Electrostatic Accelerators : Fundamentals and Applications (Particle Acceleration and Detection) (2005. XVI, 620 p.)

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Electrostatic Accelerators : Fundamentals and Applications (Particle Acceleration and Detection) (2005. XVI, 620 p.)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 620 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9783540239833

Description


(Text)
Electrostatic accelerators are an important and widespread subgroup within the broad spectrum of modern, large particle acceleration devices. They are specifically designed for applications that require high-quality ion beams in terms of energy stability and emittance at comparatively low energies (a few MeV). Their ability to accelerate virtually any kind of ion over a continuously tunable range of energies makes them a highly versatile tool for investigations in many research fields including, but not limited to, atomic and nuclear spectroscopy, heavy ion reactions, accelerator mass spectroscopy as well as ion-beam analysis and modification. The book is divided into three parts. The first part concisely introduces the field of accelerator technology and techniques that emphasize their major modern applications. The second part treats the electrostatic accelerator per se: its construction and operational principles as well as its maintenance. The third part covers all relevant applications in which electrostatic accelerators are the preferred tool for accelerator-based investigations. Since some topics are common to all types of accelerators, Electrostatic Accelerators will also be of value for those more familiar with other types of accelerators.

(Table of content)
Accelerators.- to Part I - Accelerators.- Accelerators - an Introduction.- Accelerators for Medicine.- Accelerators for Synchrotron Radiation.- The Electrostatic Accelerator.- to Part II - the Electrostatic Accelerator.- History of the Electrostatic Accelerator.- Electrostatics.- Calculation Technique for High-Voltage Equipment in Gas.- Charging Systems.- Development of Charging Belts in Russia.- Cascade Generators.- Voltage Distribution Systems - Resistors and Corona Points.- Accelerator Tubes.- Development of Tubes in Obninsk, Russia.- Stabilization.- Stripper Systems.- Charge Exchange and Electron Stripping.- Carbon Stripper Foils - Preparation and Quality.- Positive-Ion Sources.- Negative-Ion Formation Processes and Sources.- Tandem Terminal Ion Source.- Ion Optics and Beam Transport.- Beam Envelope Techniques for Ion-Optical Calculations.- Equipment for Beam Diagnostics.- Computer Control.- Radiation Protection at an Accelerator Laboratory.- Nonradiation Hazards and Safety Considerations.- Confined-Space Maintenance.- Earthquake Protection - for Pelletrons.- Earthquake Protection of the Bucharest FN Tandem Accelerator.- Electrostatic-Accelerator Free-Electron Lasers.- Research Fields and Their Technical Requirements.- to Part III - Research Fields and Their Technical Requirements.- Isotope Production for Medical Applications.- Nuclear Structure.- Nuclear Reactions.- Detection of Explosives and Other Threats Using Accelerator-Based Neutron Techniques.- Accelerator Mass Spectrometry.- Atomic Collisions in Matter.- Modification of Materials by MeV Ion Beams.- Ion Beam Analysis.- Atomic Structure.- Industrial Electron Accelerators.

Table of Contents

  Part I Accelerators
Introduction to Part I -- Accelerators 3 (1)
R. Hellborg
J. McKay
Accelerators -- an Introduction 4 (20)
R. Hellborg
Accelerators for Medicine 24 (12)
R. Hellborg
S. Mattsson
Accelerators for Synchrotron Radiation 36 (16)
M. Eriksson
S. Sorensen
Part II The Electrostatic Accelerator
Introduction to Part II -- the 51 (1)
Electrostatic Accelerator
R. Hellborg
J. McKay
History of the Electrostatic Accelerator 52 (12)
J. McKay
Electrostatics 64 (25)
H.R.McK. Hyder
Box 1: Calculation Technique for 84 (5)
High-Voltage Equipment in Gas
K.A. Rezvykh
V.A. Romanov
R. Hellborg
Charging Systems 89 (21)
C. Westerfeldt
Box 2: Development of Charging Belts in 101(3)
Russia
V.A. Romanov
Box 3: Cascade Generators 104(6)
R. Hellborg
Voltage Distribution Systems -- Resistors 110(13)
and Corona Points
D. Weisser
Accelerator Tubes 123(29)
H.R. McK. Hyder
Box 4: Development of Tubes in Obninsk, 147(5)
Russia
V.A. Romanov
Stabilization 152(14)
L. Rohrer
H. Schnitter
Stripper Systems 166(26)
D. Weisser
Box 5: Charge Exchange and Electron 181(6)
Stripping
H.J. Whitlow
H. Timmers
Box 6: Carbon Stripper Foils -- 187(5)
Preparation and Quality
V. Liechtenstein
Positive-Ion Sources 192(30)
L. Bartha
Negative-Ion Formation Processes and Sources 222(56)
G.D. Alton
Box 7: Tandem Terminal Ion Source 274(4)
G.C. Harper
Ion Optics and Beam Transport 278(21)
J.D. Larson
Beam Envelope Techniques for Ion-Optical 299(18)
Calculations
S. Bazhal
R. Hellborg
Equipment for Beam Diagnostics 317(11)
M. Friedrich
Computer Control 328(9)
M.L. Roberts
Radiation Protection at an Accelerator 337(41)
Laboratory
R. Hellborg
C. Samuelsson
Box 8: Nonradiation Hazards and Safety 365(4)
Considerations
R. Hellborg
C. Samuelsson
Box 9: Confined-Space Maintenance 369(3)
G.A. Norton
Box 10: Earthquake Protection - for 372(2)
Pelletrons
G.A. Norton
Box 11: Earthquake Protection of the 374(4)
Bucharest FN Tandem Accelerator
S. Dobrescu
L. Marinescu
Electrostatic-Accelerator Free-Electron 378(17)
Lasers
A. Gover
Y. Pinhasi
Part III Research Fields and Their Technical
Requirements
Introduction to Part III -- Research 393(2)
Fields and Their Technical Requirements
R. Hellborg
J. McKay
Isotope Production for Medical Applications 395(18)
A.D. Roberts
T.E. Barnhart
R.J. Nickles
Nuclear Structure 413(16)
C. Fahlander
D. Rudolph
Nuclear Reactions 429(16)
L. Corradi
Detection of Explosives and Other Threats 445(16)
Using Accelerator-Based Neutron Techniques
T. Gozani
Accelerator Mass Spectrometry 461(25)
L.K. Fifield
Atomic Collisions in Matter 486(20)
J. Keinonen
Modification of Materials by MeV Ion Beams 506(24)
Y. Zhang
H.J. Whitlow
Ion Beam Analysis 530(30)
K.G. Malmqvist
Atomic Structure 560(21)
L.J. Curtis
I. Martinson
Industrial Electron Accelerators 581(14)
M. Letournel
A Appendix: Electrostatic Accelerators -- 595(9)
Production and Distribution
H.R.McK. Hyder
R. Hellborg
B Appendix: SI Units and Other Units 604(4)
R. Hellborg
Index 608