Wireless Ip and Building the Mobile Internet (Artech House Universal Personal Communications Series)

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Wireless Ip and Building the Mobile Internet (Artech House Universal Personal Communications Series)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 674 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9781580533546
  • DDC分類 621.38212

Table of Contents

Preface                                            xxi
Acknowledgments xxv
Wireless IP 1 (14)
Introduction 1 (1)
Wireless IP 1 (3)
Challenges for the Heterogeneous Environment 4 (1)
QoS and Resource Management 5 (5)
QoS Network Model 8 (1)
Resource Management Problems 9 (1)
Seamless Mobility and IP 10 (1)
Ubiquity and Dynamic Ad Hoc Networks 11 (1)
Security Considerations 12 (1)
Concluding Remarks 13 (2)
References 14 (1)
Part I: Wireless IP Evolution 15 (116)
Evolution to Wireless IP 17 (10)
Introduction 17 (1)
Motivation for High Data Rates and IP 18 (2)
Radio Interface Technologies 20 (2)
Cost Advantages of 3G Wireless IP 22 (1)
Technology Trade-Offs for 3G Voice and Data 23 (1)
Other Market Segments 24 (1)
Open Application Platforms for Wireless 25 (1)
Devices
Concluding Remarks 26 (1)
Wide-Area Wirless IP Connectivity with the 27 (22)
General Packet Radio Service
Introduction 27 (1)
GPRS Overview 28 (6)
GPRS Bearers 30 (1)
GPRS Protocols 31 (3)
Attach Procedure 34 (3)
Setting Up PDP Contexts 37 (4)
Routing and Tunneling 40 (1)
Mobility Handling 41 (6)
Cell Change 43 (1)
Intra-SGSN Routing Area Change 44 (1)
Inter-SGSN Routing Area Change 45 (2)
Summary 47 (2)
References 47 (2)
3G Networks and Standards 49 (18)
Introduction 49 (1)
Evolution from 2G to 3G 50 (1)
3G and Its Releases 51 (8)
Release 3 (R3) 54 (2)
Release 4 (R4) 56 (1)
Release 5 (R5) 57 (2)
3G Deployment Scenario 59 (2)
Conclusion: Impact on the Existing Network 61 (6)
References 64 (3)
UTRAN Evolution to an All-IP Architecture 67 (20)
Introduction 67 (1)
3GPP Reference Model 68 (4)
UTRAN Overview 72 (2)
SONET/SDH 73 (1)
ATM 74 (1)
UTRAN Transport Network 74 (8)
LIPE 76 (2)
CIP 78 (1)
MPLS 79 (2)
PPPmux/AAL5/ATM 81 (1)
PPP/AAL2 81 (1)
Comparison of IP-over-SONET and IP-over-ATM 82 (2)
Protocol Overheads 82 (1)
Bandwidth Management 83 (1)
Network Management 83 (1)
QoS 83 (1)
Flow Control 84 (1)
Summary 84 (3)
References 85 (2)
Beyond 3G: 4G IP-Based Mobile Networks 87 (18)
Introduction 87 (1)
Drivers for the 4G Architecture 88 (4)
Support for IP-Based Traffic 88 (1)
Excellent Mobility Support 89 (1)
Support for Many Different Wireless 90 (1)
Technologies
Free from Unnecessary Operator Linkage 90 (1)
Support for End-to-End Security 91 (1)
4G Architecture and Research Issues 92 (2)
4G Research Efforts 94 (2)
The NTRG 4G Test Bed 96 (6)
The Layered Architecture 96 (1)
Wireless Alternatives 97 (1)
Software Radio 97 (1)
Routing Protocols 98 (1)
Emulation Facilities 98 (2)
The Security Architecture 100(1)
Real-Time Payment 101(1)
Applications 102(1)
Concluding Remarks 102(3)
References 103(2)
Ad Hoc Networks: A Mobile IPv6 Viewpoint 105(26)
Introduction 105(8)
Ad Hoc Networks 106(4)
IPv6 110(3)
Mobility of Ad Hoc Devices 113(1)
Ad Hoc Mobility 114(3)
Flooding 115(1)
Proactive Routing Protocols 115(1)
Reactive Routing Protocols 116(1)
Hybrid Routing Protocols 116(1)
Protocols That Make Use of the Known 117(1)
Physical Location
Macro-Mobility: Mobile IP 117(2)
Micro-Mobility 119(2)
Cellular IP 119(2)
A Mechanism to Provide Global Connectivity 121(7)
for Ad Hoc Devices
Addressing 121(1)
Finding an AR 122(1)
Obtaining a COA 123(1)
Communicating with an AR 124(1)
Switching Between Ad Hoc and Global 124(1)
Communication
Example 125(1)
Alternative Global Connectivity Proposal 126(2)
Summary 128(3)
References 129(2)
Part II: QoS and Resource Management 131(146)
Differentiated and Integrated Services for IP 133(28)
Applications over UMTS
Introduction 133(5)
All-IP End-to-End Scenarios 138(6)
Architectural Aspects 138(1)
All-IP Scenarios 138(2)
All-IP Scenarios Using Differentiated 140(1)
Services
All-IP Scenario Using Integrated Services 141(2)
Using RSVP to Control the PDP Context 143(1)
UMTS Service Classes and Parameters 144(3)
Mapping the End-to-End Service to Local 144(1)
Bearer Services
UMTS Traffic Descriptors 145(1)
UMTS QoS Attributes 146(1)
Conclusion 146(1)
Suitability of Existing Integrated Services 147(3)
over RANs
GQoS 148(1)
Controlled Load 148(1)
Null Service 149(1)
Conclusions 149(1)
Proposed Integrated Services Parameters and 150(4)
Mapping
Media Description Using MIME 151(2)
Proposed Additional Parameters for 153(1)
Real-Time Traffic
Proposed Additional Parameters for 154(1)
Non-Real-Time Traffic
Numerical Examples 154(5)
SDU Format Information to Facilitate 154(1)
UED/UEP
(Residual) BER 155(1)
Maximum Transfer Delay 156(1)
PLR 157(2)
Conclusions 159(2)
References 160(1)
Provisioning QoS in 3G Networks with RSVP 161(18)
Proxy
RSVP 163(4)
Performance-Enhancing Proxies 167(1)
Enabling End-to-End QoS for Packet Switched 168(4)
Services in UMTS
Resource Reservation with End-to-End RSVP 169(1)
Service-Based Local Policy and RSVP 170(2)
Sender/Receiver Proxy
Simulation 172(3)
A Short Summary of Related Standards 175(1)
Summary 176(3)
References 177(1)
Selected Bibliography 177(2)
QoS Support for VoIP over Wireless 179(24)
Introduction 179(4)
Motivation 179(1)
Challenges 180(3)
Factors Influencing the Speech Quality in a 183(5)
Wireless VoIP System
Speech Codecs for Wireless VoIP 184(1)
Transmission Impairments 185(3)
Related Work 188(3)
VoIP over WLANs 188(2)
VoIP over Wireless WANs (Cellular 190(1)
Networks)
QoS for Wireless VoIP Using Selective 191(12)
Packet Prioritization
Analysis of the G.729 Frame Loss 191(2)
Concealment
Selective Packet Marking/Prioritization 193(1)
System Architecture 194(1)
Simulations 195(5)
Conclusions 200(1)
References 201(2)
Delivering QoS in Mobile Ad Hoc IP Networks 203(24)
Introduction 203(2)
Mobile Ad Hoc Networks 205(2)
Mobile Ad Hoc Network Characteristics 205(1)
Ad Hoc Routing Protocols 206(1)
Addressing Issues and Mobility Management 207(1)
QoS Models 207(9)
Integrated Services 208(2)
Integrated Services in Ad Hoc Networks 210(2)
DiffServ 212(1)
DiffServ in Ad Hoc Networks 213(2)
A Flexible QoS Model for Mobile Ad Hoc 215(1)
Networks
QoS Signaling 216(2)
RSVP 216(1)
Insignia Signaling 217(1)
QoS Routing 218(4)
Core-Extraction Distributed Ad Hoc Routing 219(2)
Ticket-Based Probing 221(1)
Future Directions 222(2)
Summary 224(3)
References 224(3)
Radio Access Control in Wireless IP Networks 227(28)
Introduction 227(2)
Overview of the Radio Access Control Problem 229(2)
Service Models 229(1)
Problem Formulation 230(1)
CAC 231(17)
Overview 232(1)
Performance Evaluation 233(15)
PAC 248(5)
Limits of UL Radio Resources for 248(3)
Non-Real-Time Packet Radio Access
Dynamic Feedback Information Multiple 251(2)
Access
Concluding Remarks 253(2)
References 253(2)
RRM in Multicarrier Allocation-Based Systems 255(22)
Introduction 255(2)
A Multidimensional Concept of Radio 257(3)
Channels in Future Wireless IP Networks
The Impact of MCA Systems on Wireless IP 260(2)
Networks
System Model and Performance Measures 262(2)
Frequency Diversity for an MCA System 264(3)
MCA Scheme Without Frequency Diversity 264(1)
MCA Scheme with Frequency Diversity 265(2)
Power Control for an MCA System 267(5)
Scheme 1: MCA with Power Control 269(1)
Scheme 2: MCA with Frequency Diversity 270(2)
and Power Control
Carrier-Grouping for an MCA System 272(3)
Concluding Remarks 275(2)
Acknowledgments 275(1)
References 275(2)
Part III: TCP/IP in Wireless IP Networks 277(56)
TCP/IP over Next-Generation Broadband 279(24)
Wireless Access Networks
Introduction 279(2)
TCP Background 281(3)
Performance of TCP on Wireless Links 283(1)
Design Features for 2G-BWA Networks 284(5)
MAC Layer 284(3)
Physical Layer 287(2)
End-to-End Performance 289(6)
Simulation Methodology 289(2)
MAC Model 291(1)
PHY Model 291(1)
Wireless Channel Model 292(1)
Traffic Model 293(2)
Results 295(4)
Concluding Remarks 299(4)
References 300(3)
Reliable Multicast Congestion Control for 303(30)
TCP/IP in Hybrid Networks
Introduction 303(2)
Major Challenges 304(1)
Background and Related Studies 305(2)
TCP Congestion Control and the TCP Formula 305(1)
Rate-Based Multicast Congestion Control 306(1)
Window-Based Multicast Congestion Control 307(1)
Reliable Multicast Congestion Control 307(9)
Schemes
A Generic RMCC Framework 307(3)
Enhanced Mechanisms for Hierarchical RMCC 310(1)
over Hybrid Networks
RMCC-Preliminary 310(2)
RMCC-Whetten-Enhanced 312(1)
RMCC-Mobile 313(3)
Performance Evaluation 316(11)
Simulation Objectives and Settings 316(1)
Configuration 1---A Simple Network 317(2)
Configuration 2---A Wired/Wireless 319(2)
Network with Wireless Links of Different
Loss Rates
Configuration 3---A Large Network with 321(3)
Two Base Stations
Configuration 4---A Wired/Wireless/Mobile 324(1)
Network with Mobile Nodes
TCP Fairness Index 325(2)
Summary and Future Enhancement: Use of 327(3)
Belief Functions
BF Calculus: An Overview 327(1)
An Abstract Example 327(3)
Future Directions 330(1)
Summary 330(3)
Acknowledgments 330(1)
References 331(2)
Part IV: Handoff, Mobility, and Signaling 333(210)
Mobile IP: A Challenge in the Mobile World 335(24)
Introduction 335(1)
The Need for Mobile IP 336(2)
The Mobile IP in Wireless Networks: A 338(5)
Simple Architecture
Agent Discovery 339(1)
Registration 340(1)
Tunneling 341(1)
Mobile IP Datagram 342(1)
Open Issues in Mobile IPv4 343(3)
Mobile IPv6 346(4)
Possible Solutions for Micro-Mobility in 350(5)
Mobile IP Networks
Cellular IP 350(2)
Hawaii 352(2)
Hierarchical Mobile IP 354(1)
Conclusions and Future Directions 355(4)
References 356(3)
IP Micro-Mobility Management Using Host-Based 359(34)
Routing
Introduction and Background 359(6)
Chapter Overview 359(1)
The Application-Layer Macro-Mobility 360(3)
Management Alternative
Micro-Mobility Management 363(2)
HBR Overview 365(8)
A Generic HBR Solution for IP 366(3)
Micro-Mobility
Comparison Between HBR Schemes 369(2)
Comparison with Ad Hoc Mobility Schemes 371(2)
Performance Issues 373(3)
A Qualitative Perspective 373(2)
Quantifying Performance 375(1)
Performance Results 376(12)
Simulation Environment 376(2)
Simulation Results 378(8)
Results from Laboratory Prototype 386(2)
Conclusions and Future Directions 388(5)
References 390(3)
Handoff Initiation in Mobile IPv6 393(22)
Introduction 393(6)
Mobile IPv6 Operation 394(1)
Handoff Initiation 395(2)
Handoff Performance 397(1)
Comparison with Other IP Mobility Schemes 397(2)
Mathematical Models 399(4)
Basic Definitions 399(1)
Eager Cell Switching 400(1)
Lazy Cell Switching 401(2)
Experimental Results in Test Bed 403(5)
The Mobile IPv6 Test Bed 403(1)
Experimental Approach 404(1)
Overview of Performed Experiments 405(1)
Default Settings 406(1)
Varying Advertisement Frequency 407(1)
Optimizing Protocol Configuration 408(2)
Building Wide Experiment 410(2)
Experimental Setup 410(1)
Results 410(2)
Conclusions and Future Directions 412(3)
References 413(2)
Location Independent Network Architecture and 415(26)
Mobility Handling in IPv6
Introduction 415(2)
LINA 417(5)
Basic Concept 417(1)
Embedded Addressing Model 418(1)
Embedding and Extraction 419(1)
Generalized ID 420(1)
Mapping: Resolving Interface Locator from 420(1)
Node Identifier
LINA Communication Model 421(1)
LIN6: An Application of LINA to IPv6 422(5)
Embedded Addressing in LIN6 422(1)
Embedment in LIN6 423(1)
Generalized Identifier in LIN6 424(1)
Finding Designated Mapping Agents 425(1)
Handoff of a Mobile Node 426(1)
Compatibility with Traditional IPv6 Nodes 427(1)
Communication Example of LIN6 427(4)
Bootstrap 428(1)
Communication Between LIN6 Nodes 429(1)
Handoff of a LIN6 Nodes 430(1)
Implementation 431(1)
Implementation Status 431(1)
Motion Detection Mechanism with IPv6 431(1)
Protocol Evaluation of Mobility Handling 432(5)
Experimental Network 432(1)
Experimental Results and Considerations 432(5)
Comparison of LIN6 and Mobile IPv6 437(1)
Single Point of Failure: Mapping Agent 437(1)
and HA
Overhead of Packet Header Length 437(1)
End-to-End Communication 438(1)
Summary 438(3)
References 439(2)
Distributed Signaling and Routing Protocols 441(16)
in iCAR
Introduction 441(2)
An Overview of the iCAR System 443(3)
Basic Operations 443(3)
Signaling and Routing Protocol 446(6)
Connection Setup 446(3)
ARS Routing 449(2)
Connection Release 451(1)
Simulation Results and Discussion 452(3)
Conclusion and Future Work 455(2)
References 455(2)
Reducing Link and Signaling Costs in Mobile IP 457(14)
Introduction 457(3)
The New Cost-Efficient Scheme 460(4)
The Mathematical Model 460(1)
Optimal Solution 461(3)
Performance Evaluation 464(5)
The Total Cost 464(2)
The Signaling Cost 466(1)
The Number of Route Optimizations 467(2)
Summary 469(2)
References 469(2)
Enabling WAP Handoffs Between GSM and IEEE 471(14)
802.11b Bearers with Mobile IP
Introduction 471(2)
Reinventing in the Name of Wireless 473(1)
Converging in the Name of Progress 474(4)
The Mobile IP 474(2)
The WAP Transport Protocols 476(2)
Experimental Setup 478(1)
Experimental Results 479(3)
Mobile WAP Network Components 482(1)
Summary 483(2)
References 483(2)
Interworking and Handover Mechanisms Between 485(18)
WLAN and UMTS
Introduction 485(1)
Interworking System Architectures 486(1)
Interconnection Between 3G-SGSN and WLAN AP 487(4)
by Emulating RAN
Interconnection Between GGSN and WLAN AP by 491(1)
Emulating 3G-SGSN
Interconnection Between UMTS and WLAN 492(2)
Through VAP
Interconnection Between UMTS and WLAN 494(3)
Through Mobility Gateway
Interconnection Between UMTS and WLAN Based 497(1)
on Mobile IP
Handover Between IEEE 802.11 and UMTS 498(1)
Handover Aspects Between IEEE 802.11 WLAN 499(2)
and UMTS Based on Mobile IP
Conclusions 501(2)
References 502(1)
Location-Based Push Architectures for the 503(22)
Mobile Internet
Introduction 503(1)
Push for Mobile Networks 504(3)
Types of Push 504(1)
Push Scenarios 505(1)
Security for Push 506(1)
Technical Aspects 507(11)
Bearer Establishment 507(1)
Application Layer Signaling 507(8)
Architecture Components for SIP-Based Push 515(3)
Realization 518(3)
Content Provider Push and Location-Based 518(2)
Push
Application-Related Push for Local 520(1)
Location Assistant (LoL@)
Summary 521(1)
Conclusions and Future Directions 522(3)
References 523(2)
Signaling Network Architecture in Wireless IP 525(18)
Overlay Networks
Introduction 525(2)
Network Model 527(4)
Dedicated Signaling Network Architecture 528(1)
Architecture Components 529(1)
Signaling Home Agent 530(1)
Location Database 530(1)
Resource Database 531(1)
HA 531(1)
Functions of Signaling Network 531(1)
Terminal Addressing 531(1)
Signaling and Location Management 532(2)
Mobility Management 534(3)
Resource Management 536(1)
Basic Issues 537(3)
Paging and Power Consumption of Idle 537(1)
Terminal
Generic Extension Interface for Adding a 537(1)
New Type of Wireless Networks as an RAN
Capacity of the Networks as a 538(1)
Communication System
Geographical Coverage of Service and BAN 538(1)
Capacity
Handover Latency 538(2)
Concluding Remarks 540(3)
References 540(3)
Part V: Services and Applications 543(76)
Mobile Content Distribution for Wireless IP 545(14)
Networks
Introduction 545(2)
Content Distribution in Wireline Web 547(6)
A Taxonomy of Content Distribution 547(1)
Network Scaling 548(3)
Endpoint Acceleration 551(1)
Protocol and Content Optimization 552(1)
Content Distribution in Wireless IP Networks 553(2)
Air Interface Protocol Optimization 553(2)
Content Adaptation and Proxy Services for 555(1)
Wireless Terminals
Discussions 555(1)
Concluding Remarks 556(3)
References 556(3)
Perceptual QoS for Wireless and IP Networks 559(12)
Introduction 559(1)
QoS 560(2)
Voice 560(1)
Video 561(1)
Simulation Model 562(1)
Quality Measurement Tools 562(1)
Link Level Simulation Tools 562(1)
Simulation Model 563(1)
Video over WLAN 563(2)
Video over 5-GHz WLAN 563(2)
Video over IEEE 802.11b 565(1)
UMTS Speech Quality 565(3)
Simulation Model 566(1)
Results 567(1)
Concluding Remarks 568(3)
References 568(3)
Transcoding for the Mobile Internet: The Case 571(16)
of Video Transcoding
Introduction 571(1)
Adaptation Techniques for Multimedia 572(4)
Content Distribution
Adaptation Technique for Mobile Web 572(1)
Accesses
Issues of Viewing a Video Stream in a 573(1)
Mobile Environment
Adaptation Techniques for Video Streaming 574(2)
Related Works 576(1)
Standardization Issues 576(1)
Video Transcoding System Architecture and 577(5)
Control Mechanism
Basic Concept of the System 577(1)
System Architecture 578(1)
Control Mechanism 579(2)
MPEG Transcoder 581(1)
Features of the Video Transcoding System 582(2)
Experimental Video Transcoding System 582(1)
Characteristics of the Experimental System 583(1)
Concluding Remarks 584(3)
References 585(2)
On Security in Wireless and IP Networks 587(32)
Introduction 587(1)
Cellular Networks Security 588(7)
AMPS 589(1)
TIA/EIA-41 589(1)
TIA/EIA-136 (NA-TDMA) 590(2)
IS-95 (CDMA) 592(1)
GSM 592(1)
GPRS 593(1)
UMTS 594(1)
Link Layer Security 595(4)
Bluetooth Security 595(3)
IEEE 802.11 WLAN Security 598(1)
TCP/IPsec 599(8)
IPsec 599(4)
TLS 603(2)
ISAKMP and IKE 605(2)
Security Algorithms 607(4)
Encryption Algorithms 607(3)
Hash and Signature Algorithms 610(1)
DDoS, Firewalls, and Private Addressing 611(5)
Always-On and DDoS 611(1)
Private Addressing 612(3)
Firewalls 615(1)
Concluding Remarks 616(3)
Selected Bibliography 617(2)
About the Editors 619(4)
Index 623