Psychology : Themes and Variations (7 PCK)

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Psychology : Themes and Variations (7 PCK)

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  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780495093039
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Table of Contents

    The Evolution of Psychology                    1  (35)
From Speculation to Science: How 2 (14)
Psychology Developed
A New Science Is Born: The
Contributions of Wundt and Hall
The Battle of the ``Schools'' Begins:
Structuralism Versus Functionalism
Freud Brings the Unconscious into the
Picture
Watson Alters Psychology's Course as
Behaviorism Makes Its Debut
Skinner Questions Free Will as
Behaviorism Flourishes
The Humanists Revolt
Psychology Comes of Age as a Profession
Psychology Returns to Its Roots:
Renewed Interest in Cognition and
Physiology
Psychology Broadens Its Horizons:
Increased Interest in Cultural Diversity
Psychology Adapts: The Emergence of
Evolutionary Psychology Psychology
Moves in a Positive Direction
Illustrated Overview of Psychology's 16 (2)
History
Psychology Today: Vigorous and Diversified 18 (3)
Research Areas in Psychology
Professional Specialties in Psychology
Seven Unifying Themes 21 (5)
Themes Related to Psychology as a Field
of Study Themes Related to Psychology's
Subject Matter
Personal Application Improving Academic 26 (6)
Performance
Developing Sound Study Habits
Improving Your Reading
Getting More Out of Lectures
Improving Test-Taking Strategies
Critical Thinking Application Developing 32 (2)
Critical Thinking Skills: An Introduction
The Need to Teach Critical Thinking An
Example
Recap 34 (1)
Practice Test 35 (1)
The Resarch Enterprise in Psychology 36 (36)
Looking for Laws: The Scientific Approach 37 (5)
to Behavior
Goals of the Scientific Enterprise
Steps in a Scientific Investigation
Advantages of the Scientific Approach
Looking for Causes: Experimental Research 42 (4)
Independent and Dependent Variables
Experimental and Control Groups
Extraneous Variables
Variations in Designing Experiments
Featured Study The Emotional Fallout of 46 (2)
Expected and Unexpected Outcomes
Advantages and Disadvantages of
Experimental Research
Looking for Links: 48 (4)
Descriptive/Correlational Research
Naturalistic Observation
Case Studies
Surveys
Advantages and Disadvantages of
Descriptive/Correlational Research
Looking for Conclusions: Statistics and 52 (5)
Research
Descriptive Statistics
Inferential Statistics
Looking for Flaws: Evaluating Research 57 (3)
Sampling Bias
Placebo Effects
Distortions in Self-Report Data
Experimenter Bias
Looking at Ethics: Do the Ends Justify 60 (3)
the Means?
The Question of Deception
The Question of Animal Research
Ethical Principles in Research
Reflecting on the Chapter's Themes 63 (1)
Personal Application Finding and Reading 64 (4)
Journal Articles
The Nature of Technical Journals
Finding journal Articles
Reading Journal Articles
Critical Thinking Application The Perils 68 (2)
of Anecdotal Evidence: ``I Have a Friend
Who...''
Recap 70 (1)
Practice Test 71 (1)
The Biological Bases of Behavior 72 (46)
Communication in the Nervous System 73 (8)
Nervous Tissue: The Basic Hardware
The Neural Impulse: Using Energy to
Send Information
The Synapse: Where Neurons Meet
Neurotransmitters and Behavior
Organization of the Nervous System 81 (3)
The Peripheral Nervous System
The Central Nervous System
Looking Inside the Brain: Research Methods 84 (4)
Electrical Recordings
Lesioning
Electrical Stimulation of the Brain
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Brain-Imaging Procedures
Featured Study
Probing the Anatomy of Sexual Arousal 88 (1)
The Brain and Behavior 89 (7)
The Hindbrain
The Midbrain
The Forebrain
The Plasticity of the Brain
Right Brain/Left Brain: Cerebral 96 (3)
Laterality
Bisecting the Brain: Split-Brain
Research
Hemispheric Specialization in the
Intact Brain
The Endocrine System: Another Way to 99 (2)
Communicate
Heredity and Behavior: Is It All in the 101(5)
Genes?
Basic Principles of Genetics
Investigating Hereditary Influence:
Research Methods
The Interplay of Heredity and
Environment
The Evolutionary Bases of Behavior 106(4)
Darwin's Insights
Subsequent Refinements to Evolutionary
Theory
Behaviors as Adaptive Traits
Reflecting on the Chapter's Themes 110(1)
Personal Application Evaluating the 111(3)
Concept of ``Two Minds in One''
Cerebral Specialization and Cognitive
Processes Complexities and
Qualifications
Critical Thinking Application Building 114(2)
Better Brains: The Perils of Extrapolation
The Key Findings on Neural Development
The Tendency to Overextrapolate
Recap 116(1)
Practice Test 117(1)
Sensation and Perception 118(54)
Psychophysics: Basic Concepts and Issues 120(4)
Thresholds: Looking for Limits
Weighing the Differences: The JND
Signal-Detection Theory
Perception Without Awareness
Sensory Adaptation
Our Sense of Sight: The Visual System 124(20)
The Stimulus: Light
The Eye: A Living Optical Instrument
The Retina: The Brain's Envoy in the Eye
Vision and the Brain
Viewing the World in Color
Perceiving Forms, Patterns, and Objects
Perceiving Depth or Distance
Perceiving Geographical Slant
Featured Study
Why Hills Look Steeper Than They Are 144(5)
Perceptual Constancies in Vision
The Power of Misleading Cues: Visual
Illusions
Our Sense of Hearing: The Auditory System 149(5)
The Stimulus: Sound
Human Hearing Capacities
Sensory Processing in the Ear
Auditory Perception: Theories of Hearing
Auditory Localization: Perceiving
Sources of Sound
Our Chemical Senses: Taste and Smell 154(3)
Taste: The Gustatory System
Smell: The Olfactory System
Our Sense of Touch: Sensory Systems in 157(3)
the Skin
Feeling Pressure
Feeling Pain
Our Other Senses 160(1)
The Kinesthetic System
The Vestibular System
Reflecting on the Chapter's Themes 161(1)
Personal Application Appreciating Art and 162(6)
Illusion
Critical Thinking Application Recognizing 168(2)
Contrast Effects: It's All Relative
Recap 170(1)
Practice Test 171(1)
Variations in Consciousness 172(42)
On the Nature of Consciousness 174(1)
Variations in Levels of Awareness
The Evolutionary Roots of Consciousness
Consciousness and Brain Activity
Biological Rhythms and Sleep 175(3)
The Role of Circadian Rhythms
Ignoring Circadian Rhythms
Realigning Circadian Rhythms
The Sleep and Waking Cycle 178(6)
Cycling Through the Stages of Sleep
Age Trends in Sleep
Culture and Sleep
The Neural Bases of Sleep
The Evolutionary Bases of Sleep
Doing Without: Sleep Deprivation
Featured Study
Gauging the Impact of Sleep Deprivation 184(6)
on College Students
Problems in the Night: Sleep Disorders
The World of Dreams 190(4)
The Contents of Dreams
Links Between Dreams and Waking Life
Culture and Dreams
Theories of Dreaming
Hypnosis: Altered Consciousness or Role 194(3)
Playing?
Hypnotic Induction and Susceptibility
Hypnotic Phenomena
Theories of Hypnosis
Meditation: Pure Consciousness or 197(2)
Relaxation?
Physiological Correlates
Long-Term Benefits
Altering Consciousness with Drugs 199(7)
Principal Abused Drugs and Their Effects
Factors Influencing Drug Effects
Mechanisms of Drug Action
Drug Dependence
Drugs and Health
Reflecting on the Chapter's Themes 206(1)
Personal Application Addressing Practical 206(4)
Questions About Sleep and Dreams
Common Questions About Sleep
Common Questions About Dreams
Critical Thinking Application Is 210(2)
Alcoholism a Disease? The Power of
Definitions
The Power to Make Definitions
Definitions, Labels, and Circular
Reasoning
Recap 212(1)
Practice Test 213(1)
Learning 214(44)
Classical Conditioning 216(8)
Pavlov's Demonstration: ``Psychic
Reflexes''
Terminology and Procedures
Classical Conditioning in Everyday Life
Basic Processes in Classical
Conditioning
Operant Conditioning 224(14)
Thorndike's Law of Effect
Skinner's Demonstration: It's All a
Matter of Consequences
Terminology and Procedures
Basic Processes in Operant Conditioning
Reinforcement: Consequences That
Strengthen Responses
Schedules of Reinforcement
Positive Reinforcement Versus Negative
Reinforcement
Punishment: Consequences That Weaken
Responses
Changing Directions in the Study of 238(5)
Conditioning
Recognizing Biological Constraints on
Conditioning
Recognizing Cognitive Processes in
Conditioning
Observational Learning 243(2)
Basic Processes
Acquisition Versus Performance
Observational Learning and the Media
Violence Controversy
Featured Study The Power of Modeling: 245(3)
What They See Is What You Get
Illustrated Overview of Three Types of 248(2)
Learning
Reflecting on the Chapter's Themes 250(1)
Personal Application Achieving 250(4)
Self-Control Through Behavior Modification
Specifying Your Target Behavior
Gathering Baseline Data
Designing Your Program
Executing and Evaluating Your Program
Ending Your Program
Critical Thinking Application 254(2)
Manipulating Emotions: Pavlov and
Persuasion
Classical Conditioning in Advertising
Classical Conditioning in Business
Negotiations
Classical Conditioning in the World of
Politics
Becoming More Aware of Classical
Conditioning Processes
Recap 256(1)
Practice Test 257(1)
Human Memory 258(40)
Encoding: Getting Information into Memory 260(3)
The Role of Attention
Levels of Processing
Enriching Encoding
Storage: Maintaining Information in Memory 263(5)
Sensory Memory
Short-Term Memory
Long-Term Memory
Featured Study
How Accurate Are Flashbulb Memories? 268(5)
Are Short-Term Memory and Long-Term
Memory Really Separate?
How Is Knowledge Represented and
Organized in Memory?
Retrieval: Getting Information out of 273(3)
Memory
Using Cues to Aid Retrieval
Reinstating the Context of an Event
Reconstructing Memories and the
Misinformation Effect
Source Monitoring and Reality Monitoring
Forgetting: When Memory Lapses 276(9)
How Quickly We Forget: Ebbinghaus's
Forgetting Curve
Measures of Forgetting
Why We Forget
The Recovered Memories-Controversy
In Search of the Memory Trace: The 285(3)
Physiology of Memory
The Biochemistry of Memory
The Neural Circuitry of Memory
The Anatomy of Memory
Systems and Types of Memory 288(2)
Declarative Versus Procedural Memory
Semantic Versus Episodic Memory
Prospective Versus Retrospective Memory
Reflecting on the Chapter's Themes 290(1)
Personal Application Improving Everyday 291(3)
Memory
Engage in Adequate Rehearsal
Schedule Distributed Practice and
Minimize Interference
Engage in Deep Processing and Organize
Information
Enrich Encoding with Verbal Mnemonics
Enrich Encoding with Visual Mnemonics
Critical Thinking Application 294(2)
Understanding the Fallibility of
Eyewitness Accounts
The Contribution of Hindsight Bias
The Contribution of Overconfidence
Strategies to Reduce Overconfidence
Recap 296(1)
Practice Test 297(1)
Language and Thought 298(36)
Language: Turning Thoughts into Words 300(10)
What Is Language?
The Structure of Language
Milestones in Language Development
Learning More Than One Language:
Bilingualism
Can Animals Develop Language?
Language in Evolutionary Context
Theories of Language Acquisition
Culture, Language, and Thought
Problem Solving: In Search of Solutions 310(8)
Types of Problems
Barriers to Effective Problem
Solving
Approaches to Problem Solving
Culture, Cognitive Style, and Problem
Solving
Decision Making: Choices and Chances 318(5)
Making Choices: Selecting an Alternative
Taking Chances: Factors Weighed in
Risky Decisions
Heuristics in judging Probabilities
The Tendency to Ignore Base Rates
The Conjunction Fallacy
The Alternative Outcomes Effect
Featured Study Even Objective 323(3)
Probabilities Are Subjective
Evolutionary Analyses of Flaws in Human
Decision Making Fast and Frugal
Heuristics
Reflecting on the Chapter's Themes 326(1)
Personal Application Understanding 327(3)
Pitfalls in Reasoning About Decisions
The Gambler's Fallacy
Overestimating the Improbable
Confirmation Bias
The Overconfidence Effect
The Effects of Framing
Critical Thinking Application Shaping 330(2)
Thought with Language: ``Only a Naive
Moron Would Believe That''
Semantic Slanting
Name Calling
Recap 332(1)
Practice Test 333(1)
Intelligence and Phychological Testing 334(40)
Key Concepts in Psychological Testing 336(5)
Principal Types of Tests
Standardization and Norms
Reliability
Validity
The Evolution of Intelligence Testing 341(2)
Galton's Studies of Hereditary Genius
Binet's Breakthrough
Terman and the Stanford-Binet
Wechsler's Innovations
Intelligence Testing Today
Basic Questions About Intelligence Testing 343(6)
What Kinds of Questions Are on
Intelligence Tests?
What Do Modern IQ Scores Mean?
Do Intelligence Tests Measure Potential
or Knowledge?
Do Intelligence Tests Have Adequate
Reliability?
Do Intelligence Tests Have Adequate
Validity?
Do Intelligence Tests Predict
Vocational Success?
Are IQ Tests Widely Used in Other
Cultures?
Extremes of Intelligence 349(3)
Mental Retardation
Giftedness
Heredity and Environment as Determinants 352(7)
of Intelligence
Evidence for Hereditary Influence
Evidence for Environmental Influence
The Interaction of Heredity and
Environment
Cultural Differences in IQ Scores
Featured Study Racial Stereotypes and 359(2)
Test Performance
New Directions in the Assessment and 361(4)
Study of Intelligence
Exploring Biological Indexes and
Correlates of Intelligence
Investigating Cognitive Processes in
Intelligent Behavior
Expanding the Concept of Intelligence
Measuring Emotional Intelligence
Reflecting on the Chapter's Themes 365(1)
Personal Application Understanding 366(4)
Creativity
The Nature of Creativity
Measuring Creativity
Correlates of Creativity
Critical Thinking Application The 370(2)
Intelligence Debate, Appeals to
Ignorance, and Reification
Appeal to Ignorance
Reification
Recap 372(1)
Practice Test 373(1)
Motivation and Emotion 374(42)
Motivational Theories and Concepts 376(2)
Drive Theories
Incentive Theories
Evolutionary Theories
The Range and Diversity of Human Motives
The Motivation of Hunger and Eating 378(7)
Biological Factors in the Regulation of
Hunger
Environmental Factors in the Regulation
of Hunger
Eating and Weight: The Roots of Obesity
Sexual Motivation and Behavior 385(5)
Determinants of Sexual Desire
Evolutionary Analyses of Human Sexual
Behavior
Featured Study Evolution, Culture, and 390(6)
Mating Priorities
The Mystery of Sexual Orientation
The Human Sexual Response
Achievement: In Search of Excellence 396(2)
Individual Differences in the Need for
Achievement
Situational Determinants of Achievement
Behavior
The Elements of Emotional Experience 398(7)
The Cognitive Component: Subjective
Feelings
The Physiological Component: Diffuse
and Multifaceted
The Behavioral Component: Nonverbal
Expressiveness
Culture and the Elements of Emotion
Theories of Emotion 405(2)
James-Lange Theory
Cannon-Bard Theory
Schachter's Two-Factor Theor
Evolutionary Theories of Emotion
Reflecting on the Chapter's Themes 407(1)
Personal Application Exploring the 408(4)
Ingredients of Happiness
How Happy Are People?
Factors That Do Not Predict Happiness
Moderately Good Predictors of Happiness
Strong Predictors of Happiness
Conclusions About Subjective Well-Being
Critical Thinking Application Analyzing 412(2)
Arguments: Making Sense out of Controversy
The Anatomy of an Argument
Common Fallacies
Evaluating the Strength of Arguments
Recap 414(1)
Practice Test 415(1)
Human Development Across the Life Span 416(52)
Progress Before Birth: Prenatal 418(5)
Development
The Course of Prenatal Development
Environmental Factors and Prenatal
Development
The Wondrous Years of Childhood 423(15)
Exploring the World: Motor Development
Easy and Difficult Babies: Differences
in Temperament
Early Emotional Development: Attachment
Becoming Unique: Personality Development
The Growth of Thought: Cognitive
Development
Featured Study
Can Infants Do Arithmetic? 438(4)
The Development of Moral Reasoning
The Transition of Adolescence 442(5)
Physiological and Neural Changes
Time of Turmoil?
The Search for Identity
The Expanse of Adulthood 447(7)
Personality Development
Transitions in Family Life
Aging and Physical Changes
Aging and Cognitive Changes
illustrated Overview of Human Development 454(4)
Reflecting on the Chapter's Themes 458(1)
Personal Application Understanding Gender 459(5)
Differences
How Do the Sexes Differ in Behavior?
Biological Origins of Gender Differences
Environmental Origins of Gender
Differences Conclusion
Critical Thinking Application
Are Fathers Essential to Children's 464(2)
Well-Being?
The Basic Argument
Evaluating the Argument
Recap 466(1)
Practice Test 467(1)
Personality: Theory, Research, and 468(42)
Assessment
The Nature of Personality 470(2)
Defining Personality: Consistency and
Distinctiveness
Personality Traits: Dispositions and
Dimensions
The Five-Factor Model of Personality
Traits
Psychodynamic Perspectives 472(9)
Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory
Jung's Analytical Psychology
Adler's Individual Psychology
Evaluating Psychodynamic Perspectives
Behavioral Perspectives 481(2)
Skinner's Ideas Applied to Personality
Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory
Featured Study Can Rooms Really Have 483(4)
Personality?
Mischel and the Person-Situation
Controversy
Evaluating Behavioral Perspectives
Humanistic Perspectives 487(4)
Rogers's Person-Centered Theory
Maslow's Theory of Self-Actualization
Evaluating Humanistic Perspectives
Biological Perspectives 491(3)
Eysenck's Theory
Behavioral Genetics and Personality
The Evolutionary Approach to Personality
Illustrated Overview of Major Theories of 494(3)
Personality
Evaluating Biological Perspectives
A Contemporary Empirical Approach: Terror 497(2)
Management Theory
Essentials of Terror Management Theory
Applications of Terror Management Theory
Culture and Personality 499(2)
Reflecting on the Chapter's Themes 501(1)
Personal Application Understanding 502(4)
Personality Assessment
Self-Report Inventories
Projective Tests
Critical Thinking Application Hindsight 506(2)
in Everyday Analyses of Personality
The Prevalence of Hindsight Bias
Hindsight and Personality
Other Implications of ``20/20
Hindsight''
Recap 508(1)
Practice Test 509(1)
Stress, Coping, and Health 510(40)
The Nature of Stress 512(5)
Stress as an Everyday Event
Appraisal: Stress Lies in the Eye of
the Beholder
Major Types of Stress
Responding to Stress 517(8)
Emotional Responses
Physiological Responses
Behavioral Responses
The Effects of Stress on Psychological 525(2)
Functioning
Impaired Task Performance
Burnout
Psychological Problems and Disorders
Positive Effects
The Effects of Stress on Physical Health 527(3)
Personality, Hostility, and Heart
Disease
Emotional Reactions, Depression, and
Heart Disease
Featured Study Is Depression a Risk 530(3)
Factor for Heart Disease?
Stress, Other Diseases, and Immune
Functioning Sizing Up the Link Between
Stress and Illness
Factors Moderating the Impact of Stress 533(1)
Social Support
Optimism and Conscientiousness
Health-Impairing Behavior 534(4)
Smoking
Poor Nutritional Habits
Lack of Exercise
Alcohol and Drug Use
Behavior and AIDS
How Does Health-Impairing Behavior
Develop?
Reactions to Illness 538(2)
Deciding to Seek Treatment
Communicating with Health Providers
Adhering to Medical Advice
Reflecting on the Chapter's Themes 540(1)
Personal Application Improving Coping and 541(5)
Stress Management
Reappraisal: Ellis's Rational Thinking
Using Humor as a Stress Reducer
Releasing Pent-Up Emotions
Managing Hostility and Forgiving Others
Learning to Relax
Minimizing Physiological Vulnerability
Critical Thinking Application Thinking 546(2)
Rationally About Health Statistics and
Decisions
Evaluating Statistics on Health Risks
Thinking Systematically About Health
Decisions
Recap 548(1)
Practice Test 549(1)
Psychological Disorders 550(44)
Abnormal Behavior: Myths, Realities, and 551(6)
Controversies
The Medical Model Applied to Abnormal
Behavior
Criteria of Abnormal Behavior
Stereotypes of Psychological Disorders
Psychodiagnosis: The Classification of
Disorders
The Prevalence of Psychological
Disorders
Anxiety Disorders 557(5)
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Phobic Disorder
Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Etiology of Anxiety Disorders
Somatoform Disorders 562(2)
Somatization Disorder
Conversion Disorder
Hypochondriasis
Etiology of Somatoform Disorders
Dissociative Disorders 564(2)
Dissociative Amnesia and Fugue
Dissociative Identity Disorder
Etiology of Dissociative Disorders
Mood Disorders 566(5)
Major Depressive Disorder
Bipolar Disorder
Etiology of Mood Disorders
Featured Study Does Negative Thinking 571(2)
Cause Depression?
Schizophrenic Disorders 573(7)
General Symptoms
Subtypes, Course, and Outcome
Etiology of Schizophrenia
Personality Disorders 580(2)
Diagnostic Problems
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Illustrated Overview of Three Categories 582(2)
of Psychological Disorders
Psychological Disorders and the Law 584(1)
Insanity
Involuntary Commitment
Culture and Pathology 585(1)
Are Equivalent Disorders Found Around
the World?
Are Symptom Patterns Culturally
Invariant?
Reflecting on the Chapter's Themes 586(1)
Personal Application Understanding Eating 587(3)
Disorders
Description
History and Prevalence
Etiology of Eating Disorders
Critical Thinking Application Working 590(2)
With Probabilities in Thinking About
Mental Illness
Recap 592(1)
Practice Test 593(1)
Treatment of Psychological Disorders 594(38)
The Elements of the Treatment Process 596(3)
Treatments: How Many Types Are There?
Clients: Who Seeks Therapy?
Therapists: Who Provides Professional
Treatment?
Insight Therapies 599(7)
Psychoanalysis
Client-Centered Therapy
Group Therapy
How Effective Are Insight Therapies?
How Do Insight Therapies Work?
Behavior Therapies 606(4)
Systematic Desensitization
Aversion Therapy
Social Skills Training
Cognitive-Behavioral Treatments
How Effective Are Behavior Therapies?
Biomedical Therapies 610(5)
Treatment with Drugs
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
Current Trends and Issues in Treatment 615(1)
Grappling with the Constraints of
Managed Care
Illustrated Overview of Five Major 616(3)
Approaches to Treatment
Blending Approaches to Treatment
Featured Study Combining Insight Therapy 619(2)
and Medication
Increasing Multicultural Sensitivity in
Treatment
Institutional Treatment in Transition 621(3)
Disenchantment with Mental Hospitals
Deinstitutionalization
Mental Illness, the Revolving Door, and
Homelessness
Reflecting on the Chapter's Themes 624(1)
Personal Application Looking for a 625(3)
Therapist
Where Do You Find Therapeutic Services?
Is the Therapist's Profession or Sex
Important?
Is Treatment Always Expensive?
Is the Therapist's Theoretical Approach
Important?
What Should You Look for in a
Prospective Therapist?
What Is Therapy Like?
Critical Thinking Application From Crisis 628(2)
to Wellness--- But Was It the Therapy?
Recap 630(1)
Practice Test 631(1)
Social Behavior 632
Person Perception: Forming Impressions of 634(3)
Others
Effects of Physical Appearance
Cognitive Schemas
Stereotypes
Subjectivity in Person Perception
An Evolutionary Perspective on Bias in
Person Perception
Attribution Processes: Explaining Behavior 637(5)
Internal Versus External Attributions
Attributions for Success and Failure
Bias in Attribution Culture and
Attributional Tendencies
Close Relationships: Liking and Loving 642(7)
Key Factors in Attraction Perspectives
on the Mystery of Love Culture and
Close Relationships An Evolutionary
Perspective on Attraction
Attitudes: Making Social Judgments 649(7)
Components and Dimensions of Attitudes
Attitudes and Behavior Trying to Change
Attitudes: Factors in Persuasion
Theories of Attitude Formation and
Change
Conformity and Obedience: Yielding to 656(2)
Others
Conformity Obedience
Featured Study ``I Was Just Following 658(4)
Orders''
Cultural Variations in Conformity and
Obedience The Power of the Situation:
The Stanford Prison Simulation
Behavior in Groups: Joining with Others 662(5)
Behavior Alone and in Groups: The Case
of the Bystander Effect Group
Productivity and Social Loafing
Decision Making in Groups
Reflecting on the Chapter's Themes 667(1)
Personal Application Understanding 667(5)
Prejudice
Stereotyping and Subjectivity in Person
Perception Biases in Attribution
Forming and Preserving Prejudicial
Attitudes Competition Between Groups
Dividing the World into Ingroups and
Outgroups Threats to Social Identity
Critical Thinking Application Whom Can 672(2)
You Trust? Analyzing Credibility and
Influence Tactics
Evaluating Credibility Recognizing
Social Influence Strategies
Recap 674(1)
Practice Test 675
Appendix A Answers to Concept Checks 1
Appendix B Statistical Methods 7
Appendix C Industrial/Organizational Psychology 15
Appendix D Careers in Psychology 30
Appendix E Critical Thinking About Internet 35
Research Sources: What Students Need to Know
Glossary 1
References 1
Name Index 1 (1)
Subject Index 1
Credits 1