This collection of leading scholars presents reflections on both wisdom as a general concept throughout history and cultures, as well as the contested nature of the category of Wisdom Literature.The first half of the collection explores wisdom more generally with essays on its relationship to skill, epistemology, virtue, theology, and order. Wisdom is examined in a number of different contexts, such as historically in the Hebrew Bible and its related cultures, in Egypt and Mesopotamia, as well as in Patristic and Rabbinic interpretation. Additionally, wisdom is examined in its continuing relevance in Islamic, Jewish, and Christian thought, as well as from feminist, environmental, and other contextual perspectives. The second half of the volume considers "Wisdom Literature" as a category. Scholars address its relation to the Solomonic Collection, its social setting, literary genres, chronological development, and theology. Wisdom Literature's relation to other biblical literature (law, history, prophecy, apocalyptic, and the broad question of "Wisdom influence") is then discussed before separate chapters on the texts commonly associated with the category. Contributors take a variety of approaches to the current debates surrounding the viability and value of Wisdom Literature as a category and its proper relationship to the concept of wisdom in the Hebrew Bible.Though the organization of the volume highlights the independence of wisdom as concept from "Wisdom Literature" as a category, seeking to counter the lack of attention given to this question in the traditional approach, the inclusion of both topics together in the same volume reflects their continued interconnection. As such, this handbook both represents the current state of Wisdom scholarship and sets the stage for future developments.
Table of Contents
1. Wisdom and Wisdom Literature: Past, Present, and FutureWill Kynes (Samford University)PART I. THE CONCEPT OF WISDOM IN THE HEBREW BIBLE2. Advice: Wisdom, Skill, and SuccessJacqueline Vayntrub (Yale Divinity School)3. Epistemology: Wisdom, Knowledge, and RevelationAnnette Schellenberg (University of Vienna)4. Virtue and Its Limits in the Wisdom Corpus: Character Formation, Disruption, and TransformationWilliam P. Brown (Columbia Theological Seminary)5. Theology: Creation, Wisdom, and CovenantRaymond C. Van Leeuwen (Eastern University)6. Order: Wisdom, Retribution, and SkepticismLudger Schwienhorst-Schönberger (University of Vienna)PART II. THE CONCEPT OF WISDOM IN RELATED CULTURES7. Wisdom in EgyptJoachim Quack (Heidelberg University)8. Mesopotamian Wisdom LiteratureYoram Cohen (Tel Aviv University) and Nathan Wasserman (Hebrew University)9. Wisdom in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Early Jewish InterpretationArjen Bakker (University of Oxford)10. Wisdom in Dialogue with Greek CivilizationMichael C. Legaspi (Penn State University)11. Wisdom in the New TestamentMariam Kamell Kovalishyn (Regent College)12. Wisdom in Patristic Interpretation: Scriptural and Cosmic Unity in Athanasius' Exegesis of Proverbs 8:22Susannah Ticciati (King's College London)13. Wisdom in Rabbinic InterpretationAmram Tropper (Ben-Gurion University of the Negev)PART III. THE CONCEPT OF WISDOM IN THE MODERN WORLD14. Wisdom in the Qur'an and the Islamic TraditionU. Isra Yazicioglu (St. Joseph's University)15. Wisdom in Jewish TheologyJonathan Schofer (University of Texas-Austin)16. Wisdom in Christian TheologyPaul S. Fiddes (University of Oxford)17. Personified Wisdom and Feminist TheologiesChristine Roy Yoder (Columbia Theological Seminary)18. Wisdom in NatureNorman Habel19. The Pervasiveness of Wisdom in (Con)textsJohn Ahn (Howard University School of Divinity)PART IV. THE CATEGORY OF WISDOM LITERATURE20. Solomon and the Solomonic CollectionKatharine J. Dell (University of Cambridge)21. The Social Setting of Wisdom LiteratureMark Sneed (Lubbock Christian College)22. Literary Genres of Old Testament WisdomMarkus Witte (Humboldt-University in Berlin)23. The Chronological Development of Wisdom LiteratureMarkus Saur (University of Kiel)24. Theology of WisdomTremper Longman III (Westmont College)PART V. WISDOM LITERATURE AND OTHER LITERATURE25. Wisdom InfluenceJohn L. McLaughlin (University of St. Michael's College)26. Law and Wisdom LiteratureJonathan P. Burnside (Bristol University)27. History and Wisdom LiteratureSuzanna R. Millar (University of Edinburgh)28. Prophecy and Wisdom LiteratureMark J. Boda (McMaster Divinity College)29. Apocalyptic and Wisdom LiteratureBennie H. Reynolds III (Milsaps College)PART VI. TEXTS30. ProverbsSamuel E. Balentine (Union Presbyterian Seminary)31. EcclesiastesTova L. Forti (Ben Gurion University of the Negev)32. JobScott C. Jones (Covenant College)33. Song of SongsAnselm C. Hagedorn (University of Osnabrück)34. Wisdom PsalmsW. H. Bellinger, Jr. (Baylor University)35. Ben SiraBenjamin G. Wright (Lehigh University)36. Wisdom of SolomonJames Aitken (University of Cambridge) and Ekaterina Matusova (University of Tübingen)37. The Pursuit of Wisdom at Qumran: Assessing the Classification "Wisdom Literature" and Its Application to the Dead Sea ScrollsMatthew Goff (Florida State University)