If This Be from Heaven... : Jesus and the New Testament Authors in Their Relationship to Judaism

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If This Be from Heaven... : Jesus and the New Testament Authors in Their Relationship to Judaism

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9781841271965
  • DDC分類 230

Full Description


This is both an introduction to the New Testament and a study of its writings in relation to Judaism. The aim is to explore both the clear Jewish roots of the New Testament and its incipient anti-Judaism. This is both an introduction to the New Testament and a study of its writings in relation to Judaism. The aim is to explore both the clear Jewish roots of the New Testament and its incipient anti-Judaism. The first two chapters give an overview of Jewish life and religion in the Greco-Roman world with special attention to the various groups and schools, among which the Jesus movement originated. Another chapter focusses on the tradition of the words and deeds of Jesus, the enigmatic teacher from Nazareth. The rest of the book studies the range of New Testament writings in their varied attitude towards Judaism. The concluding chapter is about how Christians might handle anti-Jewish texts in their Bible.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            9  (2)
Foundation for Scientific Research into 11 (1)
Christian Literature on Jews and Judaism
Abbreviations 12 (1)
Introduction: Reading the New Testament Anew 13 (1)
Jews, Anti-Semitism and the New Testament 13 (2)
Reading 15 (1)
Reading Historically 16 (3)
Reading after Auschwitz 19 (3)
Liturgical Reading 22 (2)
`Church' and `Synagogue' 24 (3)
Judaism in the Graeco-Roman World 27 (43)
The Graeco-Roman World 27 (5)
Jewish Places of Residence, Languages and 32 (13)
Writings
Alexandria: The Septuagint, Philo and 33 (5)
Hatred of the Jews
Multilingualism in the Holy Land 38 (3)
Antioch, Asia Minor, Greece, Babylonia, 41 (4)
Rome
Jewish Movements and Writings in the Holy 45 (25)
Land
Qumran and the Essene Writings 47 (3)
The Pharisees and Rabbinic Tradition 50 (5)
The Sadducees 55 (2)
Pious Individuals in between the 57 (4)
Pharisees and the Essenes
Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha 61 (3)
Shammaites, Hillelites and Rabbinic 64 (2)
Judaism
Rabbinic Literature 66 (4)
Jewish Religious Life 70 (46)
Temple and Synagogue 71 (4)
Liturgy and Calendar 75 (6)
The Preaching or Scripture Interpretation 81 (5)
The Law 86 (16)
Shabbat 91 (3)
Purity Regulations 94 (4)
Dietary Rules 98 (1)
Divorce 99 (3)
Jews and Non-Jews 102(14)
Jewish Specificity and Universal Humanity 102(4)
Idol Worshippers, God-Fearers and 106(4)
Proselytes
`Jews' and `Israel' 110(6)
Jesus 116(52)
The Historical Figure of Jesus 117(8)
The Strangeness 117(2)
Theology and History 119(1)
Christianity and Judaism 120(2)
The Nature of the Gospels 122(3)
The Mission of Jesus 125(19)
The First Appearance 126(2)
The Gospel 128(1)
Jesus and John the Baptist 129(3)
The Mission 132(2)
`I am come to...' 134(4)
That Which Is New 138(3)
The Preaching 141(3)
Jesus and the Law 144(15)
That Which is Most Important in the Law 145(3)
The Specific Commandments 148(1)
Divorce 149(3)
Shabbat 152(4)
Purity 156(3)
The Non-Jews 159(3)
Passover in Jerusalem 162(6)
Paul 168(46)
The Jewish Apostle to the Nations and his 168(7)
Epistles
Paul's Conversion 175(4)
The Gospel for the Non-Jews 179(5)
Justification of Jew and Greek 184(6)
Justification of the Sinner 190(4)
The Law and the Teachings of Jesus 194(8)
The Clash with Jerusalem 202(6)
The Irrevocable Calling of Israel 208(6)
Luke and Acts 214(41)
Coherence, Theme and Goal 214(3)
The Positive Significance of the Law 217(6)
The Positive Portrayal of the Pharisees 223(6)
Jewish and Non-Jewish Christians 229(5)
Luke's Image of Paul 234(9)
Luke's Gospel 243(4)
A Pauline Canon 247(8)
Mark and Matthew 255(35)
Mark: The First Written Gospel? 255(2)
Mark and Judaism 257(6)
Matthew's Revision of Mark 263(4)
Jesus' Enemies in Mark and Matthew 267(9)
Scribes 268(1)
Chief Priests 269(1)
The Elders and the Council 270(1)
Jesus' Enemies in Mark 271(1)
Jesus' Enemies in Matthew 272(4)
Jews and Israel 276(3)
Matthew, the Jews and the Non-Jews 279(5)
The Jewish Law in Matthew 284(6)
John 290(43)
The Peculiar World of the Gospel of John 291(23)
The Mysterious Author 291(2)
The Asides 293(2)
The Vocabulary and World View 295(4)
The Structure: Feasts and Signs 299(3)
The Christological Allegory 302(4)
A Peculiar Jewish-Christian Tradition 306(4)
The Date of Passover 310(2)
The Johannine Milieu 312(2)
Shabbat (Sabbath) 314(5)
Jesus, Moses and the Law 319(3)
Jews and Israel 322(6)
The Johannine Milieu and the Jews 328(5)
Letters of the Jewish Churches 333(59)
`Jewish Churches' and Other Terminology 333(3)
Jude 336(4)
Jewish-Christian Apocalyptics 336(3)
A Relative of Jesus? 339(1)
Conclusion 340(1)
James 340(13)
An `Epistle' of James 341(1)
A Jewish-Christian Document 342(4)
The Importance of the Law 346(2)
Faith and Works: James and Paul 348(5)
Conclusion 353(1)
Hebrews 353(9)
Jewish-Christian Elements 355(2)
The Platonizing Allegory 357(2)
The Practical Validity of the Law 359(3)
Conclusion 362(1)
The Revelation of John 362(18)
Nature and Composition 363(3)
Jewish Background: The Heavenly Jerusalem 366(7)
Historical Situation: The Earthly 373(7)
Jerusalem
Conclusion 380(1)
Appendix: The Didache 380(12)
An Unusual Document 380(2)
The `Two Ways' 382(2)
The `Gospel' 384(3)
Jewish-Christian Halakah 387(3)
Conclusion: The Didache and the 390(2)
Jewish-Christian Milieus
The New Testament and the Jews 392(31)
Hate and Diabolizing 392(2)
Early Christian Milieus in Relation to 394(16)
Judaism
Jesus and the Gospel Tradition 395(2)
The Jewish Churches and their Writings 397(2)
The Churches of Non-Jews: Pauline and 399(2)
Lukan Writings
The Johannine Tradition and Writings 401(3)
Mark and Matthew 404(4)
Gnostic Gospels 408(1)
Conclusion: The Canon of the New Testament 409(1)
Dealing with Anti-Judaism in the New 410(5)
Testament
Reading in an Open Community 415(8)
Accounting for the Methodology 423(5)
Bibliography 428(9)
Index of References 437