Sociolinguistic Variation and Change

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Sociolinguistic Variation and Change

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 197 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780878403691
  • DDC分類 306.44

Full Description


This selection of Peter Trudgill's major works since 1988, appearing here in updated and revised form, reveals major recurring themes in his work on linguistic diversity. This book evinces his deep concern that the world's linguistic diversity is diminishing at an alarming rate. The linguistic future is likely to be very different from the past, because increased language contact among peoples will result in the creation of fewer new languages to balance the language deaths. The essays here manifest Trudgill's conviction that linguists must make every effort to study minority languages and dialects before they vanish. The book also demonstrates his sense of the obligation that linguists have to educate the public about why linguistic diversity is valuable. The book deals with a number of specific but related topics. One area is the role of English in the world, and the nature of Standard English or Englishes. Another is language as a human issue, reflecting the author's concern that the results of sociolinguistic research should be made available to assist, wherever possible, with the solution of educational and other real-world problems. A third focus is on the problematic and interconnected relationships among nation and language and dialect, but, unlike the work of most other writers in this field, this book looks closely at the linguistic characteristics of the varieties concerned. The final major emphasis is on sociohistorical linguistics: in particular, the relationship between colonial and motherland varieties of English; dialect contact and language contact; and the sociolinguistically informed dialectology of linguistic theory, linguistic description, and the applications of linguistics. The major overall unifying theme of the book is linguistic variation and, as the diachronic outcome of linguistic variation, linguistic change.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements                                   vii
Sources ix
General introduction 1 (6)
I. Sociohistorical linguistics
Introduction: Sociohistorical linguistics 7 (2)
British vernacular dialects in the formation 9 (7)
of American English: the case of East Anglian
do
'Short o' in East Anglia and New England 16 (5)
Sociohistorical linguistics and dialect 21 (12)
survival: a note on another Nova Scotian
enclave
II. Dialect change
Introduction: Dialect change 29 (4)
Two hundred years of dedialectalisation: the 33 (7)
East Anglian short vowel system
New-dialect formation and dedialectalisation: 40 (8)
embryonic and vestigial variants
Norwich revisited: recent linguistic changes 48 (20)
in an English urban dialect
III. Language contact
Introduction: Language contact 65 (3)
Dual-source pidgins and reverse creoloids: 68 (8)
northern perspectives on language contact
Language contact and the function of 76 (17)
linguistic gender
Third-person singular zero: African American 93 (7)
vernacular English, East Anglian dialects and
Spanish persecution in the Low Countries
Language contact and inherent variability: 100(14)
the absence of hypercorrection in East
Anglian present-tense verb forms
IV. Language creation and language death
Introduction: Language creation and 111(3)
language death
Ausbau Sociolinguistics and the perception of 114(11)
language status in contemporary Europe
Ausbau sociolinguistics and identity in 125(12)
modern Greece
Language maintenance and language shift: 137(13)
preservation versus extinction
V. Englishes
Introduction: Englishes 147(3)
English as an endangered language 150(9)
Standard English: what it isn't 159(12)
The sociolinguistics of modern RP 171(10)
References 181(12)
Index 193