A Short History of Bali : Indonesia's Hindu Realm (Short History of Asia)

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A Short History of Bali : Indonesia's Hindu Realm (Short History of Asia)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 208 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9781865088631
  • DDC分類 959.86

Full Description


Two million tourists visit Bali every year. Many want to know more about the island, its often turbulent past, and the forces that have shaped its universally appealing culture. This lively and informative concise history is for them, and for others interested in a unique but important province of Indonesia.A Short History of Bali covers the entire history of this intriguing and mysterious island, from before the Bronze Age to the presidency of Megawati Sukarnoputri and the tragedy of the Kuta bombings on 12 October 2002. It looks at the arrival of Indian culture, early European contact, the role of anthropologists and taste-makers of the 1930s in romanticising the island, and the complex legacies of Dutch control. It tells of the Japanese Occupation, the Indonesian Revolution, the massacres of 1965-66, and the onset of mass tourism under the Soeharto regime. Finally, it looks at recent economic progress, as well as its flip side - environmental problems generated by population growth and massive tourist development. It also draws on Balinese opinion about the meaning of the island's past and its future in the new Indonesian democracy.AShort History of Bali is an important insight into the complicated and surprising history of one of Asia's most captivating societies.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments and a word on names, spelling      x
and sources
Abbreviations xiii
Introduction xv
1 A snug little amphitheatre: The Balinese 1 (27)
setting
Born of fire and water 1 (5)
What is 'Bali'? 6 (3)
Who is Balinese and who might not be? 9 (3)
Intricate and formal delights: The appeal 12 (7)
of Balinese culture
Civic and professional organisation 19 (3)
Kinship-based organisation 22 (2)
Caste and Hinduism on Bali 24 (4)
2 Moonset at Pejeng: Glimpses of Balinese 28 (13)
prehistory
Earliest arrivals: Did Java Man make it to 30 (1)
Bali?
The Austronesian Revolution: Bronze, iron 31 (6)
and the development of agriculture
The importance of early trade 37 (2)
Bali on the eve of Indianisation 39 (2)
3 From Indianisation to the Majapahit Empire 41 (30)
(ninth to sixteenth centuries)
The summoning of the Brahmans 42 (3)
Old Bali 45 (14)
The Majapahit conquest 59 (4)
Gelgel and the Golden Age 63 (7)
Why Bali remained Hindu 70 (1)
4 The Balinese state to the eve of Dutch 71 (11)
control (seventeenth to nineteenth centuries)
5 The Dutch arrive: From first contact to 82 (27)
final conquest (1597-1908)
Slavery and merchant adventure 84 (5)
Napoleon, Raffles and Singapore put Bali on 89 (3)
the map
Enter the convivial Dane 92 (4)
Conquest: The first stage 96 (7)
The finishing 103 (3)
The meaning of puputan 106 (3)
6 Pax and poverty Neerlandica (1908-1942) 109 (17)
Economic and social impact 115 (5)
Inventing tradition 120 (6)
7 The world discovers Bali (1902-1942) 126 (31)
The first tourists 127 (5)
The pivotal personality 132 (1)
Changing styles in painting ... 133 (6)
...and other art forms 139 (3)
Tourism takes root 142 (5)
Ambrosia to the anthropologists 147 (6)
The curtain drops 153 (4)
8 Occupation, revolution and bloodbath 157 (24)
(1942-1966)
Japanese occupation 158 (1)
The Indonesian Revolution on Bali 159 (7)
The Sukarno era 166 (6)
Prelude to cataclysm 172 (3)
The killings of 1965-66 175 (6)
9 Dictatorship, democracy and the evolution 181 (22)
of tourism (1966-2002)
Tourism hits high gear 184 (4)
'Tourists for Bali-not Bali for tourists' 188 (7)
The economic offspring of tourism 195 (1)
Demographic trends: Family planning 196 (2)
O Pioneers! Transmigration 198 (2)
Balinese agriculture transformed 200 (3)
10 Bali in the twenty-first century: New 203 (24)
challenges, including terrorism
A whiff of paranoia 207 (2)
The Hindu schism 209 (2)
Religious tolerance on Bali 211 (1)
The arts: Still lively... 212 (1)
...but is it sustainable 213 (4)
'Bali makin jelek' 217 (4)
The challenge of decentralisation 221 (3)
Conclusion 224 (3)
11 Some closing thoughts 227 (5)
Glossary 232 (3)
Notes 235 (10)
Selected further reading 245 (9)
Index 254