統計・熱力学入門(第2版)<br>Statistical and Thermal Physics : An Introduction(2 NED)

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統計・熱力学入門(第2版)
Statistical and Thermal Physics : An Introduction(2 NED)

  • 著者名:Hoch, Michael J.R.
  • 価格 ¥13,296 (本体¥12,088)
  • CRC Press(2021/05/21発売)
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  • 言語:ENG
  • ISBN:9780367461348
  • eISBN:9781000389166

ファイル: /

Description

Thermal and statistical physics has established the principles and procedures needed to understand and explain the properties of systems consisting of macroscopically large numbers of particles. By developing microscopic statistical physics and macroscopic classical thermodynamic descriptions in tandem, Statistical and Thermal Physics: An Introduction provides insight into basic concepts and relationships at an advanced undergraduate level. This second edition is updated throughout, providing a highly detailed, profoundly thorough, and comprehensive introduction to the subject and features exercises within the text as well as end-of-chapter problems.

Part I of this book consists of nine chapters, the first three of which deal with the basics of equilibrium thermodynamics, including the fundamental relation. The following three chapters introduce microstates and lead to the Boltzmann definition of the entropy using the microcanonical ensemble approach. In developing the subject, the ideal gas and the ideal spin system are introduced as models for discussion. The laws of thermodynamics are compactly stated. The final three chapters in Part I introduce the thermodynamic potentials and the Maxwell relations. Applications of thermodynamics to gases, condensed matter, and phase transitions and critical phenomena are dealt with in detail.

Initial chapters in Part II present the elements of probability theory and establish the thermodynamic equivalence of the three statistical ensembles that are used in determining probabilities. The canonical and the grand canonical distributions are obtained and discussed. Chapters 12-15 are concerned with quantum distributions. By making use of the grand canonical distribution, the Fermi–Dirac and Bose–Einstein quantum distribution functions are derived and then used to explain the properties of ideal Fermi and Bose gases. The Planck distribution is introduced and applied to photons in radiation and to phonons on solids. The last five chapters cover a variety of topics: the ideal gas revisited, nonideal systems, the density matrix, reactions, and irreversible thermodynamics. A flowchart is provided to assist instructors on planning a course.

Key Features:

  • Fully updated throughout, with new content on exciting topics, including black hole thermodynamics, Heisenberg antiferromagnetic chains, entropy and information theory, renewable and nonrenewable energy sources, and the mean field theory of antiferromagnetic systems
  • Additional problem exercises with solutions provide further learning opportunities
  • Suitable for advanced undergraduate students in physics or applied physics.

Michael J.R. Hoch spent many years as a visiting scientist at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory at Florida State University, USA. Prior to this, he was a professor of physics and the director of the Condensed Matter Physics Research Unit at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, where he is currently professor emeritus in the School of Physics.

Table of Contents

PART I Classical Thermal Physics:

The Microcanonical Ensemble

Section IA Introduction to Classical Thermal

Physics Concepts: The First and

Second Laws of Thermodynamics

Chapter 1 Introduction: Basic Concepts

Chapter 2 Energy: The First Law

Chapter 3 Entropy: The Second Law

Section IB Microstates and the Statistical

Interpretation of Entropy

Chapter 4 Microstates for Large Systems

Chapter 5 Entropy and Temperature: Microscopic Statistical Interpretation

Chapter 6 Zero Kelvin and the Third Law

Section IC Applications of Thermodynamics to

Gases and Condensed Matter, Phase

Transitions, and Critical Phenomena

Chapter 7 Application of Thermodynamics to Gases: The Maxwell Relations

Chapter 8 Applications of Thermodynamics to Condensed Matter

Chapter 9 Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena

PART II Quantum Statistical Physics and

Thermal Physics Applications

Section IIA The Canonical and Grand Canonical

Ensembles and Distributions

Chapter 10 Ensembles and the Canonical Distribution

Chapter 11 The Grand Canonical Distribution

Section IIB Quantum Distribution Functions,

Fermi–Dirac and Bose–Einstein

Statistics, Photons, and Phonons

Chapter 12 The Quantum Distribution Functions

Chapter 13 Ideal Fermi Gas

Chapter 14 Ideal Bose Gas

Chapter 15 Photons and Phonons: The “Planck Gas”

Section IIC The Classical Ideal Gas, Maxwell–

Boltzmann Statistics, Nonideal Systems

Chapter 16 The Classical Ideal Gas

Chapter 17 Nonideal Systems

Section IID The Density Matrix, Reactions and

Related Processes, and Introduction

to Irreversible Thermodynamics

Chapter 18 The Density Matrix

Chapter 19 Reactions and Related Processes

Chapter 20 Introduction to Irreversible Thermodynamics