Distinguished philosophers, Buddhist scholars, the Dalai Lama, physicists, and cognitive scientists examine the contrasts and connections between the worlds of Western science and Buddhism.
Buddhism and Science brings together distinguished philosophers, Buddhist scholars, physicists, and cognitive scientists to examine the contrasts and connections between the worlds of Western science and Eastern spirituality. This compilation was inspired by a suggestion made by His Holiness the Dalai Lama, himself one of the contributors, after one of a series of cross-cultural scientific dialogues in Dharamsala, India, sponsored by the Mind and Life Institute. Other contributors such as William L. Ames, Matthieu Ricard, and Stephen LaBerge assess not only the fruits of inquiry from East and West but also shed light on the underlying assumptions of these disparate worldviews. Their essays creatively address a broad range of topics: from quantum theory's surprising affinities with the Buddhist concept of emptiness, to the increasing need in the West for a more contemplative science attuned to the first-person investigation of the mind, to the important ways in which the psychological study of "lucid dreaming" maps similar terrain to the cultivation of the Tibetan Buddhist discipline of dream yoga. Reflecting its wide variety of topics, Buddhism and Science is comprised of three sections. The first presents two historical overviews of the engagements between Buddhism and modern science or, rather, how Buddhism and modern science have defined, rivaled, or complemented one another. The second describes the ways Buddhism and the cognitive sciences inform each other; the third addresses points of intersection between Buddhism and the physical sciences. On the broadest level this work illuminates how different ways of exploring the nature of human identity, the mind, and the universe at large can enrich and enlighten one another.
Introduction: Buddhism and Science--Breaking Down the Barriers, by B. Alan Wallace Part 1 Historical Context Buddhism and Science: On the Nature of the Dialogue, by Josc Ignacio Cabezon Science As an Ally or a Rival Philosophy? Tibetan Buddhist Thinkers' Engagement with Modern Science, by Thupten Jinpa Part 2 Buddhism and the Cognitive Sciences Understanding and Transforming the Mind, by His Holiness the XIV Dalai Lama The Concepts "Self", "Person", and "I" in Western Psychology and in Buddhism, by David Galin Common Ground, Common Cause: Buddhism and Science on the Afflictions of Identity, by William S. Waldron Imagining: Embodiment, Phenomenology, and Transformation, by Francisco J. Varela and Natalie Depraz Lucid Dreaming and the Yoga of the Dream State: A Psychophysiological Perspective, by Stephen LaBerge On the Relevance of a Contemplative Science, by Matthieu Ricard Part 3 Buddhism and the Physical Sciences Emptiness and Quantum Theory, by William L. Ames Time and Impermanence in Middle Way Buddhism and Modern Physics, by Victor Mansfield A Cure for Metaphysical Illusions: Kant Quantum Mechanics and Madhyamaka, by Michel Bitbol Emptiness and Relativity, by David Ritz Finkelstein Encounters Between Buddhist and Quantum Epistemologies, by Anton Zeilinger Conclusion: Life As a Laboratory, by Piet Hut Appendix: A History of the Mind and Life Institute