World Disasters Report 2002 : Focus on Reducing Risk (Annual Publication)

World Disasters Report 2002 : Focus on Reducing Risk (Annual Publication)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 240 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9789291390823
  • DDC分類 577

Full Description


Disasters, both environmental and technological, continue to inflict unacceptable human and economic costs. The number of weather-related disasters has doubled between 1996 and 2002, and scientists are warning that global warming will bring more windstorms, more floods and more droughts. The challenge to reduce the heavy toll taken by disasters has never been more urgent. This report focuses on reducing disaster risk. How significant a role can mitigation and preparedness play in reducing disaster losses? How can international disaster response better integrate with local responses? What non-structural approaches to mitigation from early warning systems and first-aid training to public awareness, education and advocacy are possible? And can we show that disaster preparedness and mitigation pay off in terms of lives, livelihoods and assets saved? The report examines the rationale for disaster preparedness, how to mitigate the effects of global warming in small island states and how to reduce risk from earthquakes in urban areas. It also looks at how communities in Mozambique, Nepal and Latin America have successfully reduced the toll of disasters through sound preparedness. In addition to the data chapter, updated annually, the report studies humanitarian accountability and presents a methodology to assess vulnerabilities and capacities.

Table of Contents

International Federation of Red Cross and Red
Crescent Societies
Acknowledgements 2 (4)
Introduction 6 (2)
Section One Focus on reducing risk
Risk reduction: challenges and opportunities 8 (32)
Cyclone preparedness saves millions in 16 (4)
Bangladesh
A centuries-old drought mitigation strategy 20 (6)
Community-based disaster preparedness in 26 (6)
Nepal
A livelihoods context for disaster 32 (3)
management
Insuring micro-finance institutions against 35 (5)
disaster
Thirty years of ``natural'' disasters 10 (9)
The lens of risk reduction 19 (21)
Disaster preparedness - a priority for Latin 40 (20)
America
Traditional homes prove safer 49 (3)
Community-operated early warning in 52 (2)
Guatemala
Risk mapping and relocation get political 54 (6)
Earthquakes and hurriacanes in Central 42 (18)
and north-western South America
Preparedness pays off in Mozambique 60 (22)
Media coverage-a double-edged sword 64 (2)
Do people heed warnings? 66 (7)
Community-based disaster preparedness 73 (2)
New homes and livelihoods reduce disaster 75 (7)
risk
Rescue operations in Mozambique in 2000 71
and 2001
Mozambique 63 (19)
Pacific islands foretell future of climate 82 (24)
change
Relocation - the last resort 84 (4)
Treading water: climate change and 88 (4)
sea-level rise
Cyclone strafes Manihiki atoll 92 (3)
Mangrove planting saves lives and money in 95 (3)
Viet Nam
Fossil fuel subsidies outstrip adaptation 98 (2)
funds
Socially responsible economies key to 100(6)
disaster reduction
Oceania: hydro-meteorological disasters 87 (19)
from 1970 to 1999
Reducing earthquake risk in urban Europe 106(22)
``Grandpa Earthquake'' dispels fear of 110(3)
disaster
Iceland - model of efficient disaster 113(3)
preparedness
First aid: humanity in action 116(4)
Countering the risks of a Kathmandu quake 120(8)
South-eastern Europe 108(20)
Section Two Tracking the system
Assessing vulnerabilities and capacities - 128(20)
during peace and war
``Make people aware of the power they have'' 132(4)
Experiences of VCA from Scandinavia to 136(4)
Africa
Self-reliance in the south-west Pacific 140(3)
Key principles for a successful VCA 143(3)
Hospital of hope for victims of intifada 146(2)
Vulnerable populations in Palestine 138
Israel and Occupied and Autonomous 131(17)
Territories of Palestine
Accountability: a question of rights and 148(22)
duties
Rights-based programming in Sierra Leone 151(2)
Concerns and complaints 153(2)
Right to information 155(1)
Popular involvement becomes political in 156(3)
Nicaragua
Right to registration 159(2)
Right to appropriate assistance with dignity 161(1)
Recommendations for the ``accountable 162(8)
organization''
Disaster data: key trends and statistics 170(42)
EM-DAT: a specialized disaster database 174(4)
US Committee for Refugees 178(2)
GLobal IDEntifier (GLIDE) number 180(32)
Erratum World Disaster Report 2001 184
Reported deaths from all disasters 172(1)
1992-2001
Reported numbers of people affected by 172(1)
all disasters 1992-2001
Estimated damage by all disasters 173(3)
1992-2001
ODA net disbursements in 2000 176(1)
ODA as a percentage of DAC donors' GNP, 176(1)
2000
Emergency/distress relief by DAC donors 177(8)
in 2000
Total number of reported disasters, by 185(1)
continent and by year (1992 to 2001)
Total number of people reported killed by 186(1)
disasters, by continent and by year (1992
to 2001)
Total number of people reported affected 187(1)
by disasters, by continent and by year
(1992 to 2001) in thousands
Total amount of disaster estimated 188(1)
damage, by continent and by year (1992 to
2001) in millions of US dollars (2001
prices)
Total number of reported disasters, by 189(1)
type of phenomenon and by year (1992 to
2001)
Total number of people reported killed by 190(1)
disasters, by type of phenomenon and by
year (1992 to 2001)
Total number of people reported affected 191(1)
by disasters, by type of phenomenon and
by year (1992 to 2001) in thousands
Total amount of disaster estimated 192(1)
damage, by type of phenomenon and by year
(1992 to 2001) in millions of US dollars
(2001 prices)
Total number of reported disasters, by 193(1)
continent and by type of phenomenon (1992
to 2001)
Total number of people reported killed by 194(1)
disasters, by continent and by type of
phenomenon (1992 to 2001)
Total number of people reported affected 195(1)
by disasters, by continent and by type of
phenomenon (1992 to 2001) in thousands
Total amount of disaster estimated 196(1)
damage, by continent and by type of
phenomenon (1992 to 2001) in millions of
US dollars (2001 prices)
Total number of people reported killed 197(7)
and affected by disasters, by country
(1982-1991; 1992-2001; and 2001)
Refugees and asylum seekers by 204(2)
country/territory of origin (1995 to 2001)
Refugees and asylum seekers by host 206(4)
country/territory (1995 to 2001)
Significant populations of internally 210(2)
displaced people (1995 to 2001)
International Federation overview 212(4)
IDRL development continues 214(2)
The Movement: a worldwide presence 216(14)
A global network 230(6)
Index 236