Law of Cartels

Law of Cartels

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780853088202
  • DDC分類 341

基本説明

Contents: The Legislative and Institutional Framework/ The Civil Infringement/ UK Criminal Cartel Offence/ Global Cartels and Anti-Cartel Enforcement Agencies/ etc.

Table of Contents

Foreword                                           v
Introduction vii
Acknowledgments xi
Table of Cases xix
Table of Statutes xxxiii
Table of Statutory Instruments xxxix
Table of EC Materials xli
Table of National Legislation li
Table of CAT, DTI and OFT Materials liii
Table of Abbreviations lvii
Useful Website Links lix
PART ONE: EC and UK Civil Law
The Legislative and Institutional Framework 3 (68)
in the EC and UK
Introduction 3 (1)
EC Law 3 (34)
EC Treaty 3 (3)
Article 81 EC 6 (20)
Enforcement 26 (11)
UK Law 37 (32)
Introduction 37 (1)
Competition Act 1998 37 (20)
The Enterprise Act 2002 57 (1)
Enforcement 58 (11)
Human Rights 69 (2)
The Elements of an Illegal Cartel under EC 71 (64)
and UK Law
General Introduction 71 (30)
Historical development of cartels in 72 (2)
Europe
Historical development of cartels in 74 (1)
the United States
Cartels as a socio-economic phenomenon 75 (26)
The Civil Infringement under EC Law 101 (17)
Distinction between illegal (hard-core) 101 (1)
cartels and lawful co-operation
The elements of hard-core infringements 101 (7)
under Article 81(1) EC
The prosecution of vertical competition 108 (1)
law infringements
Permissibility of information exchange 108 (10)
between competitors
The Civil Infringement under UK Law 118 (17)
Introduction 118 (3)
The extent of the civil infringement 121 (2)
under UK Law
Agreements, decisions or practices 123 (8)
which directly or indirectly fix
purchasing or selling prices
Agreements which limit or control 131 (1)
production
Agreements to share markets 131 (1)
Information-sharing agreements 132 (3)
The Investigatory Powers of the Anti-Cartel 135 (58)
Enforcement Agencies
Introduction 135 (1)
Powers of Investigation under EC Law 135 (38)
Introduction 135 (1)
Requests for information 136 (4)
Inspections by Commission officials: 140 (14)
`dawn raids'
Safeguards 154 (12)
New powers implemented by Regulation 166 (7)
1/2003
Powers of Investigation under UK Law 173 (20)
Introduction 173 (2)
Requests for information 175 (1)
Power to enter premises without a 176 (3)
warrant
Power to enter premises with a warrant 179 (5)
Safeguards 184 (4)
Investigation powers in EC Commission 188 (1)
investigations
Offences 189 (4)
Fines, Penalties and Directors' 193 (64)
Disqualification
Introduction 193 (1)
EC Law 193 (29)
Relevant legislation and notices 193 (19)
The 10% ceiling on the imposition of a 212 (2)
fine
Limitation periods in proceedings and 214 (4)
the enforcement of sanctions
Double jeopardy: the taking into 218 (1)
account of fines imposed in foreign
jurisdictions
The unlimited jurisdiction of the 219 (3)
Community courts to reduce or increase
the fine
UK Law -- Penalties and Directors' 222 (35)
Disqualifications
Financial penalties 222 (1)
The power to impose and recover 223 (2)
financial penalties
Immunity from penalties 225 (2)
Maximum amount of penalty 227 (2)
Guidance as to the appropriate amount 229 (10)
of a penalty
The case-law of the OFT and the CAT to 239 (3)
date
Limitation periods 242 (1)
Disqualification as a director 242 (1)
Mechanism of disqualification for 243 (4)
competition infringements
Applications for Competition 247 (7)
Disqualification Orders
Interaction with the criminal cartel 254 (1)
offence
Procedure 255 (2)
Leniency 257 (26)
Introduction 257 (2)
Public policy rationale for a leniency 257 (1)
regime
Economic prerequisites of a successful 258 (1)
leniency regime
EC Law 259 (11)
Situation before the adoption of the 259 (1)
1996 Leniency Notice
The 1996 Leniency Notice 260 (6)
The 2002 Leniency Notice 266 (3)
Civil law liability related trade-offs 269 (1)
in applying for leniency
UK Leniency 270 (11)
Introduction 270 (1)
The US regime 271 (2)
The UK regime 273 (1)
Total immunity 274 (1)
Reduction of up to 50% 275 (2)
Procedure 277 (1)
Practice to date 278 (3)
PART TWO: Criminalisation of Cartels
Introduction to Part Two 281 (2)
Criminalisation of Cartels in the UK 283 (50)
Introduction 283 (1)
Background to the Criminal Offence in the 284 (4)
UK Competition Regime
The development of the offence: from 284 (1)
White Paper to legislation
The justification for the offence in UK 285 (3)
competition law
The Main Elements of the Offence 288 (27)
The first category of sections: The 288 (11)
cartel offence
The second category of sections: 299 (16)
Criminal investigations by the OFT
Immunity from Prosecution: `No-action' 315 (6)
letters
Interplay with the various UK and EU 321 (1)
Civil Regimes
Parallel Investigation and Prosecution of 322 (4)
the Cartel Offence by the OFT and the SFO
The interplay between civil and criminal 326 (7)
proceedings
Criminalisation of Cartels in Jurisdictions 333 (12)
throughout the World
Introduction 333 (4)
Co-operation arrangements between 333 (3)
international enforcement agencies
Extradition 336 (1)
Country by Country Analysis 337 (8)
EEA jurisdictions 337 (2)
Other major jurisdictions 339 (2)
Other jurisdictions 341 (4)
PART THREE: Practical Guidance in Relation to
Cartels
Dealing with the Anti-Cartel Enforcement 345 (6)
Agencies and Global Cartels
Which Approach in which Situation 345 (1)
Preparing a Leniency Application 346 (5)
Which agency should be contacted first? 347 (2)
Preparing a leniency application 349 (2)
Dawn Raids 351 (14)
Introduction 351 (1)
Inspections at Business Premises 352 (11)
Arrival of the inspectors 352 (4)
The inspection 356 (6)
After the inspection 362 (1)
Inspections carried out on Domestic 363 (1)
Premises and under Criminal Powers of
Investigation
Conclusions 364 (1)
Compliance Regimes 365 (98)
Introduction 365 (1)
Why have a Compliance Programme? 365 (4)
The Essential Elements of a Compliance 369 (9)
Programme
Conclusion 378 (3)
ANNEXES
INVESTIGATIONS
Articles 11 and 14 of Regulation 17/62 381 (2)
Explanatory Notes to authorisations under 383 (4)
Article 14 of Regulation 17/62
Powers of Investigation under Regulation 387 (6)
1/03
Practice Direction -- Application for a 393 (16)
Warrant under Section 28 of the
Competition Act 1998
FINES
European Commission Guidelines on the 409 (6)
method of setting fines imposed pursuant
to Article 15(2) of Regulation No. 17 and
Article 65(5) of the ECSC Treaty
Director General of Fair Trading's 415 (10)
Guidance as to the appropriate amount of
a penalty
LENIENCY
Commission Notice on the non-imposition 425 (4)
or reduction of fines in cartel cases
(The `1996 Notice')
Commission Notice on immunity from fines 429 (6)
and reduction in fines in cartel cases
(The `2002 Notice')
The Corporate Leniency Policy of the 435 (2)
United States
European Competition Authorities: 437 (6)
Principles for Leniency Programmes
ENTERPRISE ACT 2002
Section 204 of the Enterprise Act 2002 443 (6)
Part 6 of the Enterprise Act 2002 449 (10)
A draft `No-action' Letter 459 (4)
Index 463