Humans : An Introduction to Four-Field Anthropology

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Humans : An Introduction to Four-Field Anthropology

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 244 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780415919845
  • DDC分類 301

Full Description


First Published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            ix
Chapter 1 Anthropology--A General 1 (12)
Introduction The four sub-fields of
anthropology. Definitions of the basic
concepts "humans" and "culture".
Chapter 2 Knowing What We Know Systematic 13 (10)
scientific knowledge contrasted with "popular
knowledge" that may be false or inconsistent;
the principle of cultural relativism that
seeks to understand the environmental and
historical factors influencing a particular
society's culture.
Chapter 3 Humans as a Biological Species 23 (14)
Principles of evolutionary biology, basic
genetics.
Chapter 4 The Primates Survey of the 37 (12)
evolution and diversity of primates.
Chapter 5 Development of the Genus Homo 49 (16)
Evolution of hominids to our present species.
Chapter 6 Variation in Homo Sapiens Human 65 (10)
geographical populations, the role of genetic
drift, adaptation, and the difference between
biological use of the term "race" and popular
American usage.
Chapter 7 Prehistory Part I: The 75 (40)
Paleolithic Part II: The Neolithic and
Urbanization Survey of human prehistory and
methods of discovering it.
Chapter 8 Analyzing Societies: Communicating 115(14)
Basic linguistics; the Sapir-Whorf
principle; metaphor in thinking;
socio-linguistics; Linton's distinction of
form/function/use/meaning.
Chapter 9 Analyzing Societies: (I.) Cultural 129(16)
Ecology The holistic perspective, including
the concept of habitus as praxis of society
and environment.
Chapter 10 Analyzing Societies: (II.) 145(24)
Economics The informal economy; principle
of reciprocity; social creation of value.
Chapter 11 Analyzing Societies: (III.) 169(30)
Regulating Societies Part I: Social
Organization and Power Part II: Kinship
Structures The dynamics of law, politics,
religion and kinship as multiple interlocking
means of regulating behavior within societies.
Chapter 12 Analyzing Societies: (IV.) 199(18)
Religion Religion as social charter; civil
religion; revitalization as process of
culture change; rites of passage.
Chapter 13 Conclusion: Looking Us Over 217(7)
Development of anthropology from nineteenth
century to present.
Finis 224(1)
Glossary 225(6)
To Follow up Your Interest: Further Readings 231(4)
Index 235