Bacterial Disease Resistance in Plants : Molecular Biology and Biotechnological Applications


Bacterial Disease Resistance in Plants : Molecular Biology and Biotechnological Applications

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 452 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9781560229254
  • DDC分類 632.3

Full Description

Examine the most recent developments in molecular plant pathology!This comprehensive reference book describes the molecular biology of plant-pathogen interactions in depth. With Dr. Vidhyasekaran's keen insights and experienced critical viewpoint, Bacterial Disease Resistance in Plants: Molecular Biology and Biotechnological Applications not only presents reviews of current research but goes on to suggest future research strategies to exploit the studies in interventions with biotechnological, commercial, and field applications.This extraordinarily well-referenced book delivers in-depth examinations of: the molecular recognition process between plants and bacterial pathogens bacterial genes involved in the recognition process hrp, avr, dsp, and hsv genes the transcription of bacterial genes in plants signal transduction systems in bacteria and plants the functions of resistance genes and defense genes at the molecular level the elicitor molecules of bacterial pathogens and plants and their interactions plant and bacterial cell wall modifications and their role in triggering host defense mechanismsBacterial Disease Resistance in Plants also explores active oxygen species, inducible plant proteins and their signals and transcription mechanisms, inducible secondary metabolites, and more. It introduces novel strategies for bacterial disease management using genes from human beings, birds, crabs, insects, fungi, bacteria, and bacteriophages; and genetic engineering techniques that can be used to develop transgenic, disease-resistant plants.Generously illustrated with figures and tables that make the data more quickly understandable, Bacterial Disease Resistance in Plants will be an invaluable resource and textbook for plant pathologists, bacteriologists, botanists, plant physiologists, plant molecular biologists, microbiologists, biochemists, plant cell and applied biologists, genetic engineers, and graduate-level students in these disciplines.

Table of Contents

Foreword                                           xi
M. S. Swaminathan
Preface xiii
Molecular Recognition Processes Between Plant 1 (110)
and Bacterial Pathogens
Introduction 1 (1)
Physical Contact of Plant Cells Is 2 (1)
Necessary for Bacterial Recognition
Molecules Responsible for Physical Contact 3 (3)
Many Bacterial Pathogens Induce Necrosis on 6 (1)
Hosts and Nonhosts
Bacterial Pathogens Grow in Both Host and 6 (4)
Nonhost Plants
Bacterial Pathogens Induce Leakage of 10 (2)
Nutrients in Both Host and Nonhost Plants
Bacterial Genes Involved in Recognition of 12 (23)
Hosts and Nonhosts
Coregulation of hrp, avr, and Other 35 (6)
Pathogenicity Genes
Transcription of Bacterial Pathogenicity 41 (2)
Genes in Planta
Plant-Derived Molecules May Be Involved in 43 (10)
Induction of Bacterial Genes
Some Plant Signals May Direct Synthesis of 53 (7)
Secretion of Elicitors from Bacterial Cells 60 (6)
in Plants
The Role of hrp and avr Genes in the Early 66 (6)
Recognition Process in Plant-Bacterial
Pathogen Interactions
Other Signal Molecules of Bacterial 72 (2)
The Signal Transduction System 74 (15)
Systemic Signal Induction 89 (8)
Is Cell Death Involved in the Signal 97 (2)
Transduction Pathway?
How Pathogens Avoid or Overcome Host 99 (4)
Defense Mechanisms Induced by the Signal
Transduction System
Possible Role of the Signal Transduction 103 (3)
System in Evasion of the Host Recognition
by Phytopathogenic Bacteria During
Conclusion 106 (5)
Host Defense Mechanisms: The Cell Wall---the 111 (56)
First Barrier and a Source of Defense Signal
The First Barrier to Bacterial Infection in 111 (1)
Structure of the Plant Cell Wall 112 (1)
Pectic Polysaccharides 113 (4)
Cellulose 117 (1)
Hemicellulose 118 (1)
Cell Wall Proteins 119 (1)
Bacterial Genes Encoding Extracellular 120 (3)
Bacterial Genes Regulating Production of 123 (8)
Extracellular Enzymes
Bacterial Genes Regulating Secretion of 131 (2)
Extracellular Enzymes
Secretion of Proteases 133 (1)
The Signaling System in Induction of 134 (5)
Bacterial Extracellular Enzymes
Plant Cell Wall Components Involved in 139 (4)
Defense Mechanisms Against Bacterial
Bacterial Extracellular Enzymes Induce Host 143 (4)
Defense Mechanisms
Pectic Fragments Induce Virulence Genes in 147 (1)
Bacteria and Defense Genes in Plants
Pectic Enzymes Vary in Inducing Resistance 148 (1)
or Susceptibility
Polygalacturonase-Inhibiting Proteins 149 (2)
Cell Wall Modifications and Bacterial 151 (12)
Disease Resistance
Conclusion 163 (4)
Active Oxygen Species 167 (18)
Mechanisms of Production of Active Oxygen 167 (3)
Signals for Induction of Active Oxygen 170 (1)
Species in Bacteria-Infected Plants
Bacterial Infection Leads to Production of 171 (1)
Active Oxygen Species in Plants
Active Oxygen Species May Induce Lipid 172 (2)
Increases in Active Oxygen Species Lead to 174 (1)
Activation of Lipoxygenase
Active Oxygen Species Production Leads to 174 (2)
Cell Membrane Damage
Active Oxygen Species May Directly Kill 176 (1)
Bacterial Pathogens
Bacterial Pathogens May Tolerate Toxicity 177 (2)
of Active Oxygen Species
Antioxidants of the Host May Protect 179 (2)
Bacterial Pathogens Against Active Oxygen
The Possible Role of Active Oxygen Species 181 (1)
in Disease Resistance
Conclusion 182 (3)
Inducible Plant Proteins 185 (72)
Introduction 185 (1)
Nomenclature of Pathogen-Inducible Plant 186 (3)
Occurence of PR Proteins in Various Plants 189 (1)
Classification of PR Proteins 190 (18)
Bacterial Pathogens Induce PR Proteins 208 (1)
Molecular Mechanisms of Induction of PR 209 (23)
Compartmentalization of PR Proteins in 232 (4)
Plant Tissues
The Role of PR Proteins in Bacterial 236 (7)
Disease Resistance
The Second Group of Pathogen-Inducible 243 (5)
Proteins: Constitutive, but Increasingly
Hydroxyproline-Rich Glycoproteins 248 (1)
Lectins 249 (1)
Not All Inducible Proteins Need Be Involved 250 (2)
in Inducing Bacterial Disease Resistance
Conclusion 252 (5)
Inducible Secondary Metabolites 257 (24)
What Are Inducible Secondary Metabolites? 257 (3)
Bacterial Pathogens Induce Accumulation of 260 (1)
Secondary Metabolites in Infected Tissues
Phytoalexins Accumulate in Plants After 261 (2)
Irreversible Cell Membrane Damage
Phytoalexins Accumulate Only Locally and 263 (1)
Not Systemically
Mode of Synthesis of Phytoalexins 264 (4)
Evidence That Induced Secondary Metabolites 268 (6)
Are Involved in Bacterial Disease Resistance
Phytoalexins May Be Suppressed, Degraded, 274 (2)
or Inactivated in Susceptible Interactions
Some Phytoalexins May Not Have Any Role in 276 (1)
Disease Resistance
Constitutive, but Induced Secondary 277 (2)
Metabolites During Pathogenesis
Conclusion 279 (2)
Biotechnological Applications: Molecular 281 (38)
Manipulation of Bacterial Disease Resistance
Introduction 281 (1)
Manipulation of the Signal Transduction 281 (3)
System for Induction of Disease Resistance
Manipulation of Resistance Genes Involved 284 (5)
in the Signal Transduction System
Manipulation of the Signal Transduction 289 (3)
System by Elicitors
Manipulation of the Signal Transduction 292 (5)
System Using Chemicals
Manipulation of the Signal Transduction 297 (7)
System Using Rhizobacterial Strains
Manipulation of the Signal Transduction 304 (2)
System by Enhanced Biosynthesis of
Salicylic Acid
Manipulation of the Signal Transduction 306 (1)
System by Inducing Accelerated Cell Death
Manipulation of the Signal Transduction 307 (1)
System by Enhanced Biosynthesis of
Manipulation of Inducible Proteins for 308 (3)
Induction of Bacterial Disease Resistance
Suppression of Virulence Factors of 311 (2)
Bacterial Pathogens to Manage Bacterial
Exploitation of Insect Genes Encoding 313 (1)
Antibacterial Proteins for Bacterial
Disease Management
Exploitation of Bacteriophage Genes for 314 (1)
Bacterial Disease Management
Exploitation of Genes from Human Beings, 315 (1)
Hens, and Crabs for Management of Plant
Bacterial Diseases
Conclusion 316 (3)
References 319 (120)
Index 439