100 Greatest African Americans : A Biographical Encyclopedia

100 Greatest African Americans : A Biographical Encyclopedia

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 400 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9781573929639
  • DDC分類 920.009296073

Full Description


Since 1619, when Africans first came ashore in the swampy Chesapeake region of Virginia, there have been many individuals whose achievements or strength of character in the face of monumental hardships have called attention to the genius of the African American people. This book attempts to distill from many wonderful possibilities the 100 most outstanding examples of greatness. Pioneering scholar of African American Studies Molefi Kete Asante has used four criteria in his selection: the individual's significance in the general progress of African Americans toward full equality in the American social and political system; self-sacrifice and the demonstration of risk for the collective good; unusual will and determination in the face of the greatest danger or against the most stubborn odds; and personal achievement that reveals the best qualities of the African American people. In adopting these criteria Professor Asante has sought to steer away from the usual standards of popular culture, which often elevates the most popular, the wealthiest, or the most photogenic to the cult of celebrity. The individuals in this book - examples of lasting greatness as opposed to the ephemeral glare of celebrity fame - come from four centuries of African American history. Each entry includes brief biographical information, relevant dates, an assessment of the individual's place in African American history with particular reference to a historical timeline, and a discussion of his or her unique impact on American society. Numerous pictures and illustrations will accompany the articles. This superb reference work will complement any library and be of special interest to students and scholars of American and African American history.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments                                    11 (13)
Introduction 13 (10)
Hank Aaron 23 (2)
Ira Aldridge 25 (2)
Muhammad Ali 27 (4)
Richard Allen 31 (3)
Marian Anderson 34 (3)
Maya Angelou 37 (2)
Arthur Ashe 39 (2)
Crispus Attucks 41 (3)
James Baldwin 44 (4)
Benjamin Banneker 48 (3)
Amiri Baraka 51 (3)
Romare Bearden 54 (3)
Mary McLeod Bethune 57 (4)
Guion Bluford 61 (1)
Arna Bontemps 62 (2)
Edward W. Brooke 64 (2)
Gwendolyn Brooks 66 (3)
Blanche K. Bruce 69 (3)
Ralph Bunche 72 (3)
George Washington Carver 75 (3)
Shirley Chisholm 78 (3)
Kenneth B. Clark 81 (3)
John Henrik Clarke 84 (3)
John Coltrane 87 (5)
Bill Cosby 92 (2)
Alexander Crummell 94 (3)
Countee Cullen 97 (3)
Benjamin O. Davis Jr. 100(3)
Martin R. Delany 103(3)
Frederick Douglass 106(5)
Charles Drew 111(3)
W. E. B. Du Bois 114(4)
Paul Laurence Dunbar 118(2)
Katherine Dunham 120(3)
Duke Ellington 123(3)
James Forten 126(2)
John Hope Franklin 128(3)
Henry Highland Garnet 131(3)
Marcus Garvey 134(7)
Prince Hall 141(5)
Fannie Lou Hamer 146(4)
Lorraine Hansberry 150(3)
Dorothy Height 153(2)
Matthew Henson 155(2)
Charles Houston 157(3)
Langston Hughes 160(5)
Zora Neale Hurston 165(3)
Jesse Jackson 168(4)
Mae Jemison 172(2)
Jack Johnson 174(3)
James Weldon Johnson 177(4)
John H. Johnson 181(3)
Percy Julian 184(3)
Ernest Just 187(3)
Maulana Karenga 190(4)
Martin Luther King Jr. 194(7)
Edmonia Lewis 201(2)
Alain Locke 203(4)
Joe Louis 207(3)
Thurgood Marshall 210(5)
Benjamin E. Mays 215(2)
Elijah McCoy 217(2)
Claude McKay 219(5)
Oscar Micheaux 224(3)
Dorie Miller 227(3)
Garrett Morgan 230(2)
Toni Morrison 232(3)
Elijah Muhammad 235(3)
Jesse Owens 238(4)
Rosa Parks 242(4)
Adam Clayton Powell 246(4)
Colin Powell 250(5)
A. Philip Randolph 255(4)
Hiram Revels 259(2)
Paul Robeson 261(3)
Jackie Robinson 264(4)
John Russwurm 268(2)
Arturo Schomburg 270(2)
Benjamin ``Pop'' Singleton 272(3)
Mary Church Terrell 275(4)
William Monroe Trotter 279(5)
Sojourner Truth 284(5)
Harriet Tubman 289(4)
Kwame Ture 293(3)
Henry McNeal Turner 296(3)
Nat Turner 299(2)
David Walker 301(3)
Madame C. J. Walker 304(3)
Booker T. Washington 307(2)
Ida B. Wells-Barnett 309(3)
Phillis Wheatley 312(3)
Walter F. White 315(2)
Roy Wilkins 317(1)
Daniel Hale Williams 318(2)
August Wilson 320(2)
Oprah Winfrey 322(2)
Tiger Woods 324(3)
Carter G. Woodson 327(3)
Richard Wright 330(3)
Malcolm X 333(6)
A Final Word 339(2)
Bibliography 341