経済学における個人、代理と価値<br>The Theory of the Individual in Economics : Identity and Value (Advances in Social Economics)

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経済学における個人、代理と価値
The Theory of the Individual in Economics : Identity and Value (Advances in Social Economics)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 240 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780415202190
  • DDC分類 330.019

基本説明

Crosses the traditional boundaries of economics and sheds new light on the distinction between positive and normative analysis in economics.

Full Description


The concept of the individual and his/her motivations is a bedrock of philosophy. All strands of thought at heart come down to a particular theory of the individual. Economics, though, is guilty of taking this hugely important concept without questioning how we theorise it. This superb book remedies this oversight.The new approach put forward by Davis is to pay more attention to what moral philosophy may offer us in the study of personal identity, self consciousness and will. This crosses the traditional boundaries of economics and will shed new light on the distinction between positive and normative analysis in economics. With both heterodox and orthodox economics receiving a thorough analysis from Davis, this book is at once inclusive and revealing.

Table of Contents

Preface and acknowledgments                        viii
Framing the issues 1 (20)
Modernism as dualism: origins of the 2 (4)
modernist concept of the individual
Contemporary critiques of the modernist 6 (5)
conception of the individual
Individuals in economics 11 (5)
Orthodox economics and heterodox economics 16 (2)
Plan of this work 18 (3)
PART I Orthodox economics 21 (84)
The atomistic individual 23 (22)
Locke's legacy 24 (3)
The evolution of the atomistic individual 27 (5)
conception
The requirements of atomism 32 (3)
Methodological individualism and 35 (3)
reductionism: a last-ditch defense?
Game theory to the rescue? 38 (4)
What kind of individual? 42 (3)
Reidentification: preferences and human 45 (18)
capital
The standard pure preferences view of the 47 (2)
individual
Reidentification a la Locke and in the 49 (1)
pure preferences account
Locke's critics 50 (3)
The Butler--Hume critique applied to the 53 (2)
neoclassical view
The time allocation conception of the 55 (3)
individual
New problems 58 (3)
Individuation reconsidered 61 (2)
Individuation: multiple selves 63 (18)
Single versus multiple utility functions 65 (4)
Internal preference structures 69 (8)
Endogenously changing preferences 77 (2)
A unity of selves or a plurality of 79 (2)
selves?
After the fall: the machinery of choice 81 (24)
Mind as a computer 84 (4)
Economics as cognitive science 88 (12)
After the fall 100 (5)
PART II Heterodox economics 105 (90)
The embedded individual 107 (23)
The legacy of Marx and Durkheim 109 (2)
Social theory's structure--agency models 111 (3)
of the individual and society
Social psychology's self-referent 114 (3)
behavior and individual self-concept
The socially embedded individual 117 (10)
conception in economics
The socially embedded individual 127 (3)
conception
Individuation: collective intentionality 130 (20)
Collective intentionality analysis 132 (4)
Collective intentionality and the 136 (3)
structure--agent framework
A revised view of individual economic 139 (4)
behavior
The individuation of embedded individuals 143 (4)
Individuation in the atomistic and 147 (3)
socially embedded individual conceptions
Reidentification: capabilities 150 (17)
Sen's capability framework 152 (3)
The capability framework applied to the 155 (5)
reidentification of embedded individuals
The embedded individual conception as an 160 (3)
ideal conception
Sen's thinking about the individual 163 (1)
versus the embedded individual conception
Concluding remarks on the atomistic and 164 (3)
embedded individual conceptions
Before the fall: value in economics 167 (17)
Facts and values 168 (3)
Welfarism, utilitarianism, and the 171 (3)
atomistic individual conception
Normative reasoning and the socially 174 (6)
embedded individual conception
Individual identity as a normative concern 180 (2)
A classical world 182 (2)
Revisiting the issues 184 (11)
Ontology in economics 185 (2)
Individual identity in economics and 187 (1)
personal identity
Two historical traditions 188 (2)
Significance 190 (5)
Notes 195 (4)
References 199 (12)
Index 211