To Increase Learning for the Understanding Ones : Reading and Reconstructing the Fragmentary Early Jewish Sapiential Text 4Q (Studies of the Texts of

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To Increase Learning for the Understanding Ones : Reading and Reconstructing the Fragmentary Early Jewish Sapiential Text 4Q (Studies of the Texts of

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 270 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9789004116788
  • DDC分類 296.155

Full Description


This study aims at furthering our understanding of the early Jewish sapiential composition 4QInstruction which was found in fragmentary manuscripts at Qumran. The first part focuses on the reading and joining of the fragments, and gives an approximate reconstruction of the manuscripts and the composition. The second part discusses some disputed sections and themes in more detail, especially the beginning of the composition (4Q416 1), its relation to the Community Rule and the Hodayot, alleged sacerdotal fragments (4Q415 1 ii-2 I and 4Q418 81), as well as fragments describing fate after death (4Q418 55 and 69 ii). The first part is intended as a supplement to the official DJD edition, whereas the second part is of a more general interest.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments                                    xiii
Abbreviations xv
PART ONE READING AND RECONSTRUCTING
4QINSTRUCTION
Establishing the Text of 4QInstruction 3 (25)
Introduction 3 (2)
4QInstruction in the Nineteen-Fifties 5 (7)
The Edition of 1Q26 5 (1)
Reports 5 (1)
The PAM Photographs 6 (1)
The Preliminary Concordance 7 (1)
The Card-Index of the Preliminary 7 (1)
Concordance
The Preivately Printed Preliminary 8 (1)
Concordance
The Wacholder-Abegg Use of the 9 (1)
Preliminary Concordance
The 4QInstruction Manuscripts in the 10 (1)
Preliminary Concordance
State of the Work in 1960 10 (2)
Between the Nineteen-Fifties and the 12 (1)
Nineteen-Nineties
4QInstruction in the Nineteen-Nineties 13 (7)
Evaluating the Wacholder-Abegg 14 (1)
Presentation of 4QInstruction
Establishing the Number of Manuscripts 15 (2)
Joining Fragments and Identifying 17 (1)
Overlaps
Reconstructing the Manuscripts and the 17 (1)
Composition
Other Work on 4QInstruction 18 (2)
The Text As Represented in the DJD Edition 20 (7)
Transcriptions of Traces which are not 20 (1)
Ink
Minor Inexactitudes 21 (1)
Inconsistent Readings and 22 (4)
Reconstructions
Arranging and Joining Fragments 26 (1)
Text and Reconstruction 27 (1)
4Q415 28 (14)
General 28 (3)
Introduction 28 (1)
Relation to 4Q414 28 (1)
On the Suggested Re-use of 4Q415 29 (2)
Text and Comments 31 (11)
4Q416 42 (9)
General 42 (1)
Text and Comments 42 (9)
4Q417 51 (10)
General 51 (1)
Text and Comments 52 (9)
4Q418* 1, 2, 2b and Parallels 61 (9)
General 61 (3)
Text and Comments 64 (1)
Other Fragments Which Might Belong to the 65 (1)
Same Manuscript
4Q418 Fragments Overlapping with 4Q416 1 66 (4)
9-17
4Q418 70 (54)
General 70 (4)
The Fragments of 4Q418 70 (1)
Numbering of the Fragments 71 (1)
Physical Appearances, Photographs, and 72 (2)
the DJD Transcriptions
Height of the Columns 74 (1)
Text and Comments 74 (50)
More 4Q418 Fragments 124 (2)
4Q418c 124 (1)
XQ7 = 4Q418 125 (1)
4Q418a 126 (14)
General 126 (5)
Present State of the Fragments 126 (1)
The Original State of the Fragments 126 (1)
which Were Found in Wads
Wad A (Frags. 1-8) 127 (1)
Wad B (Frags. 9-12) 128 (1)
Wad C (Frags. 13-14) 128 (1)
Wad D (Frags. 15-19) 128 (1)
Relations and Correspondences Between 129 (1)
the Wads
Height of the Columns 130 (1)
Other 4Q418a Fragments? 131 (1)
Placed Fragments: Text and Comments 131 (7)
Non-Placed Fragments 138 (1)
Non-4Q418a Fragments 139 (1)
4Q423 140 (6)
General 140 (1)
Text and Comments 141 (4)
Fragments Not Belonging to 4Q423 145 (1)
1Q26 (1 QInstruction) 146 (2)
General 146 (1)
Text and Comments 146 (2)
Overlaps and Variants in the Instruction 148 (7)
Manuscripts
Overlaps 148 (3)
Variants 151 (2)
Comparison of Manuscripts 153 (2)
4Q416 and 4Q417 vis-a-vis 4Q418 153 (1)
4Q418 versus 4Q423 153 (1)
4Q416 versus 4Q418* 154 (1)
Other Manuscripts 154 (1)
Conclusions 154 (1)
Reconstructing Instruction 155 (20)
Previous Reconstructions 155 (2)
Materials for Reconstruction 157 (4)
The Evidence of 4Q418a 157 (1)
The Evidence of Overlaps 158 (1)
Physical Characteristics of Fragments 158 (1)
Physical Description of 4Q418 Fragments 159 (1)
Contents and Structure of the 160 (1)
Composition
Towards a Relative Reconstruction 161 (6)
Beginning of the Composition 161 (1)
Fragments to be Placed between 4Q416 1 161 (1)
and 4Q417 1
4Q417 1 and Fragments to be Placed 162 (1)
Close To It
Fragments to be Placed between 4Q417 1 162 (1)
and 4Q417 2
4Q417 2 i-ii, 4Q416 2 i-iv and Overlaps 163 (1)
Fragments to be Placed between 4Q416 2 163 (1)
iv (4Q418 10) and 4Q418 167
4Q418 167 and the 4Q415 Fragments 164 (1)
Fragments to be Placed between 4Q418 164 (1)
167 and 4Q418 103
4Q418 103-101 and the 4Q423 Fragments 165 (1)
4Q418a 2 and 1, and the End of the 166 (1)
Composition
Not Yet Placed Major 4Q418 Fragments 166 (1)
The Composition and the Manuscripts 167 (2)
4Q418* 167 (1)
4Q416 167 (1)
4Q418 168 (1)
4Q418a 168 (1)
4Q417 168 (1)
4Q415 169 (1)
4Q423 169 (1)
1Q26 169 (1)
An Approximate Reconstruction of the 169 (6)
Sheets of 4Q418
PART TWO SECTIONS, THEMES, AND WORDS IN
4QINSTRUCTION
The Beginning of Instruction 175 (19)
Composite Text of 4Q416 1 and Overlaps 175 (2)
Comments on the Composite Text of 4Q416 1 177 (4)
The Orderly Course of Creation 177 (3)
The Judgment of the Wicked 180 (1)
Discussion of the Composite Text of 4Q416 181 (7)
1
The Cosmological Part 182 (2)
Other Cosmological Pieces in Instruction 184 (1)
Relation between the Cosmological 184 (1)
Passage and the Composition
The Eschatological Section 185 (1)
Other Eschatological Pieces in 185 (1)
Instruction
Anthropology 186 (2)
Beyond the 4Q416 1 Composite Text: 4Q418 188 (3)
col. I
Did 4Q417 Contain This Introduction? 191 (1)
Conclusion 192 (2)
Instruction, IQS III-IV, and 1QHA V 194 (14)
(Sukenik XIII & frags)
Instruction and 1QS III-IV 194 (9)
Introduction 194 (2)
Vocabulary 196 (3)
Correspondences with Specific Parts of 199 (1)
Two Spirits
1QS III 13-18. Heading and Introduction 199 (1)
1QS III 19---IV 1. The Two Kinds of 199 (1)
Spirits
1QS IV 2-14. The Ways of the Spirits in 200 (1)
the World
1QS IV 15-23. Visitation 200 (1)
1QS IV 23-26. Resume 200 (1)
Evaluating the Correspondences 200 (1)
Layers in Two Spirits 201 (2)
4Q417 1 i and 1QHa V (Sukenik XIII & 203 (5)
frags)
Parallels between 4Q417 1 and 1QHa V 203 (3)
Evaluation of the Relationship between 206 (2)
1QHa V, Instruction, and 1QS III-IV
4Q418 55 and 69 ii 208 (17)
Text and Translation 208 (3)
Comments 211 (1)
4Q418 69 ii and its Relationship to 1 212 (5)
Enoch 91 and 103-104
Correspondences Between 4Q418 55 and 217 (4)
4Q418 69 ii + 60
Rhetoric 217 (2)
Shared Terminology 219 (1)
Allusions to Isaiah 40:27-31 220 (1)
Structure 220 (1)
Angelology 220 (1)
Orthography 220 (1)
4Q418 69 ii and 55 within Instruction 221 (2)
4Q418 69 ii and 4Q416 1 222 (1)
4Q418 55, 4Q418 69 ii + 60 and Other 223 (1)
Qumran Texts
Conclusions 224 (1)
The Holy Seed: 4Q415 1 ii---2 i and 4Q418 81 225 (12)
4Q415 1 ii---2 i: Text and Translation 225 (1)
Joins and Overlaps 225 (3)
Discussion 228 (1)
Seed of Holiness 229 (1)
4Q418 81 1-14: Text and Translation 230 (1)
Comments 231 (4)
Sacerdotal Interests 235 (2)
Notes on Some Words 237 (8)
Concluding Remarks 245 (4)
The Maskil as Instructor 245 (1)
Sources and Redactions 246 (1)
Provenance and Relation to Other Texts 247 (1)
Addressees and Function 248 (1)
Bibliography 249 (4)
Index of Authors 253 (2)
Index of Texts 255 (12)
Index of PAM Photographs 267