Evaluating International Humanitarian Action : Reflections from Practitioners

Evaluating International Humanitarian Action : Reflections from Practitioners

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 222 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9781856499767
  • DDC分類 363.348

基本説明

Wide-ranging case studies from Africa, South East and Central Asia, Oceania, and the Balkans.

Full Description


Humanitarian intervention has become a much more frequent form of development assistance, and there has been a corresponding need to evaluate the effectiveness of such interventions. This is the first compilation of the experiences of practitioners engaged in humanitarian programme evaluations, and the lessons they have learned. The case studies cover the different kinds of humanitarian emergency characteristic of the past decade. The contributors address the context in which evaluations of humanitarian assistance take place; the actual process of doing evaluations; and the lessons for improving how such evaluations might be better undertaken in future. This pioneering volume should be of practical value to agencies and individuals engaged in both the delivery of humanitarian assistance in complex emergencies and its evaluation.

Table of Contents

        List of Maps, Figures and Boxes            viii
Abbreviations x
ALNAP: Active Learning Network for xiii
Accountability and Performance in Humanitarian
Action
Acknowledgements xiv
About the Editors and Contributors xv
Foreword xix
Introduction 1 (18)
Adrian Wood
Raymond Apthorpe
John Borton
Who is this book for? 2 (2)
The international humanitarian system and 4 (6)
trends in humanitarian assistance
The growth of humanitarian evaluation 10 (2)
Introduction to the case studies 12 (4)
The contributors 16 (1)
Learning from the case studies 17 (2)
Somalia: Towards Evaluating the Netherlands' 19 (20)
Humanitarian Assistance
Phil O'Keefe
Ted Kliest
John Kirkby
Wiert Flikkema
Objectives of the study 21 (1)
Designing the evaluation 21 (2)
Compiling the teams and preparing for work 23 (2)
Analytical approach 25 (1)
Scope and limitations of the evaluation 26 (2)
Approaches to the evaluation of the cases 28 (2)
Fieldwork: understanding the situation on 30 (2)
the ground
Getting to conclusions 32 (2)
Writing up 34 (2)
Self-evaluation 36 (2)
Impact and follow-up 38 (1)
Exploring the Swedish Emergency Relief 39 (20)
Experience in the Horn of Africa
Adrian Wood
Landing the contract 39 (2)
Compiling the team 41 (2)
Familiarization and preparing for the 43 (2)
planning meeting
Meeting up 45 (4)
Field process: adjusting to reality 49 (4)
Writing up 53 (1)
Feedback and finalization 54 (1)
Dissemination 55 (1)
Reflections and conclusions 56 (3)
Evaluating Sida's Complex Emergency 59 (15)
Assistance in Cambodia: Conflicting
Perceptions
Claes Lindahl
The art and the science of evaluation 59 (2)
Origins of the mission and selection of the 61 (2)
team
Coping with the Terms of Reference 63 (2)
Not developing a methodology 65 (1)
The narrow timeframe 66 (1)
Fieldwork 66 (1)
Report writing 67 (1)
Lessons for humanitarian assistance 68 (4)
evaluation
Conclusions: more of a science, but still 72 (2)
mostly an art
Doing Study 3 of the Joint Evaluation of 74 (28)
Emergency Assistance to Rwanda: The Team
Leader's Perspective
John Borton
Landing the contract 78 (1)
Losing the Team Leader and starting work 79 (4)
Assembling the team 83 (3)
Back-up and support issues 86 (1)
Fieldwork methods 87 (3)
Preparing the draft report 90 (5)
Preparing the final report 95 (3)
Follow-up 98 (1)
Some concluding comments 99 (3)
Mission Possible: Six Years of WFP Emergency 102 (20)
Food Aid in West Africa
Raymond Apthorpe
Team composition 104 (1)
Team dynamics 105 (2)
Terms of Reference and field reality 107 (4)
Relations with our client's country 111 (1)
directors
Fighting false socio-political assumptions 112 (2)
and the limitations of `consultancy'
Getting from evidential findings to 114 (3)
conclusions and then policy recommendations
Briefing and debriefings in Rome and 117 (3)
in-country
An independent evaluation? 120 (1)
A final proposition 120 (2)
Review of the International Federation of Red 122 (11)
Cross and Red Crescent Societies' Tajikistan
Programme
Peter Wiles
Context for the review 124 (1)
Setting up the review 125 (1)
Preparations before the fieldwork 126 (1)
The fieldwork 127 (1)
Functioning of the team 128 (1)
Debriefing 128 (1)
Writing the report 129 (1)
The report and its follow-up 129 (2)
Reflections 131 (2)
A Self-evaluaiton of my Experience Reviewing 133 (20)
Australia's Official Assistance in Response
to the 1997-98 Papua New Guinea Drought
David A.M. Lea
Setting up the evaluation and team formation 134 (1)
Contracts 135 (1)
Terms of Reference 135 (2)
Briefings 137 (1)
Developing methodology 138 (2)
Selection of study areas 140 (1)
Undertaking fieldwork 140 (2)
Team coherence 142 (1)
Relations with the commissioning agents 143 (1)
Writing the report 144 (4)
Reflections on the Review process 148 (5)
An Experimental and Inclusive Approach to 153 (18)
Evaluation as a Lesson-learning Tool: Groupe
URD's Work on the Post-Hurricane Mitch
Emergency
Francois Grunewald
Claire Pirotte
Veronique de Geoffroy
Initiation of the programme 153 (2)
The work of the Task Force 155 (1)
The period prior to the mission 156 (3)
The mission 159 (4)
After the mission 163 (5)
Conclusions 168 (3)
UNICEF-DFID Joint Evaluation of UNICEF's 171 (19)
Kosovo Emergency Preparedness and Response
John Telford
The 1999 Kosovo crisis and UNICEF strategy 174 (1)
Setting up the evaluation and recruiting 175 (1)
the team
Starting work: reviewing the TOR and 176 (1)
planning
Field methods and organization 177 (2)
Fieldwork 179 (2)
Team dynamics 181 (1)
Coming to a team position 182 (1)
Writing up: modus operandi 183 (1)
Debriefing and finalization 184 (1)
Reflections on method and process 185 (5)
Conclusions 190 (22)
Adrian Wood
Raymond Apthorpe
John Borton
The diversity of the studies 190 (6)
Lessons for the practicalities of `doing' 196 (12)
humanitarian evaluations
Improving the approach to humanitarian 208 (4)
evaluations
References 212 (5)
Index 217