Elections and Parties in New European Democracies

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Elections and Parties in New European Democracies

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 309 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9781568028088
  • DDC分類 324.09409171

Full Description


Since the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, elections without choice have been replaced by free and fair elections in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Russia. This reference provides all the basic information about elections in these new democracies. Part One systematically compares the operation of electoral systems, the formation of parties without civil society, and the behavior of voters without trust. It includes sophisticated multi-stage model of election outcomes. In Part Two, each country has a chapter systematically reporting the votes and seats won by every party with at least one percent of the vote at one parliamentary election since 1990. Where the president is popularly elected, results are given too. The data comes from the definitive record, reports of national election commissions in eleven different languages.

Table of Contents

        Tables and Figures                         xi
Preface xiii
PART ONE: THE FRAMEWORK OF COMPETITION
Elite Supply and Popular Demands: An 1 (11)
Interactive Model
Democratization Backwards--and in a Hurry 2 (4)
Understanding Election Outcomes 6 (6)
Electoral Systems Compared 12 (22)
Electing Representatives 13 (9)
Choosing a President 22 (2)
Effects of Electoral Systems 24 (10)
Parties without Civil Society 34 (19)
A Big Supply of Parties 36 (6)
A Variety of Party Appeals 42 (5)
Fragmented, Multi-Dimensional Party 47 (6)
Systems
Voters without Trust 53 (18)
A Legacy of Distrust 54 (5)
Political Values without Parties 59 (3)
Clear-cut and Fuzzy-Focus Outlooks 62 (9)
Competition without Institutionalization 71 (31)
Institutionalization in Theory 73 (2)
Stable Election Laws 75 (2)
Floating Systems of Parties 77 (7)
An Indefinite Disequilibrium 84 (18)
References 91 (10)
PART TWO: NATIONAL ELECTION RESULTS
Conventions in Reporting Results 101 (1)
Bulgaria 102 (18)
Czechoslovakia 120 (16)
Czech Republic 136 (15)
Slovakia 151 (15)
Estonia 166 (13)
Hungary 179 (15)
Latvia 194 (16)
Lithuania 210 (16)
Poland 226 (20)
Romania 246 (20)
Russia 266 (27)
Slovenia 293