Co-management, that is sharing of responsibilities between governmental institutions and groups of resource users, is rapidly becoming popular in Asia. In many countries environmental management is reformulated from exclusive state control to various kinds of joint management in which local communities, indigenous peoples and non-governmental organizations share authority and benefits with government institutions. In this book case studies of experiments with co-management in a number of countries are combined with more reflective contributions pointing to underlying assumptions and problems in the actual implementation of co-management.
Part one - Working at local levels, multiple voices from Asian communities: co-management of forest resources - the Bugkalot experience, Dante Aquino; institutional resilience of marine sasi - a traditional fisheries management system in Central Maluku, Indonesia, Ingvild Harkes, Irene Novaczek; co-management in protected areas - the case of Cat Tien National Park, Southern Vietnam, Gert Polet; exploring the right blend between government facilitative role and farmers' initiative in forest regeneration, Paulo Pasicolan; pasture land management in post-reform China - grazing on ambiguously owned land, Wei Hu; Pala'wan managing their forests (Palawan Island, the Philippines), Marieke Hobbes. Part two - Reflective and comparative approaches to the co-management debate: years of transition in coastal Japanese fisheries, 1868-1912, Arne Kalland; fisheries co-management - key conditions and principles drawn from Asian experiences, Robert Pomeroy, Brenda Katon, Ingvild Harkes; the road to community-based resource management in the Philippines - entries, bends, tolls and dead-ends, Percy Sajise, Francisco Fellizar, Gil Sanguiguit; conflicting boundaries - the role of mapping in the co-management discourse, Manon Osseweijer; co-production of forests in Andhra Pradesh, India - theoretical and practical considerations, Gautam Yadama; imagined models vs historical practices - Tana Ulen and community-based management of natural resources in the interior of Indonesian Borneo, Christina Eghenter; biophysical perspective on co-management of natural resources, with special reference to the Northern Sierra Madre mountain region (Philippines), Denyse Snelder, Lilian Spijkerman, Jan Sevink. Part three - conclusions: trends in diversity and preferred futures, Roy Ellen.