This detailed study of Dutch decolonization policies of the 1940s covers such issues as the political processes of decolonization, development aid, the Dutch Caribbean exodus to the metropolis, and cultural antagonisms.
Much has been written on the post-war decolonisation in the Caribbean, but rarely from a truly comparative perspective, and seldom with serious attention to the former Dutch colonies of Surinam, the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba. This study bridges both gaps. In their analysis of Dutch decolonisation policies since the 1940s, the authors discuss not only political processes, but also development aid, the Dutch Caribbean exodus to the metropolis and cultural antagonisms. A balance is drawn both of the costs and benefits of independence in the Caribbean and of the outlines and results of the policies pursued in the non-sovereign Caribbean by France, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Front Cover - 1 Table of Contents - 6 Acknowledgements - 8 Introduction - 10 1. The Comparative Context: Fragmentation of the British West Indies and the Remnants of Empire - 18 The Colonial Period - 18 The Failure of the West Indian Federation - 21 Re-engagement: The Overseas Territories - 25 2. The Comparative Context: The French départements d'outre-mer, Grandeur and Civilisation at a Price - 30 The Colonial Period - 31 Decolonisation through Integration - 33 Assimilation à la française - 37 3. The Comparative Context: Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, Deadlocks in American Geopolitics - 43 The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico - 44 Puerto Rico's Status Debate - 49 The U.S.Virgin Islands: Unincorporated Territory - 54 4. Dutch Rule in the Caribbean up until 1940: Careless Colonialism - 58 Failed Exploitation - 58 Colonial Administration - 61 Cultural Divides - 63 5. The Dismantling of the Dutch Empire, 1940-1954 - 65 World War II, Powerless Dutch Colonialism and the Atlantic Charter - 66 In the Shadow of Indonesia - 70 The Round-Table Conferences - 77 The Charter of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, 1954 - 85 6. The Failed Attempt at Model Decolonisation, 1954-1975 - 90 Exploring the Charter's Margins - 93 Turning Point: The 1969 Curaçao Revolt - 97 Negotiating the Independence of Suriname - 103 The Antillean Refusal - 117 7. The Perpetuation of the Transatlantic Kingdom since 1975 - 119 The Aruban Status Aparte - 122 A New Dutch Agenda for the 1990s - 132 Deadlocks and the Margins of Autonomy - 141 Into the Twenty-First Century - 146 8. Illusions and Benefits of 'Reciprocal Assistance': Development Aid - 154 Towards Structural Aid, 1954-1975 - 158 Aid to the Antilles and Aruba since 1975: Structural or Finite? - 164 AComparative Perspective - 173 9.A Caribbean Exodus – 177 - 178 Prelude, 1954-1973 - 181 The Independence of Suriname and the Exodus, 1973-1980 - 184 The Antillean Exodus of the 1990s - 190 A Comparative Perspective - 195 10. Cultural Exchange, Proximity and Distance - 202 Dutch Passport, Dutch Language? - 203 Reciprocal Cultural Exchange? - 208 A Comparative Perspective - 213 11. Epilogue - 216 Dutch Caribbean Decolonisation in a Nutshell - 218 Caribbean Decolonisation: a Tentative Balance Sheet - 221 What Kind of Kingdom? - 225 The Future - 230 Notes - 235 Bibliography - 271 Indexes - 285