The African-American Archive : The History of the Black Experience in Documents

The African-American Archive : The History of the Black Experience in Documents

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Table of Contents

Introduction                                       xxi
Kai Wright
I. `20 & Odd Negroes': A Violent Beginning
`They will display diligence' 2 (1)
Spanish Council of the Indies
`Negros might easily be had on the coast of 2 (2)
Guinea'
Richard Hakluyt
`20 and odd Negroes' 4 (1)
John Rolfe
`The one whose name is Elizabeth is to serve 4 (1)
thirteene years'
Capt. Francis Pott
The Freeman Anthony Johnson and his Family 5 (1)
Northampton County Court Records
Black children to serve `according to the 5 (1)
condition of the mother'
Virginia General Assembly
Baptism is no exemption 6 (1)
Virginia Assembly
An Act Concerning Negroes and Other Slaves 7 (1)
Maryland General Assembly
150 acres for `negroes as well as Christians' 7 (1)
Proprietors of South Carolina
The Negro's and Indian's Advocate 8 (3)
Morgan Godwyn
Correspondence from Fort James, Accra 11 (1)
The Royal African Company
`They must have all my slaves and goods' 12 (2)
Thomas Woolman
The Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina 14 (1)
Founders of the South Carolina Colony
`Sheep jump, jump for joy' 15 (1)
Carolina rice beating songs
The Selling of Joseph 16 (3)
Samual Sewall
New York City revolt of 1712 19 (1)
Governor Robert Hunter
Rising tensions and clashing cultures 20 (3)
Dr. Francis Le Jau
A Voyage to Guinea, Brasil, and the West 23 (2)
Indies
John Atkins
`The Most Fierce Enemies of the English' 25 (2)
Black fugitives of the English plantations
Prohibiting the Importation and the use of 27 (1)
Black Slaves or Negroes
The Trustees of the Georgia Colony
The Darien Antislavery Petition 28 (1)
Eighteen Freeholders of New Inverness
`He made you to live with himself above the 29 (2)
sky. And so you will.'
John Wesley
`She could not help praising and blessing God' 31 (1)
George Whitefiled
Report of the Committee of Conference on the 32 (1)
Case of the Negroes' Desertion to St.
Augustine
South Carolina Assembly
`The said Caesar was executed at the usual 33 (1)
place and afterwards hung in chains'
South Carolina Gazette
`St. Augustine...that Den of Thieves and 33 (2)
Ruffians!'
South Carolina Assembly
`They calling out Liberty, marched on with 35 (2)
Colours displayed'
The Stono Rebellion
`At least a hundred and fifty were got 37 (1)
together in defiance'
William Stephens
Prohibiting education to slaves 38 (1)
South Carolina Assembly
The trial of Cuffe and Quack 38 (4)
Judge Daniel Horsmanden
`Bars Fight' 42 (1)
Lucy Terry Prince
`An Evening Thought' 42 (2)
Jupiter Hammon
Some Memoirs of the Life of Job 44 (4)
Thomas Bluett
`Uncommon Sufferings and Surprizing 48 (5)
Deliverance'
Briton Hammon
The Interesting Narrative of the Life of 53 (5)
Olaudah Equiano
Olaudah Equiano
II. The Birth Of African America: From Religion
To Revolution
`A Mullato man, named Crispus 58 (1)
Attucks...killed instantly'
Samuel Adams
`Such a rabble of Negroes, & C.' 59 (2)
John Adams
A `peaceable and lawful' petition for freedom 61 (1)
Slaves of the town of Thompson,
Massachusetts
Thoughts upon slavery 62 (3)
John Wesley
`This land will become a field of blood' 65 (2)
Thomas Rankin
`The Executioner was savingly converted to 67 (3)
God'
John Marrant
`Roll, Jordan, Roll' 70 (1)
Revival songs
The British offer freedom for service 71 (1)
Lord Dunmore
Journal of a black Loyalist soldier 72 (2)
Boston King
Salem Poor at Bunker Hill 74 (1)
Colonel William Prescott
The Battle of Groton Heights 75 (1)
An unnamed source
`A poem of the inhuman tragedy' at Lexington 76 (2)
Lemuel Haynes
Poems on Various Subjects 78 (2)
Phillis Wheatley
`To His Excellency General Washington' 80 (2)
Phillis Wheatley
An Address to Miss Phillis Wheatly 82 (2)
Jupiter Hammon
Rough draft of Declaration of Independence 84 (3)
Thomas Jefferson
Notes on the State of Virginia 87 (3)
Thomas Jefferson
`Three fifths of all other Persons' 90 (1)
The United States Constitution
`Providence punishes national sins, by 90 (2)
national calamities'
Consitutional Convention debate on slavery
Petition for repatriation to Africa 92 (1)
Prince Hall African Lodge No. 1
`The slavish fear of man' 93 (3)
Prince Hall
`In what single circumstance are we different 96 (3)
from the rest of mankind?'
A Free Negro
An address to the negroes of the State of 99 (3)
New-York
Jupiter Hammon
`I freely and cheerfully acknowledge, that I 102(3)
am of the African Race'
Benjamin Banneker
A plan to aide `our hitherto too much 105(1)
neglected fellow creatures'
Benjamin Franklin
`Equal liberty was originally the portion, 106(1)
and is still the birth-right, of all men'
Benjamin Franklin
`It introduces more evils than it can cure' 107(1)
George Washington
Fugitive Act of 1793 108(1)
United States Congress
`It is my will and desire that all slaves 109(2)
whom I hold... receive their freedom'
George Washinton
`We believe heaven is free for all who 111(3)
worship in spirit and truth'
Richard Allen
`It is unpleasant for us to make these 114(4)
remarks, but justice to our color demands it'
Richard Allen
Absalom Jones
The First Baptist Church of Savannah, GA. 118(1)
Andrew Bryan
A Narrative of the Life and Adventures of 119(1)
Venture
Venture Smith
Thanksgiving Sermon 120(2)
Absalom Jones
`The sweets of Liberty' 122(2)
African Methodist Episcopal Church Hymn
III. I Will Be Heard: Abolition And The Build
Up to Civil War
`No black or mulatto person shall be 124(1)
permitted to settle or reside in this state,
unless he or she shall first produce a fair
certificate... of his or her actual freedom'
Manumission Certificates
`We will wade to our knees in blood sooner 125(3)
than fail in the attempt'
Gabriel's Conspiracy to Rebellion
Back to Africa 128(2)
Paul Cuffe
`It is not asked for by us' 130(3)
James Forten
Russell Perrott
Establishing the Liberia colony 133(3)
President James Monroe
36 degrees 30 minutes 136(2)
Missouri Compromise
`Your professed design was to trample on all 138(4)
laws, human and divine; to riot in blood,
outrage, rapine, and conflagration'
Denmark Vesey's Revolt
`I ask you, o my brethren!, are we men?' 142(8)
David Walker's Appeal
`I should arise and prepare myself, and slay 150(4)
my enemies with their own weapons'
Nat Turner's Confession
`Address to the Free People of Colour of the 154(2)
United States'
Richard Allen
The Hope of Liberty 156(1)
George Moses Horton
`The Slave Auction' 157(1)
Frances E.W. Harper
`I am sick of our unmeaning declamation in 158(2)
praise of liberty and equality; of our
hypocritical cant about the unalienable
rights of man'
William Lloyd Garrison
`I will be heard!' 160(2)
William Lloyd Garrison
Declaration of Sentiments 162(4)
The American Anti-Slavery Society
`Thoughts on African Colonization' 166(1)
William Lloyd Garrison
`We know nothing of that debasing inferiority 167(6)
with which our very colour stamped us in
America'
Letters from Liberia
`All we want is make us free' 173(9)
The Amistad Africans
`If the man may preach...why not the woman?' 182(2)
Jarena Lee
`There are no chains so galling as the chains 184(3)
of ignorance'
Maria Stewart
`Like our brethren in bonds, we must seal our 187(3)
lips in silence and despair'
Anti-Slavery Convention of American Women
`What is a mob?... Any evidence that we are 190(4)
wrong?'
Angela Grimke Weld
`To instruct others is beneficial to the mind' 194(3)
Ann Plato
`I have come to tell you something about 197(2)
slavery---what I know of it, as I have felt
it.'
Frederick Douglass
`Brethren, arise! arise! Strike for your 199(5)
lives and liberties'
Henry Highland Garnet
`The light broke in upon me by degrees' 204(4)
Frederick Douglass
`What is American slavery?' 208(8)
Frederick Douglass
The North Star 216(1)
Frederick Douglass
Martin Delany
`Ar'n't I a Woman?' 217(3)
Sojourner Truth
`Mrs. Bradford had a son about ten years old; 220(2)
she used to make him beat me and spit in my
face'
Leonard Black
A tale of escape and betrayal 222(6)
Henry Bibb
Abolition in the nation's poetry 228(5)
Whittier, Lowell and Longfellow
Fact meets fiction in the first black novel 233(3)
William Wells Brown
Another slavery compromise holds the union 236(13)
Fugitive Slave Act of 1850
Uncle Tom's Cabin 249(8)
Harriet Beecher Stowe
An ideological rift over the U.S. 257(2)
Constitution and Slavery
Frederick Douglass
William Lloyd Garrison
`What to the Slave is the Fourth of July?' 259(11)
Frederick Douglass
IV. A House Divided: Emancipation And The Civil
War Era
The Kansas-Nebraska Act 270(7)
Stephen Douglas
Abraham Lincoln
The Kansas Nebraska Act 270(1)
Abraham Lincoln on the Act 271(6)
`Crimes Against Kansas' 277(3)
Charles Sumner
Dred Scott v. Sanford 280(3)
The United States Supreme Court
A House Divided 283(5)
Abraham Lincoln
`Had I so interfered in behalf of the rich, 288(3)
the powerful...this court would have deemed
it an act worthy of reward'
John Brown's Raid
Last words of John Copeland, a black 289(1)
raider
Black raider Dangerfield Newby's 290(1)
motivation
John Brown's last words 290(1)
`His Truth is Marching On' 291(2)
Julia Ward Howe
``Say, brothers, will you meet us'' 292(1)
Union Marching song 292(1)
The Battle Hymn of the Republic 293(1)
Our Nig 293(2)
Harriet Wilson
Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl 295(3)
Harriet Jacobs
A Georgia Plantation 298(7)
Mortimer Thompson
Fanny Kemble
``What became of the Slaves on a Georgia 298(4)
Plantation?''
Journal of a Residence on a Georgia 302(3)
Plantation
Slavery's expansion `the only substantial 305(4)
dispute'
Abraham Lincoln
A war for Emancipation 309(3)
Frederick Douglass
`We are ready to stand and defend our 312(2)
government'
Northern Blacks
April 1861 declaration by free blacks of 312(1)
New Bedford, Massachusetts
``Fighting Rebels With Only One Hand,'' 312(2)
from September 1861 issue of Frederick
Douglass' Monthly (successor to The North
Star)
Debating `the duty of the black man' 314(6)
Alfred Green and ``R.H.V.''
R.H.V.'s argument against black 315(2)
participation
Alfred Green's rebuttal 317(3)
`The uterus protruding, as large, yes larger 320(4)
than my fist; it has been so 10 years'
Life in the Contraband Camps
The health of freed slaves 321(1)
Susie King Taylor's Reminiscences of My 321(3)
Life in Camp
`Let my people go!' 324(1)
African-American spirituals
Go Down Moses 324(1)
Down the Valley 324(1)
Confiscation and Militia Act 325(1)
U.S. Congress
`My paramount object in this struggle is to 326(1)
save the Union'
Abraham Lincoln
`All persons held as slaves within said 327(3)
designated states...are, and henceforward
shall be, free'
The Emancipation Proclamation
Emancipation Proclamation 328(1)
New York Times editorial on the 329(1)
Proclamation
`His body was left suspended for several 330(3)
hours'
The New York Draft Riot of 1863
`Mortal men could not stand such a fire' 333(2)
Massachusetts 54th Regiment
`Niggers has riz in public estimation and are 335(4)
at a high premium'
Blacks conscripted for manual labor 335(2)
Defending his regiment's reputation 337(1)
Fleetwood leaves the forces angered by 337(2)
inequality
`We have done a soldier's duty. Why can't we 339(2)
have a soldier's pay?'
Corporal James Henry Gooding
`The longor you keep my Child from me the 341(1)
longor you will have to burn in hell and the
qwicer youll get their'
Private Spotswood Rice
Spotswood Rice's letter to his daughters 341(1)
Spotswood Rice's letter to his daughter's 342(1)
owner
The end of slavery 342(2)
The 13th Amendment
V. Forty Acres and a Mule: Reconstruction And
Its Aftermath
`If he knows enough to be hanged, he knows 344(3)
enough to vote'
Frederick Douglass
`I will indeed be your Moses' 347(3)
Andrew Johnson
The Last Speech 350(3)
Abraham Lincoln
`In the matter of government... no notice 353(6)
should be taken of the color of men'
The National Convention of Colored Men
`We were and still are oppressed; we are not 359(3)
demoralized criminals'
New Orleans Tribune
Our Dormant Partners 359(2)
Opposition to military rule 361(1)
Forty acres and a mule 362(2)
Gen. William T. Sherman and the Freedmen's
Bureau
`They would like to have land-4 or 5 acres to 364(4)
a family'
Establishing the Freedmen's Bureau
Freeman Harry McMillan's testimony before 364(3)
the American Freedmen's Inquiry Commission
Congressional act establishing the 367(1)
Freedmen's Bureau
Resettlement at Port Royal, South Carolina 368(4)
Freedmen's Bureau records
`We are left in a more unpleasant condition 372(2)
than our former'
Freed blacks of Edisto Island, South
Carolina
The Edisto Island committee's statement 373(1)
to Howard
A Georgia labor contract 373(1)
`You enfranchise your enemies, and 374(3)
disenfranchise your friends'
A Confrontation at the White House
`Any person who shall so intermarry...shall 377(5)
be confined in the state penitentiary for
life'
Black Codes
Penal code 377(1)
Vagrancy Law 378(1)
Civil rights law 379(2)
Apprentice Law 381(1)
The Civil Rights Battle of 1866 382(4)
U.S. Congress
Johnson's Freedmen's Bureau bill veto 382(3)
message
Civil Rights Act of 1866 385(1)
The 14th Amendment 386(1)
U.S. Congress
`It is useless to attempt to disguise the 387(2)
hostility that exist...towards northern men'
New Orleans Riot of 1866
`We always told you...that it would be a 389(2)
great deal worse for your when they come'
Freedmen's Bureau records
`Rebel states shall be divided into military 391(2)
districts'
The Reconstruction Act
`Keep bright the council fires' 393(2)
Union League of Alabama
The 15th Amendment 395(1)
U.S. Congress
The Ku Klux Klan 396(3)
Petitions from African Americans to Congress
The New Black Laws 399(1)
Benjamin W. Arnett
Behind the Scenes 400(1)
Elizabeth Keckley
Iola Leroy 401(2)
Frances Ellen Watkins Harper
The Hazeley family 403(2)
Amelia Etta Johnson
Violets 405(2)
Alice Ruth Moore
Alice Dunbar-Nelson
Oak and Ivy 407(2)
Paul Lawrence Dunbar
``Welcome Address'' 407(1)
``The Old Tunes'' 408(1)
``To Miss Mary Britton'' 408(1)
`We wear the Mask' 409(1)
Paul Lawrence Dunbar
``We Wear the Mask'' 409(1)
``Sympathy'' 410(1)
The Lynch Mob's `Thread-Bare Lie' 410(1)
Ida B. Wells
`A Negroe's life is a very cheap thing in 411(5)
Georgia'
Ida B. Wells
A Black Woman of the South 416(4)
Anna Julia Cooper
Lifting as We Climb 420(3)
Mary Church Terrell
The `Atlanta Compromise' 423(3)
Booker T. Washington
Separate but equal 426(5)
U.S. Supreme Court
Justice Brown's majority opinion 426(2)
Justice Harlan's dissent 428(3)
Up From Slavery 431(3)
Booker T. Washington
`Tuskegee Song' 434(1)
Paul Lawrence Dunbar
Dunbar's revised ``Tuskegee Song'' 434(1)
Dunbar's letter to Washington 435(1)
`Lift every voice and sing' 435(3)
James Weldon Johnson
VI. Talented Tenth: The Harlem Renaissance And
The New Negro
The souls of Black folk 438(5)
W.E.B. DuBois
`The Talented tenth' 443(3)
W.E.B. DuBois
`We refuse to allow the impression to remain 446(2)
that the Negro-American assents to
inferiority'
The Niagra Movement
`Silence Means Approval' 448(2)
The National Association for the
Advancement Of Colored People
`Agitation is a necessary evil' NAACP's The 450(1)
Crisis
`The Trotter Encounter with wilson. Talks to 451(2)
President as any American Should.'
William Monroe Trotter
Woodrow Wilson
The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man 453(3)
James Weldon Johnson
`St. Louis Blues' 456(1)
W.C. Handy
`We protest the proposition that the pictured 457(1)
slander and disparagement of a minority race
shall make licensed amusement'
Protesting ``Birth of a Nation''
Boston petition to mayor 458(1)
Cleveland Advocate on Ohio movements to 458(1)
ban the film
Stumping for the peanut 458(3)
George Washington Carver
`Stay on the soil' 461(2)
The 1917 Tuskegee Conference and northern
migration
The most dangerous Negroes in the United 463(1)
States
Asa Philip Randolph
Chandler Owen
The 24th colored infantry's Houston Uprising 464(1)
The Baltimore Afro-American
`We are cowards and jackasses if now that the 465(2)
war is over, we do not...battle against the
forces of hell in our own land'
The Crisis
Thirty Years of Lynching 467(3)
The National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People
The Red Summer of 1919 470(2)
Chicago Tribune
`Africa for the Africans 472(3)
Marcus Garvey
Garvey in the Negro World 472(1)
UNIAs ``Declaration of Rights of the 473(2)
Negro Peoples of the World''
`If We Must Die' 475(1)
Claude McKay
``If We Must Die'' 475(1)
``The Lynching'' 476(1)
`T'aint Nobody's Business' 476(2)
Bessie Smith
`T'ain't Nobody's Business if I Do' 477(1)
Smith's mythical death by racism 477(1)
`Take the ``A'' Train' 478(1)
Duke Ellington
Billy Strayhorn
``It Don't Mean A Thing'' 478(1)
``Take the `A' Train'' 479(1)
`A form that is freer and larger' 479(2)
James Weldon Johnson
`The Negro Speaks of Rivers' 481(1)
Langston Hughes
``The Negro Speaks of Rivers'' 481(1)
``The Weary Blues'' 482(1)
``Harlem'' (also known as ``A Dream 482(1)
Deferred'')
`Yet Do I Marvel' 482(1)
Countee Cullen
``Yet Do I Marvel'' 483(1)
``To a Brown Boy'' 483(1)
`How it Feels to Be Colored Me' 483(6)
Zora Neale Hurston
``Spunk'' 484(3)
``How it Feels to Be Colored Me'' 487(2)
`Smoke, Lilies and Jade' 489(2)
Richard Bruce Nugent
The New Negro 491(4)
Alain Leroy Locke
`What I Want From Life' 495(2)
Paul Robeson
Criticism of Nigger Heaven 497(1)
W.E.B. DuBois
`The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain' 498(4)
Langston Hughes
`The Creation' 502(1)
James Weldon Johnson
`Strange Fruit' 503(1)
Billie Holiday
``Strange Fruit'' 503(1)
``God Bless the Child'' 504(1)
Fighting for segregation or integration? 504(4)
W.E.B. DuBois
VII. A Dream No Longer Deferred: The Civil
Rights Movement
`A call to Negro America' 508(2)
Asa Philip Randolph
Executive order 8802 510(1)
Franklin D. Roosevelt
`Nonviolence vs. Jim Crow' 511(2)
Bayard Rustin
Jesse B. Simple 513(2)
Langston Hughes
Native son 515(2)
Richard Wright
Invisible man 517(2)
Ralph Ellison
`I'm a believer in fairy tales now' 519(3)
Jackie Robinson
Wendell Smith's report on the first game 520(1)
Jackie Robinson's column following his 520(2)
first major league game
`Equality of treatment and opportunity for 522(2)
all those who serve in our country's defense'
Harry Truman
To secure These Rights 522(1)
Executive Order 9981 523(1)
`We Real Cool' 524(1)
Gwendolyn Brooks
``The Sonnet-Ballad,'' from Annie Allen 524(1)
``We Real Cool,'' from The Bean Eaters 525(1)
Go tell it on the mountain 525(3)
James Baldwin
`Separate can not be equal' 528(4)
Brown v. Board of Education
Justice Marshall's oral argument 529(1)
Chief Justice Warren's opinion 530(2)
`There comes a time' 532(4)
Martin Luther King Jr.
King's December 5, 1955, speech launching 532(2)
the prolonged boycott
``The Violence of Desperate Men,'' from 534(2)
Stride Towards Freedom
`Maybellene' 536(1)
Chuck Berry
A Raisin in the sun 537(3)
Lorraine Hansberry
`I stand upon the fifth amendment' 540(3)
Paul Robeson
Robeson's testimony before the House 541(1)
Committee on Un-American Activities
Robeson's undelivered statement appearing 542(1)
before the committee, which he was not
allowed to read
`Give us the ballot' 543(4)
Martin Luther King Jr.
`Through nonviolence, courage displaces fear' 547(2)
The Student Sit-Ins of 1960-61
UPI story on the first Greensboro, N.C., 547(1)
sit-in
New York Times story on Nashville, Tenn., 548(1)
stores integrating
Founding resolution of SNCC 548(1)
`We have been cooling off for 350 years. If 549(2)
we cool off any more, we'll be in a deep
freeze'
The Freedom Rides
Lobbying Kennedy NAACP 551(1)
How the `Blue-Eyed Devil' race was created 552(7)
Malcolm X
`I ain't no entertainer, and ain't trying to 559(2)
be one'
Miles Davis
Letter from a Birmingham Jail 561(11)
Martin Luther King, Jr.
`Only a pawn in their game' 572(1)
Bob Dylan
`We shall overcome' 573(1)
Freedom Songs
`We Shall Overcome' 573(1)
`Oh, Freedom' 574(1)
`The time has come for this nation to fulfill 574(3)
its promise'
John F. Kennedy
`I have a Dream' 577(4)
Martin Luther King, Jr.
`In Answer to Senator Thurmond' 581(1)
Bayard Rustin
`The chickens come home to roost' 582(6)
Malcolm X
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 588(4)
U.S. Congress
VIII. Say It Loud: Black Power And Beyond
`The Ballot or the Bullet' 592(5)
Malcolm X
Letter from Mecca 597(2)
El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz
Malcolm X
The Greatest of All Time 599(2)
Muhammad Ali
Cassius Clay
Alex Haley
`And I said ``I want you to know something,'' 601(3)
I said, ``If I live I will become a
registered voter'''
Fannie Lou Hamer
Bloody Sunday 604(8)
The movement in Selma
President Johnson's speech to Congress 604(4)
King's speech on the steps of the Alabama 608(4)
state capital
Voting Rights Act of 1965 612(2)
U.S. Congress
A Eulogy for Malcolm X 614(1)
Ossie Davis
```Get Whitey,'' scream blood-hungry mobs' 615(3)
Watts Riots of 1965
Watts residents speak to Los Angeles Times 615(2)
Times offers shocked first person account 617(1)
from ``a Negro''
A `Domestic Marshall Plan' 618(2)
Whitney Young
`The deterioration of the Negro family' 620(4)
The Moynihan Report
The Moynihan Report 620(1)
President Johnson's Howard University 621(3)
speech
Black Power 624(3)
Stokely Carmichael
Kwanzaa 627(1)
Maulana Karenga
`We believe this racist government has robbed 628(2)
us'
The Black Panther Party
Black Panther Party Platform and Program 628(2)
Black Pather National Anthem 630(1)
Executive Mandate number one 630(1)
Bobby Seale
Vietnam: `A time comes when silence is 631(5)
betrayal'
Martin Luther King, Jr.
`I ain't got no quarrel with them Viet Cong' 636(1)
Muhammad Ali
Soul on Ice 637(2)
Eldrige Cleaver
`How many white folks you kill today?' 639(2)
H. Rap Brown
`The Dutchman' 641(2)
Amiri Baraka
Leroi Jones
The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual 643(2)
Harold Cruse
`Nikki-Rosa' 645(2)
Nikki Giovanni
``My Poem'' 645(1)
``Nikki Rosa'' 646(1)
``Kidnap Poem'' 646(1)
``Say it loud (I'm black and I'm Proud)'' 647(1)
James Brown
Divide and Conquer 648(2)
Federal Bureau of Investigation
Memo directing offices to target black 648(1)
nationalists
Memo suggesting tactic to divide SNCC and 649(1)
Black Panthers
`Two societies, one black, one white' 650(1)
Kerner Commission Report
`We don't have no leader. We lost our leader' 651(2)
The Washington Post on Martin Luther King's
assassination and the 1968 Riots
`Niggers are scared of revolution' 653(1)
The Last Poets
A Caged Bird Singing 654(4)
Maya Angelou
``I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings'' 655(2)
``And Still I Rise'' 657(1)
`ABC' 658(1)
Jackson Five
`I am somebody!' 659(1)
Jesse L. Jackson
The Tuskegee Syphilis Study 660(2)
Associated Press
`Perhaps that 18th century Constitution 662(3)
should be abandoned to a 20th century paper
shredder'
Barbara Jordan
`What is special? I, Barbara Jordan, am a 665(2)
keynote speaker'
Barbara Jordan
Roots 667(2)
Alex Haley
Race as a factor, but no `quotas' 669(4)
Regents of University of California vs.
Bakke
Black Macho and the Myth of the Superwoman 673(5)
Michelle Wallace
IX. Learning To Talk of Race: The Modern Era
`Rapper's Delight' 678(5)
Sugar Hill Gang
`I know what it means to be called A Nigger. 683(2)
I know what it means to be called a faggot.'
Melvin Boozer
`The Imperialism of Patriarchy' 685(1)
bell hooks
The Color Purple 686(3)
Alice Walker
`Womanist'' defined 689(1)
Alice Walker
``God Bless You Jesse Jackson'' 690(3)
The Rescue of Lt. Robert Goodman
`The controversy over Jackson's remarks might 693(4)
have been much easier for many blacks to
accept had the messenger been white'
Milton Coleman and the `Hymietown' story
`Our time has come!' 697(7)
Jesse Jackson
`Man in the Mirror' 704(1)
Michael Jackson
`Sucker Mcs' 705(2)
Run-DMC
`It is racist to suggest that the series is 707(2)
merely Father Knows Best in Blackface'
Alvin Poussaint on the Cosby Show
Beloved 709(3)
Toni Morrison
`Len Bias is Dead...Traces of cocaine Found 712(2)
in System
Washington Post
The War on Drugs 714(4)
Mandatory Minimum Sentences
United Press International report on Los 715(2)
Angeles police efforts to stop gangs and
``rock houses''
1988 mandatory minimum sentencing law 717(1)
`Fuck tha' police' 718(2)
Niggaz With Attitude (N.W.A.)
`Don't Believe the Hype' 720(2)
Public Enemy
`Keep hope alive!' 722(7)
Jesse Jackson
Blacks three times as likely as whites to 729(1)
contracts aids
U.S. Centers for Disease Control
Coming Out 730(3)
Linda Villarosa
`The decoy of race' 733(4)
Stanley Crouch
`I will not provide the rope for my own 737(6)
lynching'
Clarence Thomas
Anita Hill
Clarence Thomas's statement in response 737(3)
to the charges
Anita Hill's opening statement 740(3)
`I felt each one of those not guiltys' 743(4)
Assault on Rodney King and 1992 Riots
Transcript of police conversation 744(1)
The Riots 745(2)
`Learning to Talk of Race' 747(3)
Cornel West
`The Inaugural Poem' 750(2)
Maya Angelou
Waiting to Exhale 752(4)
Terry McMillan
`Our music is a music of choice' 756(3)
Wynton Marsalis
`Please think of the real O.J.' 759(2)
O.J. Simpson
The Million Man March 761(7)
Louis Farrakhan
`Thirteen ways of looking at a black man' 768(5)
Henry Louis Gates, Jr.
`Government-sponsored racial discrimination 773(2)
based on benign prejudice is just as noxious
as discrimination inspired by malicious
prejudice'
Justice Clarence Thomas
`What the United States government did was 775(2)
shameful, and I am sorry'
President Bill Clinton
`The virtual whitewash with respect to 777(3)
network television and the continued
segregation of opportunity... have again
brought the NAACP to the forefront of this
issue'
Kweisi Mfume
`I rise to object!' 780(7)
Congressional Black Caucus
Suggested Reading 787(2)
Credits 789(4)
Index 793