Controversies in Criminal Justice : Contemporary Readings

Controversies in Criminal Justice : Contemporary Readings

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 362 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9781891487941
  • DDC分類 364.973

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments                                    iv
About the Editors x
About the Contributors xi
Introduction 1 (4)
Part One: The Nature of American Crime
Introduction 5 (3)
National Drug Control Policy: Should We 8 (28)
Legalize Drugs?
Yes: Drug Prohibition in the United States: 10 (16)
Costs, Consequences, and Alternatives
Ethan A. Nadelmann
No: Against the Legalization of Drugs 26 (10)
James Q. Wilson
Guns and Crime: Should We Relax Gun Permit 36 (20)
Laws?
Yes: Easing Concealed Firearms Laws: 38 (8)
Effects on Homicide in Three States
David McDowall
Colin Loftin
Brian Wiersema
No: Firearms Costs, Firearms Benefits, and 46 (10)
the Limits of Knowledge
Daniel D. Polsby
Intelligence and Crime: Do Those With Less 56 (27)
Intelligence Commit More Crime?
Yes: The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class 58 (10)
Structure in American Life
Richard J. Herrnstein
Charles Murray
No: Crime and the Bell Curve: Lessons from 68 (15)
Intelligent Criminology
Francis T. Cullen
Paul Gendreau
G. Roger Jarjoura
John Paul Wright
Terrorism: Has the Government Gone Too Far in 83 (20)
the Fight Against Terrorism?
Yes: Regarding Eavesdropping on 85 (9)
Confidential Attorney-Client Communications
No: Big Guns, Little Guns: On the Role of 94 (7)
Military and Private Gun Ownership in
Combating Foreign Terrorism in the United
States After 9/11
Dave Klinger
Dave Grossman
Part Two: Law Enforcement and Community Policing
Introduction 101(2)
Police Organizations: Should Police 103(22)
Organizations Model Themselves More Like the
`Real' Military?
Yes: The Myth of the `Military Model' of 105(11)
Leadership in Law Enforcement
Thomas J. Cowper
No: Reenvisioning Police, Reinvigorating 116(9)
Policing: A Response to Thomas Cowper
Michael E. Buerger
Community-Oriented Policing: Are We There Yet? 125(10)
Yes: Community Policing: Thriving Because 127(4)
It Works
Larry C. Plummer
No: A Response to `Community Policing: 131(4)
Thriving Because It Works'
David L. Carter
Zero-Tolerance Policing: Is It Effective in 135(23)
Reducing Crime?
Yes: Declining Crime Rates: Insiders' Views 137(7)
of the New York City Story
George L. Kelling
William J. Bratton
No: Zero-Tolerance Policing and the 144(14)
Experience of New York City
Chris Cunneen
Racial Profiling: Do the Police Target 158(9)
Minorities for Traffic Stops?
Yes: Montgomery Traffic Data Show Race 160(2)
Disparity
Phuong Ly
No: Police Target Most Likely Criminals of 162(3)
All Races
Jerry Oliver
Part Three: Administering Criminal Law in the
Courts
Introduction 165(2)
Does the Federal Grand Jury Adequately 167(23)
Perform Its Screening Role?
Yes: If It Ain't Broke, Don't Fix It 169(13)
Thomas P. Sullivan
Robert D. Nachman
No: Why the Grand Jury Cannot Effectively 182(8)
Screen the Prosecutor's Charging Decisions
Andrew D. Leipold
Are Drug Courts a Promising Pretrial Strategy? 190(38)
Yes: Looking at a Decade of Drug Courts 192(12)
No: The Drug Court Scandal 204(24)
Morris B. Hoffman
The Public as Thirteenth Juror: Should 228(29)
Cameras Be in the Courtroom During Criminal
Trials?
Yes: Time, TV, and Criminal Justice: Second 230(17)
Thoughts on the Simpson Trial
Samuel H. Pillsbury
No: The Distortion of Criminal Trials 247(8)
Through Televised Proceedings
Taffiny S. Stewart
Part Four: Punishment of Offenders
Introduction 255(2)
Lock 'Em Up: Do We Overuse Imprisonment as a 257(15)
Punishment Strategy?
Yes: Lethal Violence and the Overreach of 259(5)
American Imprisonment
Franklin E. Zimring
No: Supply Side Imprisonment Policy 264(8)
Michael K. Block
Beyond Revenge: Will the Restorative Justice 272(22)
Paradigm Achieve Its Intended Goals?
Yes: Moving Toward Community Justice 274(6)
Eduardo Barajas, Jr.
No: Reconsidering Restorative Justice: The 280(14)
Corruption of Benevolence Revisited?
Sharon Levrant
Francis T. Cullen
Betsy Fulton
John F. Wozniak
For Profit or Punishment: Should Jails and 294(25)
Prisons Be Privatized?
Yes: Correctional Privatization: The Issues 296(12)
and the Evidence
Charles W. Thomas
No: McPrisons Are McFailures by Most If Not 308(11)
All Objective Measures
Richard G. Hogan
Is It a Good Idea to House Juveniles in Adult 319(24)
Correctional Facilities?
Yes: The House of Last Resort: 321(9)
Incarcerating Juveniles in Adult Prisons
David L. Myers
No: Arguments Against the Confinement of 330(13)
Juveniles with Adult Offenders
David W. Roush
Earl L. Dunlap
Jill Rinella
Megan's Law: Should Neighbors Be Notified 343(3)
When a Sex Offender Is Released Into Their
Community?
Yes: Community Notification: A Valuable 346(7)
Strategy for Managing Sex Offenders in the
Community
Mary Ann Farkas
No: Latent Consequences of Community 353
Notification Laws
Lisa L. Sample
Anthony J. Streveler