菌根<br>Mycorrhizas : Anatomy and Cell Biology

菌根
Mycorrhizas : Anatomy and Cell Biology

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 173 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780851999012
  • DDC分類 579.51785

基本説明

Beautifully illustrated with color illustrations, photographs and scanning electron micrographs.

Full Description


Symbiotic relations between roots and fungi (mycorrhizas) are the most prevalent symbiotic systems on earth. For example, mycorrhizas increase nutrient uptake from soil, assist in the biocontrol of pathogenic fungi and nematodes, and have a positive effect on the establishment of plant communities. Mycorrhizal associations can be found in all ecosystems and in important forest and crop species. This book provides a summary of all the mycorrhizal categories from a morphological and anatomical perspective.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            vii
Introduction 1 (1)
Root-microorganism interactions are 1 (1)
ubiquitous
Mycorrhizal categories 1 (1)
Dark septate fungal endophytes 2 (1)
Microscopy 2 (1)
Organization of book 2 (1)
References 2 (1)
Recent specialized books on mycorrhizas 3 (1)
Mycorrhizas -- the most prevalent 4 (1)
symbiosis on earth
Ectomycorrhizas 5 (38)
Introduction 7 (1)
Definition 7 (1)
Plant species involved 7 (1)
Fungal species involved 8 (1)
Morphology of ectomycorrhizas 8 (1)
Mantle 9 (13)
Hartig net 22 (1)
Extraradical mycelium 23 (15)
Specialized ectomycorrhizas -- 38
tuberculate mycorrhizas
The polyphosphate controversy 30 (1)
Are water and nutrients able to pass 31 (1)
through the mantle?
Root cells may respond to mycorrhizal 32 (7)
fungi by developing as transfer cells
Can ectomycorrhizal fungi really eat 39 (3)
rocks?
Growing ectomycorrhizal fungi in the lab 42 (1)
Ectendomycorrhizas 43 (12)
Introduction 45 (1)
Definition 45 (1)
Plant species involved 45 (1)
Fungal species involved 45 (1)
Structural characteristics 45 (9)
Functions 54 (1)
Arbuscular mycorrhizas 55 (26)
Introduction 57 (1)
Definition 57 (1)
Plant species involved 57 (1)
Fungal species involved 58 (1)
Intraradical hyphae 58 (6)
Arbuscules 64 (6)
Intraradical vesicles 70 (1)
Extraradical vesicles 70 (1)
Extraradical mycelium 71 (5)
Spores 76
Do the lower plants have arbuscular 62 (1)
mycorrhizas?
Use of `hairy roots' in studies with 63 (2)
arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
Plant mutants help unravel colonization 65 (3)
events in arbuscular mycorrhizas
What is the nature of the interface 68 (1)
between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and
root cells?
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi harbour 69 (8)
intracellular bacteria
Dynamic changes in the plant cytoskeleton 77 (4)
Ericoid mycorrhizas 81 (16)
Introduction 83 (3)
Definition 83 (1)
Plant species involved 83 (3)
Fungal species involved 86 (1)
Development and structure 86 (3)
Extraradical mycelium 89 (1)
Functions 89
Liverworts and ericoid species can share 87 (7)
common fungal symbionts
Investigating the identity of ericoid 94 (1)
mycorrhizal fungi
Ericoid mycorrhizal fungi access various 95 (2)
sources of nitrogen
Arbutoid mycorrhizas 97 (12)
Introduction 99 (1)
Definition 99 (1)
Plant species involved 99 (1)
Fungal species involved 99 (1)
Development and structure 99 (1)
Functions 100(9)
Monotropoid mycorrhizas 109(14)
Introduction 111(1)
Definition 111(1)
Plant species involved 111(1)
Fungal species involved 111(1)
Development and structure 112(1)
Functions 113(10)
Orchid mycorrhizas 123(22)
Introduction 125(5)
Definition 125(1)
Plant species involved 125(1)
Fungal species involved 125(5)
Orchid seed germination and protocorm 130(1)
formation
Seedling establishment and mature plants 131(1)
Functioning of orchid mycorrhizas 131(12)
Orchids as `cheaters' 143(1)
Mycorrhizal fungi alter the cytology of 144(1)
orchid cells
Dark septate fungal endophytes 145(10)
Introduction 147(1)
Definition 147(1)
Plant species involved 147(1)
Fungal species involved 147(1)
Colonization of roots 148(1)
Functions 148(7)
References 155(8)
Glossary 163(2)
Appendices 165(6)
Index 171