Springer Handbook of Nanotechnology, w. CD-ROM : CD for Windows 95/98/ME

Springer Handbook of Nanotechnology, w. CD-ROM : CD for Windows 95/98/ME

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 1,200 p., with CD-ROM
  • 商品コード 9783540012184

基本説明

Contents: Foreword by Neal Lane.- Foreword by James R. Heath.- Introduction.- A: Nanostructures, Micro/Nanofabrication, and Micro/Nanodevices.- B: Scanning Probe Microscopy.- C: Nanotribology and Nanomechanics.- D: Molecularly Thick Films for Lubrication.- and more.

Full Description


Since 2004, the "Springer Handbook of Nanotechnology" has established itself as the definitive reference in the Nanoscience field. It integrates the knowledge from nanofabrication, nanomechanics, materials science, and reliability engineering in just one volume. Beside the presentation of nanostructures, micro/nanofabrication, and micro/nanodevices, special emphasis is placed on scanning probe microscopy, nanotribology and nanomechanics, molecularly thick films, industrial applications and microdevice reliability, and on social aspects. Reflecting further developments, the new edition has grown from six to eight parts and from 38 to 58 chapters. The latest information is added to fields such as bionanotechnology, nanorobotics, and NEMS/MEMS reliability. This classic reference book is orchestrated by a highly experienced editor with a universal knowledge and written by an international team of over 150 distinguished experts. It addresses mechanical and electrical engineers, materials scientists, physicists and chemists who work either in the nano area or in a field that is or will be influenced by this new key technology."The strong point is its focus on many of the practical aspects of nanotechnology...Anyone working in or learning about the field of nanotechnology would find this and excellent working handbook." - "IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine". "Outstandingly succeeds in its aim! It really is a magnificent volume and every scientific library and nanotechnology group should have a copy." - "Materials World". "The integrity and authoritativeness is guaranteed by an experienced editor and an international team of authors which have well summarized in their chapters information on fundamentals and applications." - "Polymer News".

Table of Contents

List of Tables                                     xxix
List of Abbreviations xxxiii
1 Introduction to Nanotechnology 1 (8)
1.1 Background and Definition of 1 (1)
Nanotechnology
1.2 Why Nano? 2 (1)
1.3 Lessons from Nature 2 (1)
1.4 Applications in Different Fields 3 (1)
1.5 Reliability Issues of MEMS/NEMS 4 (1)
1.6 Organization of the Handbook 5 (1)
References 5 (4)
Part A Nanostructures, Micro/Nanofabrication,
and Micro/Nanodevices
2 Nanomaterials Synthesis and Applications: 9 (30)
Molecule-Based Devices
2.1 Chemical Approaches to 10 (4)
Nanostructured Materials
2.2 Molecular Switches and Logic Gates 14 (8)
2.3 Solid State Devices 22 (13)
2.4 Conclusions and Outlook 35 (1)
References 36 (3)
3 Introduction to Carbon Nanotubes 39 (60)
3.1 Structure of Carbon Nanotubes 40 (5)
3.2 Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes 45 (14)
3.3 Growth Mechanisms of Carbon 59 (4)
Nanotubes
3.4 Properties of Carbon Nanotubes 63 (5)
3.5 Carbon Nanotube-Based Nano-Objects 68 (5)
3.6 Applications of Carbon Nanotubes 73 (13)
References 86 (13)
4 Nanowires 99 (48)
4.1 Synthesis 100 (10)
4.2 Characterization and Physical 110 (21)
Properties of Nanowires
4.3 Applications 131 (7)
4.4 Concluding Remarks 138 (1)
References 138 (9)
5 Introduction to Micro/Nanofabrication 147 (38)
5.1 Basic Microfabrication Techniques 148 (11)
5.2 MEMS Fabrication Techniques 159 (11)
5.3 Nanofabrication Techniques 170 (10)
References 180 (5)
6 Stamping Techniques for Micro and 185 (18)
Nanofabrication: Methods and Applications
6.1 High Resolution Stamps 186 (1)
6.2 Microcontact Printing 187 (3)
6.3 Nanotransfer Printing 190 (3)
6.4 Applications 193 (7)
6.5 Conclusions 200 (1)
References 200 (3)
7 Materials Aspects of Micro- and 203 (22)
Nanoelectromechanical Systems
7.1 Silicon 203 (7)
7.2 Germanium-Based Materials 210 (1)
7.3 Metals 211 (1)
7.4 Harsh Environment Semiconductors 212 (5)
7.5 GaAs, InP, and Related III-V 217 (1)
Materials
7.6 Ferroelectric Materials 218 (1)
7.7 Polymer Materials 219 (1)
7.8 Future Trends 220 (1)
References 221 (4)
8 MEMS/NEMS Devices and Applications 225 (28)
8.1 MEMS Devices and Applications 227 (19)
8.2 NEMS Devices and Applications 246 (3)
8.3 Current Challenges and Future Trends 249 (1)
References 250 (3)
9 Microfluidics and Their Applications to 253 (26)
Lab-on-a-Chip
9.1 Materials for Microfluidic Devices 254 (3)
and Micro/Nano Fabrication Techniques
9.2 Active Microfluidic Devices 257 (5)
9.3 Smart Passive Microfluidic Devices 262 (8)
9.4 Lab-on-a-Chip for Biochemical 270 (6)
Analysis
References 276 (3)
10 Therapeutic Nanodevices 279 (46)
10.1 Definitions and Scope of Discussion 280 (5)
10.2 Synthetic Approaches: "top-down" 285 (3)
versus "bottom-up" Approaches for
Nanotherapeutic Device Components
10.3 Technological and Biological 288 (19)
Opportunities
10.4 Applications for Nanotherapeutic 307 (8)
Devices
10.5 Concluding Remarks: Barriers to 315 (2)
Practice and Prospects
References 317 (8)
Part B Scanning Probe Microscopy
11 Scanning probe Microscopy - Principle of 325 (46)
Operation, Instrumentation, and Probes
11.1 Scanning Tunneling Microscope 327 (4)
11.2 Atomic Force Microscope 331 (16)
11.3 AFM Instrumentation and Analyses 347 (17)
References 364 (7)
12 Probes in Scanning Microscopies 371 (14)
12.1 Atomic Force Microscopy 372 (10)
12.2 Scanning Tunneling Microscopy 382 (1)
References 383 (2)
13 Noncontact Atomic Force Microscopy and Its 385 (28)
Related Topics
13.1 Principles of Noncontact Atomic 386 (5)
Force Microscope (NC-AFM)
13.2 Applications to Semiconductors 391 (6)
13.3 Applications to Insulators 397 (7)
13.4 Applications to Molecules 404 (3)
References 407 (6)
14 Low Temperature Scanning Probe Microscopy 413 (36)
14.1 Microscope Operation at Low 414 (1)
Temperatures
14.2 Instrumentation 415 (4)
14.3 Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and 419 (14)
Spectroscopy
14.4 Scanning Force Microscopy and 433 (9)
Spectroscopy
References 442 (7)
15 Dynamic Force Microscopy 449 (26)
15.1 Motivation: Measurement of a Single 450 (4)
Atomic Bond
15.2 Harmonic Oscillator: A Model System 454 (1)
for Dynamic AFM
15.3 Dynamic AFM Operational Modes 455 (9)
15.4 Q-Control 464 (4)
15.5 Dissipation Processes Measured with 468 (3)
Dynamic AFM
15.6 Conclusion 471 (1)
References 471 (4)
16 Molecular Recognition Force Microscopy 475 (22)
16.1 Ligand Tip Chemistry 476 (2)
16.2 Fixation of Receptors to Probe 478 (1)
Surfaces
16.3 Single-Molecule Recognition Force 479 (3)
Detection
16.4 Principles of Molecular Recognition 482 (2)
Force Spectroscopy
16.5 Recognition Force Spectroscopy: From 484 (6)
Isolated Molecules to Biological Membranes
16.6 Recognition Imaging 490 (2)
16.7 Concluding Remarks 492 (1)
References 493 (4)
Part C Nanotribology and Nanomechanics
17 Micro/Nanotribology and Materials 497 (46)
Characterization Studies Using Scanning Probe
Microscopy
17.1 Description of AFM/FFM and Various 499 (8)
Measurement Techniques
17.2 Friction and Adhesion 507 (11)
17.3 Scratching, Wear, Local Deformation, 518 (8)
and Fabrication/Machining
17.4 Indentation 526 (4)
17.5 Boundary Lubrication 530 (8)
17.6 Closure 538 (1)
References 539 (4)
18 Surface Forces and Nanorheology of 543 (62)
Molecularly Thin Films
18.1 Introduction: Types of Surface Forces 544 (2)
18.2 Methods Used to Study Surface Forces 546 (4)
18.3 Normal Forces Between Dry 550 (4)
(Unlubricated) Surfaces
18.4 Normal Forces Between Surfaces in 554 (10)
Liquids
18.5 Adhesion and Capillary Forces 564 (5)
18.6 Introduction: Different Modes of 569 (2)
Friction and the Limits of Continuum
Models
18.7 Relationship Between Adhesion and 571 (9)
Friction Between Dry (Unlubricated and
Solid Boundary Lubricated) Surfaces
18.8 Liquid Lubricated Surfaces 580 (11)
18.9 Role of Molecular Shape and Surface 591 (3)
Structure in Friction
References 594 (11)
19 Scanning Probe Studies of Nanoscale 605 (26)
Adhesion Between Solids in the Presence of
Liquids and Monolayer Films
19.1 The Importance of Adhesion at the 605 (1)
Nanoscale
19.2 Techniques for Measuring Adhesion 606 (4)
19.3 Calibration of Forces, 610 (2)
Displacements, and Tips
19.4 The Effect of Liquid Capillaries on 612 (6)
Adhesion
19.5 Self-Assembled Monolayers 618 (6)
19.6 Concluding Remarks 624 (1)
References 624 (7)
20 Friction and Wear on the Atomic Scale 631 (30)
20.1 Friction Force Microscopy in 632 (4)
Ultra-High Vacuum
20.2 The Tomlinson Model 636 (2)
20.3 Friction Experiments on Atomic Scale 638 (4)
20.4 Thermal Effects on Atomic Friction 642 (4)
20.5 Geometry Effects in Nanocontacts 646 (3)
20.6 Wear on the Atomic Scale 649 (2)
20.7 Molecular Dynamics Simulations of 651 (3)
Atomic Friction and Wear
20.8 Energy Dissipation in Noncontact 654 (2)
Atomic Force Microscopy
20.9 Conclusion 656 (1)
References 657 (4)
21 Nanoscale Mechanical Properties - 661 (26)
Measuring Techniques and Applications
21.1 Local Mechanical Spectroscopy by 662 (5)
Contact AFM
21.2 Static Methods - Mesoscopic Samples 667 (7)
21.3 Scanning Nanoindentation: An 674 (8)
Application to Bone Tissue
21.4 Conclusions and Perspectives 682 (1)
References 682 (5)
22 Nanomechanical Properties of Solid 687 (30)
Surfaces and Thin Films
22.1 Instrumentation 688 (6)
22.2 Data Analysis 694 (8)
22.3 Modes of Deformation 702 (5)
22.4 Thin Films and Multilayers 707 (4)
22.5 Developing Areas 711 (1)
References 712 (5)
23 Atomistic Computer Simulations of 717 (22)
Nanotribology
23.1 Molecular Dynamics 718 (5)
23.2 Friction Mechanisms at the Atomic 723 (9)
Scale
23.3 Stick-Slip Dynamics 732 (2)
23.4 Conclusions 734 (1)
References 735 (4)
24 Mechanics of Biological Nanotechnology 739 (24)
24.1 Science at the 740 (6)
Biology-Nanotechnology Interface
24.2 Scales at the Bio-Nano Interface 746 (6)
24.3 Modeling at the Nano-Bio Interface 752 (3)
24.4 Nature's Nanotechnology Revealed: 755 (5)
Viruses as a Case Study
24.5 Concluding Remarks 760 (1)
References 761 (2)
25 Mechanical Properties of Nanostructures 763 (28)
25.1 Experimental Techniques for 765 (5)
Measurement of Mechanical Properties of
Nanostructures
25.2 Experimental Results and Discussion 770 (8)
25.3 Finite Element Analysis of 778 (7)
Nanostructures with Roughness and
Scratches
25.4 Closure 785 (1)
References 786 (5)
Part D Molecularly Thick Films for Lubrication
26 Nanotribology of Ultrathin and Hard 791 (40)
Amorphous Carbon Films
26.1 Description of Commonly Used 795 (5)
Deposition Techniques
26.2 Chemical Characterization and Effect 800 (5)
of Deposition Conditions on Chemical
Characteristics and Physical Properties
26.3 Micromechanical and Tribological 805 (22)
Characterizations of Coatings Deposited
by Various Techniques
References 827 (4)
27 Self-Assembled Monolayers for Controlling 831 (30)
Adhesion, Friction a fid Wear
27.1 A Primer to Organic Chemistry 834 (5)
27.2 Self-Assembled Monolayers: 839 (2)
Substrates, Head Groups, Spacer Chains,
and End Groups
27.3 Tribological Properties of SAMs 841 (15)
27.4 Closure 856 (1)
References 857 (4)
28 Nanoscale Boundary Lubrication Studies 861 (22)
28.1 Lubricants Details 862 (2)
28.2 Nanodeformation, Molecular 864 (2)
Conformation, and Lubricant Spreading
28.3 Boundary Lubrication Studies 866 (14)
28.4 Closure 880 (1)
References 881 (2)
29 Kinetics and Energetics in Nanolubrication 883 (16)
29.1 Background: From Bulk to Molecular 885 (2)
Lubrication
29.2 Thermal Activation Model of 887 (1)
Lubricated Friction
29.3 Functional Behavior of Lubricated 888 (2)
Friction
29.4 Thermodynamical Models Based on 890 (1)
Small and Nonconforming Contacts
29.5 Limitation of the Gaussian 891 (1)
Statistics - The Fractal Space
29.6 Fractal Mobility In Reactive 892 (2)
Lubrication
29.7 Metastable Lubricant Systems In 894 (1)
Large Conforming Contacts
29.8 Conclusion 895 (1)
References 895 (4)
Part E Industrial Applications and Microdevice
Reliability
30 Nanotechnology for Data Storage 899 (22)
Applications
30.1 Current Status of Commercial Data 901 (6)
Storage Devices
30.2 Opportunities Offered by 907 (11)
Nanotechnology for Data Storage
30.3 Conclusion 918 (1)
References 919 (2)
31 The "Millipede" - A Nanotechnology-Based 921 (30)
AFM Data-Storage System
31.1 The Millipede Concept 923 (1)
31.2 Thermomechanical AFM Data Storage 924 (2)
31.3 Array Design, Technology, and 926 (1)
Fabrication
31.4 Array Characterization 927 (2)
31.5 x/y/z Medium Microscanner 929 (2)
31.6 First Write/Read Results with the 931 (1)
32x32 Array Chip
31.7 Polymer Medium 932 (7)
31.8 Read Channel Model 939 (4)
31.9 System Aspects 943 (5)
31.10 Conclusions 948 (1)
References 948 (3)
32 Microactuators for Dual-Stage Servo 951 (32)
Systems in Magnetic Disk Files
32.1 Design of the Electrostatic 952 (10)
Microactuator
32.2 Fabrication 962 (6)
32.3 Servo Control Design of MEMS 968 (10)
Microactuator Dual-Stage Servo Systems
32.4 Conclusions and Outlook 978 (1)
References 979 (4)
33 Micro/Nanotribology of MEMS/NEMS Materials 983 (40)
and Devices
33.1 Introduction to MEMS 985 (3)
33.2 Introduction to NEMS 988 (1)
33.3 Tribological Issues in MEMS/NEMS 989 (6)
33.4 Tribological Studies of Silicon and 995 (8)
Related Materials
33.5 Lubrication Studies for MEMS/NEMS 1003 (6)
33.6 Component-Level Studies 1009 (8)
References 1017 (6)
34 Mechanical Properties of Micromachined 1023 (16)
Structures
34.1 Measuring Mechanical Properties of 1023 (1)
Films on Substrates
34.2 Micromachined Structures for 1024 (10)
Measuring Mechanical Properties
34.3 Measurements of Mechanical Properties 1034 (3)
References 1037 (2)
35 Thermo- and Electromechanics of Thin-Film 1039 (44)
Microstructures
35.1 Thermomechanics of Multilayer 1041 (20)
Thin-Film Microstructures
35.2 Electromechanics of Thin-Film 1061 (17)
Microstructures
35.3 Summary and Mention of Topics not 1078 (1)
Covered
References 1078 (5)
36 High Volume Manufacturing and Field 1083 (28)
Stability of MEMS Products
36.1 Manufacturing Strategy 1086 (1)
36.2 Robust Manufacturing 1087 (15)
36.3 Stable Field Performance 1102 (4)
References 1106 (5)
37 MEMS Packaging and Thermal Issues in 1111 (24)
Reliability
37.1 MEMS Packaging 1111 (5)
37.2 Hermetic and Vacuum Packaging and 1116 (6)
Applications
37.3 Thermal Issues and Packaging 1122 (6)
Reliability
37.4 Future Trends and Summary 1128 (1)
References 1129 (6)
Part F Social and Ethical Implication
38 Social and Ethical Implications of 1135 (18)
Nanotechnology
38.1 Applications and Societal Impacts 1136 (3)
38.2 Technological Convergence 1139 (2)
38.3 Major Socio-technical Trends 1141 (2)
38.4 Sources of Ethical Behavior 1143 (2)
38.5 Public Opinion 1145 (3)
38.6 A Research Agenda 1148 (1)
References 1149 (4)
Acknowledgements 1153 (2)
About the Authors 1155 (16)
Detailed Contents 1171 (18)
Subject Index 1189