14)
Celestial Profile 7 Jupiter 411(8)
Celestial Profile 8 Saturn 419(6)
Celestial Profile 9 Uranus 425(6)
Celestial Profile 10 Neptune 431(25)
Part 5: Life
Life on Other Worlds 456(19)
The Nature of Life 458(4)
The Origin of Life 462(6)
Communication with Distant Civilizations 468
Windows on Science
The Nature of Scientific Explanation 458(11)
UFOs and Space Aliens 469
Concept Art Portfolios
DNA: The Code of Life 461(14)
Afterword 475(2)
Appendix A Units and Astronomical Data 477(10)
Appendix B Observing the Sky 487(13)
Glossary 500(8)
Answers to Even-Numbered Problems 508(1)
Index 509