認知科学におけるカテゴリー化ハンドブック(第2版)<br>Handbook of Categorization in Cognitive Science(2)

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認知科学におけるカテゴリー化ハンドブック(第2版)
Handbook of Categorization in Cognitive Science(2)


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Description

Handbook of Categorization in Cognitive Science, Second Edition presents the study of categories and the process of categorization as viewed through the lens of the founding disciplines of the cognitive sciences, and how the study of categorization has long been at the core of each of these disciplines. The literature on categorization reveals there is a plethora of definitions, theories, models and methods to apprehend this central object of study. The contributions in this handbook reflect this diversity. For example, the notion of category is not uniform across these contributions, and there are multiple definitions of the notion of concept. Furthermore, the study of category and categorization is approached differently within each discipline. For some authors, the categories themselves constitute the object of study, whereas for others, it is the process of categorization, and for others still, it is the technical manipulation of large chunks of information. Finally, yet another contrast has to do with the biological versus artificial nature of agents or categorizers.

  • Defines notions of category and categorization
  • Discusses the nature of categories: discrete, vague, or other
  • Explores the modality effects on categories
  • Bridges the category divide - calling attention to the bridges that have already been built, and avenues for further cross-fertilization between disciplines

Table of Contents

1. Bridging the Category Divide: Introduction to the First Edition

Part I: Categorization in Cognitive Science

2. To Cognize is to Categorize: Cognition is Categorization

3. The Role of Top-Down and Bottom-Up Mechanisms in the Maintenance of the Self-Concept: A Behavioral and Neuroscience Review

4. Categories and Cognitive Anthropology

5. Emotion Categorization

6. Philosophical Analysis as Cognitive Psychology: The Importance of Empty Concepts

Part II: Neuroscience of Categorization and Category Learning

7. Multiple Systems of Perceptual Category Learning: Theory and Cognitive Tests

8. The Neuropsychology of Perceptual Category Learning

9. Categorization in Neuroscience: Brain Response to Objects and Events

10. Neural Regions Associated with Categorical Speech Perception and Production

11. Food Perception and Categorization: From Food/No-Food to Different Types of Food

Part III: Semantic Categories

12. Semantic Categorization

13. Emotion Categories Across Languages

14. Relations Between Language and Thought: Individuation and the Count/Mass Distinction

15. Event Categorization in Sign Languages

16. Semantic Categeories in Acquisition

17. Atoms, Categorization, and conceptual Change

Part IV: Syntactic Categories

18. Lexical, Functional, Crossover, and Multifunctional Categories

19. Isolating-Monocategorial-Associational Nauguage

20. Linguistic Categories in Language Contact: Modularity and Diversity

21. Syntactic Categorization in Sign Languages

22. Syntactic Categories in Child Language Acquisition: Innate, Induced, or Illusory?

23. Syntactic Categories in Second Language Acquisition

Part V: Development of Categories

24. Constructing Race: How People Categorize Others and Themselves in Racial Terms

25. How Experience Affects Infants' Facial Categorization

26. The Development of Object Categories: What, When, and How?

27. Categorization and Aging

28. Auditory and Phonetic Category Formation

29. Perceptual and Abstract Category Learning in Pigeons

Part VI: Grounding and Categories in Perception and Inference

30. Situated Conceptualization

31. The Construction of Category Membership Judgments: Towards a Distributed Model

32. Connectionist and Robotics Approaches to Grounding Symbols in Perceptual and Sensorimotor Categories

33. Embodied Categorization

34. The Construction of Perceptual and Semantic Features During Category Learning

35. Categorization, Reasoning, and Memory From a Neo-Logical Point of View

36. The Time Course of Object, Scene, and Face Categorization

37. The Return of Concept Empiricism

Part VII: Machine Category Learning and Data Mining

38. Category Formation in Self-Organizing Embodied Agents

39. Concept Learning and Nonmonotonic Reasoning

40. Categorization in Symbolic Data Analysis

41. An Information-Based Discussion of Borderline Cases in Categorization: Six Scenarios Leading to Vagueness

42. The Neurodynamics of Categorization: Critical Challenges and Proposed Solutions

43. Genre-Specific Text Mining and Extensional Inductive Concept Recognition: A Pseudocognitive Approach

44. Graph Matching, System Design and Knowledge Modeling

Part VIII: The Naturalization of Categories

45. Nominalism and the Theory of concepts

46. Why Do We Think Racially? Culture, Evolution, and Cognition

47. How Language Influences the Way We Categorize Hybrids

48. Neurosemantics and Categories