Psychodynamic Psychology : Classical Theory and Contemporary Research

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Psychodynamic Psychology : Classical Theory and Contemporary Research

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  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9781861527479
  • DDC分類 155

Table of Contents

About the author                                   xi
Preface xiii
Acknowledgements xv
1 Psychodynamic psychology 1 (21)
Defining psychodynamic psychology 2 (6)
Psychoanalysis and psychodynamic psychology 4 (1)
A brief history of psychoanalysis and 5 (3)
psychodynamic psychology
The scientific status of psychodynamic 8 (7)
psychology
Epistemological foundations 8 (2)
Research methods 10 (3)
The changing nature of science 13 (1)
Conclusion: is psychoanalysis a science? 14 (1)
Responses to psychodynamic ideas 15 (7)
Defensiveness and cognitive bias 15 (1)
Personality and cognitive style 16 (3)
Politics and psychodynamic psychology 19 (1)
Conclusions 20 (2)
2 Freudian theory I: the mechanisms and 22 (32)
manifestations of the unconscious mind
The nature of Freud's unconscious mind 23 (5)
Instincts and early experience 24 (1)
The structural model of the mind 25 (3)
Manifestations of the unconscious mind 28 (1)
Conversion (hysteria) 28 (5)
The validity of conversion disorder 30 (1)
Freudian theory and conversion 31 (2)
Parapraxis (the Freudian slip) 33 (3)
Dreams 36 (6)
Dream work 38 (2)
A later modification to the early dream 40 (1)
theory
The psychological origins of dreams 41 (1)
Psychological defence mechanisms 42 (12)
Denial and disavowal 44 (1)
Projection 45 (2)
Repression 47 (4)
Reaction 51 (1)
Conclusions 51 (3)
3 Freudian theory II: psychosexuality 54 (21)
Seduction theory 55 (6)
The 'abandonment' of seduction theory 58 (3)
Psychosexual development 61 (14)
Libido plasticity and object relations 61 (1)
Fixation 62 (1)
The oral phase 62 (2)
The anal phase 64 (3)
The infantile genital (or phallic) phase 67 (6)
Conclusions 73 (2)
4 Adler's individual psychology 75 (15)
The unconscious mind 76 (3)
Determinism and teleology 77 (1)
Dreams 77 (2)
The inferiority complex and drive for 79 (4)
superiority
Inferiority complex and domestic violence 81 (1)
Inferiority complex and coping style 82 (1)
Compensation 82 (1)
Family dynamics 83 (4)
Research into birth order 85 (1)
Style of life and personality 86 (1)
Social interest 87 (3)
Conclusions 88 (2)
5 Jung's analytical psychology 90 (15)
The unconscious mind 91 (1)
Libido and instinct 91 (1)
Dreams 92 (1)
The individual unconscious 92 (4)
Word association 93 (3)
Personality types 96 (1)
Research into Jungian types 97
The collective unconscious 96 (9)
Archetypes 99 (1)
Archetypal parts of the personality 99 (1)
Applications of archetype theory 100 (3)
Conclusions 103 (2)
6 Object relations: from Kleinian 105 (32)
psychoanalysis to attachment theory
Defining object relations 106 (1)
Kleinian theory 107 (6)
Instinct and phantasy 107 (2)
Introjection and the inner world 109 (2)
Developmental positions 111 (1)
Discussion of Klein's contributions 112 (1)
The British Independent School of object 113 (7)
relations
Fairbairn's 'pure' object relations theory 113 (2)
Winnicott's contributions to object 115 (3)
relations theory
Research into the sequelae of early object 118 (2)
relations
Attachment theory 120 (5)
The evolutionary basis of attachment 121 (1)
The behavioural systems of mother-infant 122 (1)
interaction
Internal working models and 123 (2)
intergenerational transmission
Ainsworth's refinements to attachment theory 125 (4)
The strange situation 125 (1)
Attachment types 126 (1)
Sensitive responsiveness: the precursor of 127 (2)
secure attachment
Sequelae of attachment type in adulthood 129 (8)
Social interaction and adult relationships 131 (4)
Conclusions 135 (2)
7 Erikson's theory of lifespan development 137 (23)
The importance of ego and identity 138 (1)
The cultural dimension to psychological 138 (2)
development
Psychosocial development 140 (1)
Childhood development 141 (5)
The oral-sensory stage 141 (2)
The muscular-anal stage 143 (1)
The locomotor-genital stage 144 (1)
The latency stage 145 (1)
Adolescent development 146 (4)
Research into the developmental 147 (1)
significance of adolescence
Research into adolescent identity formation 147 (1)
Research into the importance of parental 148 (1)
relationships
Adolescence in popular culture 149 (1)
Adult development 150 (6)
Young adulthood 150 (2)
Adulthood 152 (2)
Maturity 154 (2)
General considerations of Erikson's ideas 156 (4)
Erikson's place in psychology and 156 (1)
psychoanalysis
The status of the epigenetic principle 157 (1)
Generalizability to a range of populations 157 (1)
Conclusions 158 (2)
8 Psychodynamic therapies I: process 160 (20)
Common and distinctive features of 161 (7)
psychodynamic therapy
Common factors 161 (2)
Distinguishing features of psychodynamic 163 (3)
therapy
Modalities of psychodynamic therapy 166 (2)
The major principles and techniques of 168 (12)
psychodynamic therapy
Free association 168 (2)
Abreaction and catharsis 170 (1)
Alternative explanations 170 (1)
Transference 171 (4)
Countertransference 175 (1)
Theoretical variations in psychodynamic 176 (1)
practice
Conclusions 177 (3)
9 Psychodynamic therapies II: outcome 180 (18)
The historical and current context of outcome 181 (2)
research
The current context 182 (1)
The Parry report 183 (1)
Methodological issues in assessing outcome 183 (3)
Outcome measures 183 (1)
Effectiveness vs efficacy studies 184 (2)
Contemporary outcome studies 186 (12)
Psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic 186 (3)
psychotherapy
Child psychotherapy 189 (2)
Group psychoanalytic psychotherapy 191 (1)
Brief dynamic therapy and psychodynamic 192 (2)
counselling
Contemporary meta-analyses of psychodynamic 194 (2)
outcomes
Conclusions 196 (2)
References 198 (17)
Index 215