科学・技術文章の書き方(第2版)<br>Science and Technical Writing : A Manual of Style (2 SUB)

個数:
電子版価格 ¥4,559
  • 電書あり

科学・技術文章の書き方(第2版)
Science and Technical Writing : A Manual of Style (2 SUB)

  • 提携先の海外書籍取次会社に在庫がございます。通常2週間で発送いたします。
    重要ご説明事項
    1. 納期遅延や、ご入手不能となる場合が若干ございます。
    2. 複数冊ご注文の場合、分割発送となる場合がございます。
    3. 美品のご指定は承りかねます。
  • ≪洋書のご注文につきまして≫ 「海外取次在庫あり」および「国内仕入れ先からお取り寄せいたします」表示の商品でも、納期の目安期間内にお届けできないことがございます。あらかじめご了承ください。

  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 427 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780415925501
  • DDC分類 808.0666

基本説明

Contents: Audience Analysis and Documents Planning; Grammar, Usage, and Revising for Publication; Punctuating Scientific and Technical Prose; Using Numbers and Symbols; and more.

Full Description


With this new edition, Science and Technical Writing confirms its position as the definitive style resource for thousands of established and aspiring technical writers. Editor Philip Rubens has fully revised and updated his popular 1992 edition, with full, authoritative coverage of the techniques and technologies that have revolutionized electronic communications over the past eight years.

Table of Contents

        List of Exhibits                           xxxi
Contributors xxxiii
Preface xxxv
Audience Analysis and Document Planning 1 (30)
Analyzing an Audience 1 (2)
Conducting an Audience Analysis 1 (1)
Identifying Audience Characteristics 2 (1)
Assessing Audience Objectives and Needs 2 (1)
Creating an Audience Profile 3 (1)
Analyzing the Information 3 (6)
Identifying Information Characteristics 3 (1)
Identifying Information Characteristics 3 (1)
Purpose and Structure 4 (1)
Assumptions about Audience Training 4 (1)
Frequency and Pattern of Use 4 (1)
Textual Features 4 (1)
Classifying Documents by Type 5 (1)
Using Information Characteristics to 5 (1)
Define Documents
Defining Marketing Documents 6 (1)
Defining Conceptual Documents 6 (1)
Defining Procedural Documents 6 (1)
Defining Tutorials 7 (1)
Defining Job Aids 7 (1)
Defining Referential Documents 8 (1)
Using a Typology to Guide Document 8 (1)
Development
Determining the Appropriate Medium 9 (15)
Articles 11 (1)
Booklets 11 (1)
Brochures 11 (1)
Newsletters 12 (1)
Correspondence 12 (1)
Letters 12 (1)
Memoranda 13 (1)
Electronic Mail (E-Mail) 13 (1)
Manuals (Guides) 13 (1)
Tutorial/Training Guides 14 (1)
User Guides/Operator Manuals 15 (1)
Reference Manuals 16 (1)
User Reference Manuals 16 (1)
Job Aids 16 (1)
Reports 17 (1)
Scientific Research Reports 17 (1)
Business Research Reports 18 (1)
Progress/Status Reports 18 (1)
Proposals 18 (1)
Feasibility Studies 19 (1)
Help Systems 20 (1)
Wizards 21 (1)
Websites 21 (1)
Site Elements 22 (1)
Site Types 23 (1)
Site Access 23 (1)
Planning a Document's Content 24 (7)
Collecting Information about the Subject 24 (1)
Analyzing Written Source Material 24 (1)
Interviewing Sources 25 (1)
Conducting a Hands-on Evaluation 26 (1)
Selecting an Organizational Method 26 (1)
Preparing an Outline 27 (4)
Writing for Non-native Audiences 31 (32)
Minimum Word Strategy 32 (1)
Controlled English 32 (1)
Global English 33 (30)
General Sentence Structure Guidelines 34 (1)
Use Short, Simple Sentences 34 (1)
Say What You Mean 34 (1)
Simplify Verb Phrases and Tenses 35 (1)
Untangle Long Noun Phrases 35 (1)
Make Sure It Is Clear What Each Pronoun 36 (1)
Is Referring To
Place a One-Word Modifier in front of the 36 (1)
Word That It Modifies
Make Sure It Is Obvious What Each 37 (1)
Prepositional Phrase Is Modifying
Make Sure It Is Clear What Each Relative 37 (1)
Clause Is Modifying
Make Sure It Is Obvious What Each 38 (1)
Infinitive Phrase Is Modifying
Consider Fronting Prepositional Phrases 38 (1)
and Other Sentence Constitutents
Make Each Sentence Syntactically and 39 (1)
Semantically Complete
Avoid Unusual Grammatical Constructions 39 (1)
The ``Get'' Passive 39 (1)
Causative ``Have'' and ``Get'' 39 (1)
``Given'' and ``Given That'' 40 (1)
``In That'' 40 (1)
``Should'' as a Conditional Tense Modal 40 (1)
Verb
``Need Not'' 41 (1)
Inverted Sentences 41 (1)
Beware of Inherently Ambiguous 41 (1)
Constructions
``Require'' + an Infinitive or ``Need'' + 41 (1)
an Infinitive
``Must Have Been'' 42 (1)
Avoid Adverbial Interrupters 42 (1)
Use Standard, Conventional English 43 (1)
Use Standard verb Complements 43 (1)
Do Not Use Transitive Verbs 44 (1)
Intransitively, or Vice Versa
Do Not Violate Semantic Restrictions 45 (1)
Use Singulars and Plurals Appropriately 46 (1)
Use the Article ``the'' Only When It Is 46 (1)
Clear Which Instance of the Following
Noun You Are Referring To
Syntactic Cues Procedure Guidelines 47 (1)
Do Not Write Telegraphically 48 (1)
Consider Expanding Past Participles into 48 (1)
Relative Clauses
Consider Editing Present Participles 49 (2)
Search for All Occurrences of the Word 51 (2)
``And''
Search for All Occurrences of ``Or'' 53 (1)
Look for Long Noun Phrases 54 (1)
Look for Specific Verb Forms 54 (1)
Look for ``Give'' and ``Assign'' as Verbs 54 (1)
Look for the Word ``If'' 54 (1)
Consider Expanding Adjectives into 55 (1)
Relative Clauses
Terminology Guidelines 55 (1)
Develop a Multilingual Terminology 55 (1)
Database
Each Word Should Have Only One Meaning 56 (1)
Standardize your Terminology 57 (1)
Do Not Use Synonyms 57 (1)
Use Conventional Word Combinations and 57 (1)
Phrases
Standardize Your Use of Prepositions 57 (1)
Avoid Using Words and Phrases That Have 58 (1)
Multiple Common Meanings
Avoid Using Idiomatic Two- or Three-Word 58 (1)
Verbs
Avoid Using a Phrase When There Is a 58 (1)
Single Word That You Could Use Instead
Avoid Slang and Colloquialisms 59 (1)
Avoid Using Figurative Language 59 (1)
Avoid Humor, Satire, and Irony 59 (1)
Avoid Referring to Culture-Specific Ideas 59 (1)
Use Nouns as Nouns, Verbs as Verbs, and 60 (1)
So On
Do Not Use Verbs as Nouns 60 (1)
Do Not Add Verb Suffixes to Nouns, 60 (1)
Conjunctions, and Adjectives
Do Not Use Adjectives as Nouns 60 (1)
Beware of Words That May Be Grammatically 61 (2)
or Semantically Incomplete
Grammar, Usage, and Revising for Publication 63 (22)
Grammar Basics 63 (4)
Phrase Types 63 (3)
Clause Types 66 (1)
Sentence Types 66 (1)
Common Problems in Grammar, Style, and Usage 67 (7)
Problems with Nouns 67 (1)
Abstract versus Concrete Nouns 67 (1)
Plural versus Possessive Nouns 67 (1)
Appositives and Parenthetical Definitions 68 (1)
Gerunds and Infinitives 68 (1)
Noun Stacks 68 (1)
Problems with Pronouns 69 (1)
The Problem with Pronoun References 69 (1)
Compound Pronoun Antecedents 69 (1)
Collective Nouns as Pronoun Antecedents 70 (1)
Problems with Second-Person Pronouns 70 (1)
Agreement of Pronouns 70 (1)
Sexist Language and Pronouns 70 (1)
Problems with Verbs 71 (1)
Verb Agreement with Collective Noun 71 (1)
Subjects
Verb Agreement with Subject Complements 71 (1)
Verb Agreement with Compound Subjects 71 (1)
Problems with Modifiers 72 (1)
Restricting, Intensifying, and Absolute 72 (1)
Modifiers
Adjective versus Adverb Forms 72 (1)
Misplaced Modifiers 73 (1)
Dangling Participles 73 (1)
Dangling Modifiers 74 (1)
Squinting Modifiers 74 (1)
Revision Strategies 74 (11)
Revision Strategy 1: Examining Components 75 (2)
Revision Strategy 2: Examining Basic 77 (1)
Grammar (``Triage'')
Revision Strategy 3: Eliminating Sentence 77 (1)
Faults
Dependent Clauses as Fragments 77 (1)
Phrases as Fragments 78 (1)
Run-on Sentences 78 (1)
Fragments as Used in Lists 78 (1)
Revision Strategy 4: Establishing 79 (1)
Consistency
Establishing Logical Transitions between 79 (1)
Grammatical Structures
Deleting Topical Shifts 80 (1)
Creating Parallelism 81 (4)
Punctuating Scientific and Technical Prose 85 (26)
Punctuation of Common Sentence Structures 85 (2)
Comma 87 (6)
Compound Sentence and Comma 87 (1)
Compound Predicate and Comma 87 (1)
Introductory Phrase or Clause Punctuated 87 (1)
with a Comma
Introductory Expression after Conjunction 88 (1)
and Comma
Restrictive Phrase or Clause and Comma 88 (1)
Participial Phrase as Subject and Comma 89 (1)
Items in Series and Comma 89 (1)
Phrases and Clauses in Series and Comma 89 (1)
Transitional Word or Phrase and Comma 89 (1)
Transposed Terms and Comma 90 (1)
Apposition and Comma 90 (1)
Contrasting Phrase and Comma 90 (1)
Deliberate Omissions and Comma 90 (1)
Similar or Identical Words and Comma 91 (1)
Two or More Adjectives in Series and Comma 91 (1)
Direct Quotations and Comma 91 (1)
Direct Questions and Comma 92 (1)
Dates and Comma 92 (1)
Specifying Names with Commas 92 (1)
Numbers and Commas 92 (1)
Reference Numbers and Commas 93 (1)
Semicolon 93 (1)
Semicolon and Clauses Joined without 93 (1)
Conjunction
Semicolon and Clauses Joined by 93 (1)
Conjunction
Transitional Adverbs and Semicolon 94 (1)
Transitional Terms and Semicolon 94 (1)
Elements in a Series and Semicolon 94 (1)
Colon 94 (2)
Elements in a Series and Colon 94 (1)
Amplification and Colon 95 (1)
Long Quotation and Colon 95 (1)
Ratios and Colon 95 (1)
Time of Day and Colon 95 (1)
Dash 96 (1)
Amplification or Illustration and Dash 96 (1)
Em Dash and Other Punctuation 96 (1)
Range of Numbers or Time and En Dash 96 (1)
Two-Noun Combinations and En Dash 97 (1)
Period 97 (2)
Vertical Lists and the Period 97 (1)
Abbreviations and Periods 98 (1)
Raised Periods 99 (1)
Ellipsis Points 99 (1)
Question Mark 99 (1)
Exclamation Point 100 (1)
Hyphen 100 (4)
Unit Modifier Containing Adjectives and 100 (1)
Hyphen
Unit Modifier Containing Number and Unit 101 (1)
of Measure
Unit Modifier Containing Adverb and Hyphen 101 (1)
Unit Modifier Containing a Proper Name 101 (1)
Unit Modifier Longer than Two Words 102 (1)
Single Letter and Hyphen 102 (1)
Foreign Phrase Used as Adjective 102 (1)
Predicate Adjective 102 (1)
Self-Compound and Hyphen 102 (1)
Suspended Hyphen 103 (1)
Numbers and Hyphens 103 (1)
Technical Terms and Hyphens 103 (1)
Prefixes and Suffixes and Hyphens 103 (1)
Slash 104 (1)
Apostrophe 105 (1)
Possessives and Apostrophes 105 (1)
Contractions and Apostrophes 105 (1)
Plurals and Apostrophes 105 (1)
Quotation Marks 106 (2)
Single versus Double Quotes 106 (1)
Placement of Quotes with Other Punctuation 106 (1)
Specialized Usage for Quotation Marks 107 (1)
So-Called Expressions 107 (1)
Parenthesis 108 (1)
Abbreviations and Parentheses 108 (1)
References and Parentheses (or Brackets) 108 (1)
Numbered Lists and Parentheses 108 (1)
Punctuating Parenthetical Comments 108 (1)
Brackets 109 (1)
Editorial Interjections and Brackets 109 (1)
Parentheses within Parentheses 109 (1)
Iconic Characters 109 (1)
Punctuating Equations 110 (1)
Using Acceptable Spelling 111 (14)
Good Spelling Practice 111 (2)
Preferred Spellings 111 (1)
Spelling Checkers 112 (1)
Plurals 113 (1)
Plurals of Foreign-Language Words 113 (1)
Singular/Plural Dilemma 114 (1)
Proper Names, Possessives, and Abbreviated 114 (1)
Terms
Compound Words and Hyphenation 115 (1)
Word Division 115 (1)
General Word Division Guidelines 115 (1)
Suffixes 116 (2)
Soft Endings (``-ce,'' ``-ge'') 116 (1)
The ``-y'' Ending 116 (1)
Consonant Endings 117 (1)
The ``-ceed,'' ``-sede,'' ``-cede'' Rule 117 (1)
Capitalization 118 (4)
Beginning Sentence 118 (1)
Listings 118 (1)
Parentheses 118 (1)
Quotations 119 (1)
Salutations and Closings 119 (1)
Book and Article Titles 119 (1)
Proper Nouns 119 (1)
Trade Names, Trademarks, Registered, and 120 (1)
Copyright
Computer Documentation 121 (1)
Troublesome Words 122 (3)
Sound (Homonyms)- and Look-Alike Words 122 (1)
Spelling Variations 122 (1)
American versus British Spelling 123 (1)
Easy Misspellings 123 (1)
Foreign Words 124 (1)
Incorporating Specialized Terminology 125 (36)
Abbreviations as Professional Shorthand 125 (8)
Style Guides for Abbreviated Terms 126 (1)
Abbreviated Terms in Technical and 127 (1)
Scientific Texts
Initialisms 127 (1)
Acronyms 128 (1)
Indirect Articles and Acronyms 128 (1)
Symbols 129 (1)
Arbitrary Changes in Symbols 129 (1)
Creating Suitable Abbreviations 129 (1)
Abbreviating Single Words 130 (1)
Abbreviating Two Consecutive Words 130 (1)
Frequency of Use for Abbreviated Terms 130 (1)
Explaining Abbreviated Terms 130 (1)
Formatting Abbreviated Terms 131 (1)
Beginning a Sentence with Abbreviated 131 (1)
Terms
Punctuating Abbreviated Forms 131 (1)
Periods in Abbreviated Forms 132 (1)
Slash in Abbreviated Forms 133 (1)
Apostrophe Plurals of Initialisms 133 (1)
Organization Names 133 (3)
Academic Organizations 133 (1)
Commercial Organizations 134 (1)
Government and Legislative Names 135 (1)
Societies and Associations 136 (1)
Military Terminology 136 (3)
Military Standards Related to Terminology 136 (1)
Aircraft Terminology 137 (1)
Armament 137 (1)
Naval Vessels 138 (1)
Surveillance Terms 138 (1)
Health and Medical Terms 139 (2)
Anatomical Terms 139 (1)
Diseases and Conditions 139 (1)
Drug Terminology 139 (1)
Infectious Organisms 140 (1)
Medical Equipment 140 (1)
Medical Procedures and Treatments 140 (1)
Vitamins and Minerals 140 (1)
Scientific Terms and Symbols 141 (10)
Astronomical Terms 141 (1)
Planets 141 (1)
Moons 142 (1)
Comets 142 (1)
Meteors 142 (1)
Constellations 142 (1)
Stars 143 (1)
Classes of Stars 144 (1)
Novas 144 (1)
Galaxies 144 (1)
Biological Terms 145 (1)
Chemistry Terminology 146 (1)
Elements 146 (2)
Chemical Compounds 148 (1)
Chemical Notation 148 (1)
Formulas 149 (1)
Geology Terms 149 (1)
Physics Terminology 150 (1)
Laws, Principles, and Theories 150 (1)
Phenomena 150 (1)
Atomic and Nuclear Particles 151 (1)
Technology Terms 151 (10)
Computer Terms 152 (1)
Trends in Terminology 152 (1)
Hardware Terminology 152 (1)
Software Terminology 153 (1)
Commercial Programs and Application 153 (1)
Packages
Personal Computer Software 153 (1)
Mainframe Computer Software 153 (1)
Releases and Versions of Products 154 (1)
Computer Commands 154 (1)
Computer Messages 154 (1)
Software Development Documentation 155 (1)
Programming Languages 155 (1)
Procedures 156 (1)
Electronics 157 (1)
Circuit Technologies 157 (1)
Passive Electronic Components 157 (1)
Active Electronic Components 158 (1)
Logic Circuits 158 (1)
Integrated Circuits 159 (1)
Telecommunications 160 (1)
Telecommunication Abbreviations and 160 (1)
Acronyms
Transmission and Control Characters 160 (1)
Device States 160 (1)
Using Numbers and Symbols 161 (32)
Using Numerals 161 (3)
Measurements 162 (1)
Mathematical Expressions 162 (1)
Decimals 162 (1)
Percentage 162 (1)
Proportion 163 (1)
Time Spans 163 (1)
Dates and Clock Time 163 (1)
Writing Fractions and Large Numbers 164 (1)
Writing Fractions and Mixed Numbers 164 (1)
Writing Large Numbers 164 (1)
Using Words to Express Numbers 165 (1)
Using Hyphens with Numbers 166 (2)
Using Scientific Notation 168 (1)
Comparing Powers of Ten 169 (1)
Numbers in Tables and Graphs 170 (1)
Reporting Significant Digits 171 (2)
Orders of Magnitude 173 (1)
Units of Measurement 173 (5)
Choosing a System of Units 173 (1)
Using SI Units and Symbols 174 (4)
Using Traditional Units 178 (1)
Choosing Appropriate Symbols 178 (5)
Mathematical Symbols 179 (1)
Arithmetic, Algebra, Number Theory 179 (1)
Trigonometric and Hyperbolic Functions 180 (1)
Elementary and Analytic Geometry 181 (1)
Calculus and Analysis 181 (1)
Logic and Set Theory 182 (1)
Statistics 182 (1)
Mathematical Typography 183 (2)
Use of Roman Type 184 (1)
Use of Italic Type 184 (1)
Use of Greek Letters 184 (1)
Use of Boldface 184 (1)
Handling Mathematical Expressions 185 (8)
Horizontal Spacing of Elements 185 (1)
Placement of Equations 186 (1)
Breaking Equations 187 (2)
Miscellaneous Typographic Details 189 (1)
Punctuating Mathematics 190 (3)
Using Quotations, Citations, and References 193 (28)
Legal Guidelines 194 (1)
Quotations 194 (14)
Quotation Usage 194 (1)
How to Use Quotations 195 (1)
When to Cite Quotations 195 (1)
When Not to Cite a Source 196 (1)
Types of Quotations 196 (1)
Types of Direct Quotations 196 (1)
Guidelines for Direct Quotations 197 (1)
Guidelines for Nonstandard Direct 197 (1)
Quotations
Epigraphs 197 (1)
Quoting Oral Sources 198 (1)
Quoting from Correspondence 198 (1)
Quoting within Footnotes 199 (1)
Foreign-Language Quotations 199 (1)
Guidelines for Indirect Quotes 199 (1)
Properly Setting Quotations in Text 200 (1)
Guidelines for Setting a Quotation within 200 (1)
the Text
Guidelines for Setting a Quotation within 200 (1)
the Text
Introducing Block (Set-off) Quotations 200 (1)
Informal Introduction 201 (1)
Formal Introduction 201 (1)
Introducing Indirect Quotations 202 (1)
Revising Quotations 202 (1)
Adding Material to Quotations 202 (1)
Omitting Parts of Block (Set-off) 203 (1)
Quotations
Omitting Parts of Run-in Quotations 204 (1)
Capitalization 205 (1)
Capitalizing Run-in Quotations 206 (1)
Capitalizing Block Quotations 206 (1)
Punctuation 206 (1)
Quotation Marks 207 (1)
Quotation Marks in Block (Set-off) 207 (1)
Quotations
Commas and Periods 207 (1)
Other Punctuation and Quotations 208 (1)
Citations, Notes, and References 208 (13)
Selecting an Appropriate Style Guide 209 (1)
Using a Supportive Database Program 210 (1)
Understanding the Basic Aspects of 210 (1)
Documentation
In-Text Citations 211 (1)
Complete Reference in Text 211 (2)
Illustrations and Data Displays as 213 (1)
In-Text Notes
Footnotes 213 (1)
Endnotes 214 (1)
Reference Lists 215 (1)
Bibliography 216 (1)
Citing Electronic Sources 217 (2)
Modern Language Association (MLA) 219 (1)
International Standard Organization ISO 219 (1)
690-2
American Psychological Association (APA) 219 (1)
Chicago Manual of Style 220 (1)
American Chemical Society (ACS) 220 (1)
American Medical Association (AMA) 220 (1)
Creating Indexes 221 (28)
Key Indexing Terms 221 (1)
Need for Indexes in Technical Material 222 (1)
The Goals of a Good Index 222 (1)
Planning an Index 223 (3)
The Audience 223 (1)
The Indexer 223 (1)
Planning the Index Length 224 (1)
Preparation Time and Indexing 224 (1)
Indexer's Style Guide and Keyword List 225 (1)
Filing Index Entries 226 (3)
Alphabetic versus Subject Indexes 226 (1)
Alphabetic Arrangements 227 (1)
General Rules for Alphabetizing 228 (1)
Index Format and Design 229 (3)
Indented or Paragraph Format 229 (1)
Indented 229 (1)
Paragraph 229 (1)
Layout Considerations 230 (1)
Type Choices 230 (1)
Punctuation Considerations 231 (1)
Format and Design Example 232 (1)
Indexing Procedure 232 (17)
An Overview of the Indexing Procedure 233 (1)
Determining What to Index 233 (1)
Matter to Omit 234 (1)
Using the Computer in Index Preparation 234 (1)
Word Processors and Alphabetized Lists 235 (1)
Word Processors and Embedded Indexing 235 (1)
Stand-Alone Index Composition Programs 236 (1)
Markup Languages and Indexes 237 (1)
Indexing with High-End Publishing Programs 237 (1)
Computer Indexing Conclusions 238 (1)
Writing and Editing Index Entries 239 (1)
Headings and Subheadings 240 (2)
Synonyms 242 (1)
Cross-References 242 (2)
Rules Governing Index Locators 244 (1)
Rules Governing Special Cases 244 (1)
Abbreviations and Acronyms 244 (1)
Accents, Apostrophes, and Diacritical 245 (1)
Marks
Foreign Terms 245 (1)
Latin Names 245 (1)
Entities and Alphabetic Ordering 245 (1)
Proper Names 245 (1)
Numerals 246 (1)
Symbols 246 (1)
Including an Introductory Note 247 (1)
Final Proofreading 247 (2)
Creating Nontextual Information 249 (20)
Electronically Acquiring, Processing, and 250 (5)
Printing or Displaying Illustrations
Acquiring Illustrations 250 (3)
Processing Illustrations 253 (1)
Printing or Displaying Illustrations 254 (1)
Selecting Illustrations 255 (5)
Photographs 256 (1)
Renderings 256 (1)
Line Drawings 257 (2)
Infographics 259 (1)
Symbols and Icons 259 (1)
Preparing Illustrations for Foreign 260 (1)
Audiences
Planning for Cultural Differences 260 (1)
Providing for Text Expansion 260 (1)
Using Symbols and Icons 261 (1)
Constructing Illustrations 261 (2)
Gathering Source Information 262 (1)
Working with the Artist 262 (1)
Printing Illustrations 263 (1)
Special Considerations for Producing 263 (6)
Illustrations
Type Legibility for Illustration Text 263 (1)
Positioning Illustrations 263 (1)
Selecting Views 264 (1)
Including a Hand 264 (1)
Highlighting 264 (2)
Numbering Illustrations 266 (1)
Labeling Illustrations 267 (1)
Captioning Illustrations 267 (1)
Subtitling Illustrations 268 (1)
Callouts 268 (1)
Illustration Notes 268 (1)
Creating Usable Data Displays 269 (82)
What Are Data Displays: Tables, Charts, and 269 (2)
Diagrams?
Which Should I Use 270 (1)
Characteristics of Data Displays 271 (2)
Legible 271 (1)
Integrated with Text 271 (1)
Easy-to-Locate Information 272 (1)
Complete Data Displays 272 (1)
Simple Data Displays 272 (1)
Accessible Data Displays 272 (1)
Numbering Data Displays 272 (1)
Primary Title for Data Displays 273 (1)
Subtitle for Data Displays 273 (1)
Using Technology to Create Data Displays 273 (2)
Tables 275 (23)
When to Use Tables 275 (1)
Parts of Tables 275 (1)
Column Headings 276 (1)
Column Subheadings 277 (1)
Column Numbers 278 (1)
Column Spanners 278 (2)
Field Spanners 280 (1)
Stub 281 (1)
Stub Head 281 (1)
Row Headings 281 (3)
Field 284 (1)
Rules 285 (1)
Row Rules 286 (1)
Column Rules 286 (1)
Table Border 286 (1)
Head-Stub-Field Separators 286 (1)
Side-by-Side Table Separators 287 (1)
Table Notes 287 (1)
Specific Notes 287 (1)
Table Contents 288 (1)
Text in Tables 289 (1)
Numbers as Table Content 289 (1)
Dates in Tables 290 (1)
Times in Tables 290 (1)
Ranges in Tables 291 (1)
Formulas in Tables 291 (1)
Graphics in Tables 292 (1)
Missing or Negligible Values in Tables 292 (1)
Repeated Values in Tables 292 (1)
Special Tabular Problems 293 (1)
Continued Tables 293 (1)
Referring to Tables 294 (1)
Oversize Tables 294 (1)
Abbreviations in Tables 294 (1)
Simplifying Comparisons in Tables 294 (1)
Grouping and Summarizing Data in Tables 295 (1)
Common Types of Tables 296 (1)
Look-Up-a-Value Tables 296 (1)
Decision Tables 297 (1)
Distance Tables 297 (1)
Matrix Charts 298 (1)
Charts 298 (45)
When to Use Charts 299 (1)
Characteristics of an Effective Chart 299 (1)
Coherent 299 (1)
Simple 299 (1)
Concise 300 (1)
Honest 301 (1)
Visually Attractive Charts 302 (1)
Fit Charts to the Medium 303 (1)
Parts of Charts 304 (1)
Data Values on Charts 305 (1)
Data Point Symbols for Charts 305 (2)
Area or Volume Designation for Charts 307 (1)
Symbols or Pictures for Charts 307 (1)
Curves and Lines in Charts 308 (1)
Line Weight for Chart Curves 309 (1)
Line Style in Charts 309 (1)
Curve Labels in Charts 309 (1)
Scales for Charts 310 (1)
Placing Scale Labels in Charts 311 (1)
Scale Divisions 312 (1)
Scale Ranges for Data Plotting 313 (1)
Scaling Function 313 (1)
Linear Function 313 (1)
Logarithmic Function 314 (1)
Geometric Function 314 (1)
Grid Lines 315 (1)
Reference of Base Line 315 (1)
Posted Data Values 315 (1)
Annotations 315 (1)
Inserts 316 (1)
Notes for Charts 317 (1)
Border or Frame for Charts 317 (1)
Keys and Legends for Charts 318 (1)
Special Topics and Effects 318 (1)
Size of Chart Typography 318 (1)
Weights of Chart Lines 319 (1)
Abbreviations 319 (1)
Patterns, Textures, and Shading 319 (1)
Color Combinations 320 (1)
Three-Dimensional Effects 321 (1)
Oblique Views 322 (1)
Thickness 322 (1)
Drop Shadows 323 (1)
Pictorial Elements 323 (1)
Overlays and Combinations 323 (1)
Referring to Charts 323 (1)
Common Types of Charts 324 (1)
Scale Charts 324 (1)
Scatter Charts 325 (1)
Triangular Charts 326 (1)
Circular Charts 326 (1)
Curve Charts 327 (1)
Frequency Distribution Charts 328 (1)
Cumulative Curve Charts 328 (1)
Surface Charts 329 (1)
Band Surface Charts 330 (1)
100 Percent Surface Charts 331 (1)
Net-Difference Surface Charts 331 (1)
Column and Bar Charts 332 (2)
High-Low Charts 334 (1)
100 Percent Column Chart 334 (1)
Histogram 335 (1)
Time Lines 335 (1)
Paired-Bar Charts 336 (1)
Sliding-Bar Charts 336 (1)
Column/Bar Chart Combinations 337 (1)
Grouped Column/Bar Charts 337 (1)
Divided Column/Bar Charts 338 (1)
Deviation Column/Bar Charts 339 (1)
Pictographic Column/Bar Charts 340 (1)
Pie Charts 340 (2)
Pictorial Pie 342 (1)
Separate Segment 343 (1)
Diagrams 343 (8)
Components of Diagrams 344 (1)
Symbols 344 (1)
Links 344 (2)
Patterns of Linkages 346 (1)
Common Types of Diagrams 347 (1)
Organization Charts 347 (1)
Flowcharts 348 (1)
Connection Maps 349 (1)
Dependency Diagrams 349 (2)
Designing Useful Documents 351 (38)
Designing a Document's Format 351 (1)
Using Technology to Support Document Design 352 (1)
Designing the Page and Screen 353 (11)
Page and Screen Size 354 (2)
White Space 356 (1)
Margins 357 (1)
Typefaces 357 (4)
Type Sizes 361 (1)
Leading (Line Spacing) 362 (1)
Line Width 362 (1)
Interactions of Type Size, Line Width, 362 (1)
and Leading
Highlighting Techniques 363 (1)
Page and Screen Elements 364 (2)
Page Numbering 364 (1)
Running Headers and Footers 364 (1)
Specialized Notices: Warnings, Cautions, 365 (1)
and Notes
Source Notes and References 365 (1)
Lists 366 (1)
Revision Notices 366 (1)
Page and Screen Grids 366 (2)
Designing Specific Information Types 368 (15)
Designing Brochures and Newsletters 368 (2)
Preparing a Paper or Article for 370 (1)
Publication
Title 371 (1)
Abstract 371 (1)
Introduction 371 (1)
Body 372 (1)
Conclusion 372 (1)
References 372 (1)
Designing a Technical Manual 372 (1)
Reader Access 373 (1)
Front Cover 373 (1)
Front Matter 373 (1)
Title Page 374 (1)
Copyright Page 374 (1)
Acknowledgments 374 (1)
Abstract or Preface 374 (1)
Table of Contents 374 (1)
List of Figures 374 (1)
About This Manual 374 (1)
Chapter or Section Divisions 375 (1)
Appendixes 375 (1)
Glossary 375 (1)
Indexes 375 (1)
Back Cover 375 (1)
Preparing A4 Bilingual and Multilingual 376 (1)
Documents
Separate Publications 376 (1)
Separate Joined Publications 376 (1)
Two-Column Side-by-Side Publications 377 (1)
Multicolumn Side-by-Side Publications 378 (1)
Designing On-Screen Information 379 (1)
Document Techniques and Information Class 379 (1)
Splash Page 380 (1)
Home Page 380 (1)
Section Pages 381 (1)
Linked and Archived Sources 381 (1)
Text: Static Information 381 (1)
Multimedia: Dynamic Information 382 (1)
Graphic Specification 382 (1)
Controlling Large Document Sets 383 (2)
Categorizing Information 383 (1)
Audience Analysis to Classify Documents 383 (1)
Frequency of Use to Classify Documents 384 (1)
Task Orientation to Classify Documents 384 (1)
System Configuration to Classify Documents 384 (1)
Making Information Accessible 384 (1)
Graphic Production Considerations 385 (4)
Preparing Camera-Ready Pages 385 (1)
Choosing Paper 386 (1)
Binding the Document 387 (1)
Wire Stitching 387 (1)
Mechanical Binding 387 (1)
Perfect Binding 388 (1)
Bibliography 389 (10)
Index 399