地球規模の問題:入門(第5版)<br>Global Issues : An Introduction(5)

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地球規模の問題:入門(第5版)
Global Issues : An Introduction(5)


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Description

Now reorganized and updated throughout, the fifth edition of this well-regarded introductory global issues text continues to reflect the most important aspects of an increasingly globalized world.

  • Reorganized into more accessible chapters better suited to semester-long courses, with new sections covering development, climate change, pollution, and governance
  • The only survey-level text in the field to unite the perspectives of geography, political science, sociology, ecology, international relations, economics, and development studies
  • Moves beyond the international to be truly global in focus, with coverage of topics such as wealth and poverty, population, food, energy, natural resources, and technology
  • Incorporates new case studies and examples, including the Fukushima nuclear disaster, the effects of changing water supply on migration, natural gas fracking, and smart grid technology
  • Offers a dynamic and accessible narrative with many student-friendly features, such as chapter boxes, a glossary of terms, guides to further reading, media and Internet resources
Discover up-to-date related news articles for inspiring discussion and research at https://www.facebook.com/GlobalIssuesHiteSeitz.

Table of Contents

List of Plates

List of Figures, Maps, and Tables

Acknowledgements

Foreword

Introduction: The Creation of Global Issues

Notes

1 Population

The Changing Population of the World

Causes of the Population Explosion

How Population Growth Affects Development

Too rapid

Too slow

An aging population and low birth rates

International conferences on population

How Development Affects Population Growth

Demographic transition

Factors lowering birth rates

Governmental Population Policies

Controlling growth

Promoting growth

The Future

The growth of the world’s population

The carrying capacity of the earth

Optimum size of the earth’s population

Population-related problems in our future

Conclusions

Further Reading

Notes

2 Wealth and Poverty

The Millennium Development Goals

Development Assistance and Foreign Aid

Market Approach

State Approach

Blended Approach

Geography and Wealth, Geography and Poverty

Globalization

Positive aspects

Negative aspects

An evaluation

Conclusions

Further Reading

Notes

3 Food

World Food Production

How Many Are Hungry?

Causes of World Hunger

How Food Affects Development

How Development Affects Food

The production of food

The loss of food

The type of food

The “Green” Revolution

Fertilizers

Pesticides

Irrigation

The future

Governmental Food Policies

Future Food Supplies

Climate

Arable land

Energy costs

Traditional/sustainable/organic agriculture

Biotechnology

Fishing and aquaculture

Future food production

Conclusions

Further Reading

Notes

4 Energy

The Energy-Climate Crisis

Energy and Security

Government Responses to the Energy-Climate Crisis

The United States

Western Europe

Japan

China

The Effect of the Energy-Climate Crisis on Countries’ Development Plans

The Relationship between Energy Use and Development

A shift in types of energy

Increased use

The decoupling of energy consumption and economic growth

The Energy Transition

Nonrenewable energy sources

Renewable energy sources

Conservation/energy efficiency

Nuclear Power: A Case Study

The potential and the peril

The choice

Conclusions

Further Reading

Notes

5 Climate Change

The Evidence and Impacts

Uncertainties

What is being done at present?

What more can be done?

Conclusion

Further Reading

Notes

6 The Environment: Part I

The Awakening

The Air

Smog

Airborne lead

Acid rain

Ozone depletion

Climate change (global warming)

Water

Water Quality

Water Quantity

The Land

Minerals

Deforestation

The Extinction of Species

The Extinction of Cultures

Conclusion

Notes

7 The Environment: Part II

The Workplace and the Home

Cancer

Pesticides

Chemicals

Managing Waste

Solid wastes

Toxic wastes

Governmental and industrial responses to the waste problem

Responsible Use

Resource efficiency

Recycling

Substitution

Reducing needs

Environmental Politics

Overdevelopment

Conclusions

Further Reading

Notes

8 Technology

Benefits of Technology

Unanticipated Consequences of the Use of Technology

DDT

Factory farms

Inappropriate Uses of Technology

Limits to the “Technological Fix”

War

The Threat of Nuclear Weapons: A Case Study

The threat

New dangers

Conclusions

Further Reading

Notes

9 Alternative Futures

Development Pathways: Evaluating Our Current Situation

Current Outlook: Business as Usual

Collapse and Sustainable Development

Choices

Improve production

Reduce demand

Governing the Commons

Inclusive Governance and the Role of Civil Society

Conclusion

Further Reading

Notes

Appendix 1: Studying and Teaching Global Issues

Appendix 2: Relevant Videos

Appendix 3: Relevant Internet Websites

Glossary

Index