More than 2000 years ago, the Chinese scholar and teacher Confucius wrestled with the problem of how to create a just and peaceful society. His teachings, which came to be known as Confucianism, stressed benevolence toward others, respect for tradition, self-discipline and education. Both a religion and a philosophy, Confucianism has profoundly influenced the social, cultural and political life not only of China, but of much of East Asia. In 2003, its principles are still studied and followed by millions. This volume discusses what Confucianism is, the life, times, and teachings of Confucius, and the spread and practice of Confucianism in modern times.