Isidore of Seville : On the Nature of Things (Translated Texts for Historians) (TRA)

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Isidore of Seville : On the Nature of Things (Translated Texts for Historians) (TRA)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 313 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9781781382943
  • DDC分類 551.5

Full Description


For scholars in the European Middle Ages, Isidore, bishop of Seville (560? - 636) was one of the most influential authorities for understanding the natural world. Isidore's On the Nature of Things is the first work on natural science by a Christian author that is not a commentary on the creation story in Genesis. Instead, Isidore adopted a classical model to describe the structure of the physical cosmos, and discuss the principles of astronomy, physics, geography, meteorology and time-reckoning. Into this framework he incorporated an eclectic array of ancient and patristic erudition. The fact that On the Nature of Things presents an essentially Greco-Roman picture of the universe, but amplified with Christian reflections and allegories, played a crucial role in the assimilation of ancient science into the emerging culture of the Middle Ages. It exerted a deep and long-lasting influence on scholars like Bede, one of whose earliest works was an adaptation of On the Nature of Things. On the Nature of Things provides a new window into vital intellectual currents, as yet largely unexplored, flowing from Visigothic Spain into Celtic Ireland, Anglo-Saxon England, and Merovingian France. This is the first translation of this work into English. The introduction places the work in the context of Isidore's milieu and concerns, and traces the remarkable diffusion of his book. A chapter-by-chapter commentary explains how Isidore selected and transformed his source material, and added his own distinctive features, notably the diagrams that gave this work its medieval name The Book of Wheels (Liber rotarum).

Table of Contents

List of Diagrams, Figures, and Tables      xi
Acknowledgements xii
List of Abbreviations xiii
Introduction 1 (2)
1 Isidore's Life, Times, and Writings 3 (7)
Education 6 (1)
Grammar as a principle of knowledge 7 (2)
Church discipline and biblical exegesis 9 (1)
2 On the Nature of Things in Context 10 (17)
Structure 14 (2)
Occasion 16 (2)
Purposes and preoccupations 18 (3)
Appeal to reason 21 (3)
Wider ends: a Christianized erudition? 24 (3)
3 A Work of Composite Construction 27 (24)
Text and image 28 (2)
Fontaine's theory of three recensions 30 (2)
Single or multiple authorship? 32 (2)
The short recension: two types 34 (8)
The medium recension 42 (4)
Three Spanish interpolations? 46 (1)
The long recension: chapter 44(--) and 47 (4)
the mystical addition
4 Out of Spain and into the Future 51 (15)
Ireland and Anglo-Saxon England 55 (2)
Traffic between Spain and Italy 57 (2)
Gaul 59 (1)
Germany and Switzerland: the Zofingen 60 (3)
metamorphosis
From the Carolingian period to the age of 63 (3)
print
5 Inventory of Manuscripts and Editions of 66 (36)
Isidore's On the Nature of Things
Manuscripts of Isidore's De natura rerum 66 (34)
Editions of Isidore's De natura rerum 100 (2)
6 Principles Governing this Translation 102 (1)
The Text 103 (2)
Isidore of Seville, On the Nature of Things 105 (72)
Preface: Isidore, to his Lord and Son, 107 (2)
Sisebut
List of Chapters 109 (68)
1 Days 111 (3)
2 Night 114 (1)
3 The Week 115 (2)
4 The Months 117 (3)
5 The Concordance of the Months 120 (1)
6 The Years 120 (3)
7 The Seasons 123 (3)
8 The Solstice and the Equinox 126 (1)
9 The World 127 (1)
10 The Five Circles of the World 128 (2)
11 The Parts of the World 130 (3)
12 Heaven and Its Name 133 (2)
13 The Seven Planets of Heaven and 135 (1)
Their Revolutions
14 The Heavenly Waters 136 (1)
15 The Nature of the Sun 137 (1)
16 The Size of the Sun and the Moon 138 (1)
17 The Course of the Sun 139 (2)
18 The Light of the Moon 141 (2)
19 The Course of the Moon 143 (1)
20 The Eclipse of the Sun 144 (1)
21 The Eclipse of the Moon 145 (1)
22 The Course of the Stars 146 (1)
23 The Position of the Seven Wandering 147 (3)
Stars
24 The Light of the Stars 150 (1)
25 The Fall of the Stars 150 (1)
26 The Names of the Stars 151 (4)
27 Whether the Stars have a Soul 155 (1)
28 Night 156 (1)
29 Thunder 157 (1)
30 Lightning 157 (2)
31 The Rainbow 159 (1)
32 Clouds 159 (1)
33 Rains 160 (1)
34 Snow 161 (1)
35 Hail 161 (1)
36 The Nature of the Winds 162 (1)
37 The Names of the Winds 163 (2)
38 Signs of Storms or Fair Weather 165 (2)
39 Pestilence 167 (1)
40 The Ocean's Tide 168 (1)
41 Why the Sea Does Not Grow in Size 169 (1)
42 Why the Sea has Bitter Waters 170 (1)
43 The River Nile 170 (1)
44 The Names of the Sea and the Rivers 170 (2)
45 The Position of the Earth 172 (1)
46 Earthquake 173 (1)
47 Mount Etna 174 (1)
48 The Parts of the Earth 175 (2)
Commentary 177 (78)
Appendices 255 (26)
1 The Verse Epistle of King Sisebut 257 (4)
2 Introductory Formulas for the Diagram 261 (2)
of the Winds (Diagram 7) in Chapter 37
3 Extracts from Chapter 37 arranged 263 (2)
within the Diagram of the Winds
4 The Poem of the Winds 265 (7)
5 Textual Insertions in Chapter 48 and 272 (3)
T-O Map
6 The Zofingen and English Types of the 275 (6)
Long Recension
Bibliography 281 (17)
Index of Sources 298 (5)
General Index 303