倫理:現代読本<br>Ethics : Contemporary Readings (Routledge Contemporary Readings in Philosophy)

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倫理:現代読本
Ethics : Contemporary Readings (Routledge Contemporary Readings in Philosophy)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 400 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780415256803
  • DDC分類 170

基本説明

The book complements Harry Gensler's Ethics: A Contemporary Introduction (Routledge, 1998).

Full Description


Ethicssubject, through carefully selected classic and contemporary articles. The book includes articles by the leading figures in the field and provides an excellent entry to the topic. The book complements Harry Gensler's Ethics: A Contemporary Introduction (Routledge, 1998).

Table of Contents

Preface                                            vii
Acknowledgments viii
Harry J. Gensler: Moral Philosophy 1 (24)
James C. Swindal and Earl W. Spurgin: The 25 (18)
History of Ethics
PART I: INITIAL APPROACHES TO MORALITY:
CULTURAL RELATIVISM, SUBJECTIVISM, AND
SUPERNATURALISM
Ruth Benedict: Defending Cultural Relativism 43 (7)
Harry J. Gensler and Mary Grace Tokmenko: 50 (8)
Against Cultural Relativism
David Hume: Ethical Claims Describe Feelings 58 (5)
Thomas Nagel: Ethical Claims Are Objective 63 (6)
C.S. Lewis: The Moral Law Is from God 69 (8)
The Bible: Love of God and Neighbor 77 (8)
PART II: FURTHER APPROACHES TO MORALITY:
INTUITIONISM, EMOTIVISM, AND PRESCRIPTIVISM
G.E. Moore: Irreducible Ethical Truths 85 (5)
W.D. Ross: Objective Prima Facie Duties 90 (10)
A.J. Ayer: Ethical Claims Express Feelings 100 (8)
J.L. Mackie: Values Are Subjective 108 (9)
R.M. Hare: Universal Prescriptions 117 (9)
Jean-Paul Sartre: An Existentialist Ethics 126 (13)
PART III: ETHICAL METHODOLOGY: JUSTIFYING MORAL
CLAIMS, THE GOLDEN RULE, AND TWO APPLICATIONS
William K. Frankena: Moral Justification 139 (7)
J gen Habermas: Discourse Ethics 146 (8)
Immanuel Kant: Ethics Is Based on Reason 154 (4)
Joyce Hertzler: The Golden Rule and Society 158 (9)
Paul Ricoeur: The Golden Rule and Religion 167 (6)
Friedrich Nietzsche: Master and Slave Morality 173 (5)
Martin Luther King: Racial Segregation 178 (8)
Lawrence Kohlberg: Moral Education 186 (11)
PART IV: NORMATIVE THEORY: CONSEQUENTIALISM,
NONCONSEQUENTIALISM, DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE, AND
VIRTUE
John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism 197 (5)
J.J.C. Smart: Defending Utilitarianism 202 (8)
Bernard Williams: Against Utilitarianism 210 (5)
Richard B. Brandt: Rule Utilitarianism 215 (6)
W.D. Ross: Objective Prima Facie Duties 221 (1)
John Finnis: Goods and Absolutes 222 (7)
John Rawls: A Theory of Justice 229 (6)
Robert Nozick: Justice and Goods 235 (5)
Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics 240 (9)
Alasdair MacIntyre: Virtue Ethics 249 (8)
Michael Slote: Rudiments of Virtue Ethics 257 (10)
PART V: APPLIED ETHICS: ABORTION AND OTHER
ISSUES
Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion 267 (8)
Sydney Callahan: Pro-life Feminism 275 (9)
Peter Singer: Animal Liberation 284 (9)
Onora O'Neill: A Kantian Approach to Famine 293 (9)
Relief
J. Baird Callicott: The Land Ethic 302 (7)
Index 309