半権威主義的国家における民主主義<br>Democracy Challenged : The Rise of Semi-Authoritarianism

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半権威主義的国家における民主主義
Democracy Challenged : The Rise of Semi-Authoritarianism

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 256 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780870031953
  • DDC分類 320.53

基本説明

Ottaway examines five countries (Egypt, Azerbaijan, Venezuela, Croatia, and Senegal) that highlight the distinctive features of semi-authoritarianism explains why the dominant approach to democracy promotion isn't effective in these countries.

Full Description


During the 1990s, international democracy promotion efforts led to the establishment of numerous regimes that cannot be easily classified as either authoritarian or democratic. They display characteristics of each, in short they are semi-authoritarian regimes. These regimes pose a considerable challenge to U.S. policymakers because the superficial stability of many semi-authoritarian regimes usually masks severe problems that need to be solved lest they lead to a future crisis. Additionally, these regimes call into question some of the ideas about democratic transitions that underpin the democracy promotion strategies of the United States and other Western countries. Despite their growing importance, semi-authoritarian regimes have not received systematic attention. Marina Ottaway examines five countries (Egypt, Azerbaijan, Venezuela, Croatia, and Senegal) which highlight the distinctive features of semi-authoritarianism and the special challenge each poses to policymakers. She explains why the dominant approach to democracy promotion isn't effective in these countries and concludes by suggesting alternative policies. Marina Ottaway is senior associate and codirector of the Democracy and Rule of Law Project at the Carnegie Endowment.

Table of Contents

Foreword                                           vi
Acknowledgments viii
The Challenges of Semi-Authoritarianism: An 3 (26)
Introduction
PART ONE Varieties of Semi-Authoritarianism 29 (102)
Egypt: Institutionalized 31 (20)
Semi-Authoritarianism
Azerbaijan: The Semi-Authoritarianism of 51 (20)
Decay
Venezuela: Democratic Decay 71 (20)
Senegal: Democracy as ``Alternance'' 91 (18)
Croatia: Toward a Second Transition 109 (22)
PART TWO Why Semi-Authoritarianism? 131 (60)
Introduction 133 (4)
Games Semi-Authoritarian Regimes Play 137 (24)
Beyond Games: Looking at Structural 161 (30)
Obstacles
PART THREE Intervening in Semi-Authoritarian 191 (64)
States
Introduction 193 (2)
The Record So Far 195 (30)
Looking to the Future 225 (30)
Notes 255 (16)
Bibliography 271 (4)
Index 275 (12)
About the Author 287 (1)
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace 288