The Psychological Impact of War Trauma on Civilians : An International Perspective


The Psychological Impact of War Trauma on Civilians : An International Perspective

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 344 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780275972028
  • DDC分類 616.8521

Full Description

In an interview granted years before September 11, 2001, Osama bin Laden has stated that he considers both soldiers and civilians of the enemy legitimate targets. That position is not unique, and the wars of the past century have proven with increasing numbers of civilian casualties. This book addresses the impact of war and extreme stress on civilian populations, as well as psychology's response to these phenomena. Contributors examined and developed interventions in locations including Africa, the Balkans, Afghanistan, Siberia, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia. Subjects include: women under the Taliban, AIDS patients faced with governmental denial, survivors of the Rwanda massacres, post-Pol Pot Cambodia, Nazi Holocaust victims, Kuwaitis after the Iraqi invasion, Argentine mothers of disappeared youth, and more.

The authors examine such rehabilitation efforts as art therapy and role-playing in the former Yugoslavia, community mobilization in Angola, body-work for torture victims who have found their way to London, and counseling for former child prostitutes now in Vietnamese schools. Preventative measures include classes in ethnopolitical conflict resolution, reconciliation and peace-building activities, and the revival of indigenous practices after decades of repression.

Table of Contents

Foreword: Moving the Borders of Psychology to      xi
the Aid of Victims of War
Stevan E. Hobfoll
Acknowledgments xv
Overview: In the Wake of War 1 (14)
Stanley Krippner
Teresa M. McIntyre
Part I: Case Studies and Assessment 15 (92)
The Women of Afghanistan and the Freedom of 19 (6)
Adam Fish
Rona Popal
Healing the Impact of Colonization, 25 (14)
Genocide, and Racism on Indigenous
Betty Bastien
Jurgen W. Kremer
Rauna Kuokkanen
Patricia Vickers
Children of War: Psychosocial Sequelae of 39 (16)
War Trauma in Angolan Adolescents
Teresa M. McIntyre
Margarida Ventura
War on the Internal Self: Memory, Human 55 (12)
Rights, and the Unification of Germany
Benina B. Gould
Assessing Depression Among Survivors of the 67 (12)
Rwanda Genocide
Paul Bolton
Infectious Disease, HIV/AIDS, and War: 79 (16)
Impact on Civilian Psychological Health
George M. Carter
An Asian Youth as Offender: The Legacy of 95 (12)
the Khmer Rouge
Clay Foreman
Part II: Intervention and Reconstruction 107(108)
War and Refugee Suffering 111(12)
Daryl S. Paulson
Self-Therapy Through Personal Writing: A 123(12)
Study of Holocaust Victims' Diaries and
Sandrine Arons
Post-Traumatic Nightmares in Kuwait 135(8)
Following the Iraqi Invasion
Deirdre Barrett
Jaffar Behbehani
Psychosocial Effects and Treatment of Mass 143(12)
Trauma Due to Sociopolitical Events: The
Argentine Experience
Lucila Edelman
Daniel Kersner
Diana Kordon
Dario Lagos
Cultural Art Therapy in the Treatment of 155(16)
War Trauma in Children and Youth: Projects
in the Former Yugoslavia
Arpad Barath
Social Sources of Life: Rehabilitation in 171(8)
the Former Yugoslavia
Vesna Ognjenovic
Bojana Skorc
Jovan Savic
Healing, Social Integration, and Community 179(14)
Mobilization for War-Affected Children: A
View from Angola
Michael Wessells
Carlinda Monteiro
Somato-Psychotherapy at the Medical 193(10)
Foundation in London
Michael Korzinski
Stanley Krippner
Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome and Related 203(12)
Disorders Among Civilian Victims of Sexual
Trauma and Exploitation in Southeast Asia
Glenn Graves
Part III: Prevention 215(54)
Toward a Graduate Curriculum in War Trauma 217(14)
Relief and Ethnopolitical Conflict
Ronald J. Fisher
Before and After Trauma: The Difference 231(8)
Between Prevention and Reconciliation
Activities in Macedonia
Sally Broughton
Change Agentry in an Islamic Context 239(10)
Leila F. Dane
Peacebuilding by Woman in Lebanon 249(8)
Mary Bentley Abu-Saba
Legacies of Fear: Religious Repression and 257(12)
Resilience in Siberia
Marjorie Mandelstam Balzer
Part IV: Integrative Summaries 269(42)
When Society Is the Victim: Catastrophic 271(6)
Trauma Recovery
Steve S. Olweean
Poisoned Dissociative Containers: 277(8)
Dissociative Defenses in Female Victims of
War Rape
James D. Pappas
Challenges and Opportunities for Southeast 285(14)
Asian Refugee Adolescents
Roben A. Marvit
Why War? Fear Is the Mother of Violence 299(12)
Sheldon Solomon
Jeff Greenberg
Tom Pyszczynski
Afterword 311(2)
Jeanne Achterberg
``How Can This Be?'' 313(2)
John Cannon
W. Harrison Childers
Index 315(10)
About the Editors and Contributors 325