Part 1 Introduction, John E. Morrison: changes to conceptual underpinnings; changes to the nature of work; issues in training research. Part 2 Skill acquisition, John Annett: analysis of problems; evidence of learning; theories of skill aquisition; neural bases of motor learning; summary and conclusions. Part 3 Skill retention, Joel D. Schendel and Joseph D. Hagman: task variables; procedural variables; learner variables; predicting retention; summary and conclusions. Part 4 Transfer of training, Dennis H. Holding: basic designs; measurement of transfer; traditional issues; special problems; explanations of transfer; summary and conclusions. Part 5 Types of analysis, J. Patrick: the role of analysis; types of analysis; task-oriented approaches; psychological taxonomies; knowledge representation; summary and conclusions. Part 6 Instructional strategies, Gavan Lintern: theoretical perspective; empirical perspective; issues; part training; adaptive training; flight simulation; discussion; summary and conclusions. Part 7 Trainee characteristics, Phillip L. Ackerman and Patrick C. Kyllonen: basic concepts; acquisition of perceptual-motor skills; acquisition of knowledge and cognitive skills; learner characteristics in the context of a "taxonomy of learning skills"; aptitude-treatment interaction theory and research; summary and conclusions. Part 8 Training media and technology, Greg Kearsley: audiovisual media; computer based learning; simulators; choosing media and technologies; implementation issues; summary and conclusions. Part 9 Organizational and social factors, Gary P. Latham and Susan R. Crandall: organizational culture; organization-wide factors; social factors; summary and conclusions. Part 10 Review and outlook, Dennis H. Holding and John E. Morrison.