This guide, written by a practitioner and a veteran of international institutionalism, provides background information on gender-responsive budgets including: a definition, a description of what these initiatives entail, and a map showing the countries where work has taken place to date with examples of the diversity of experiences. It also provides the different rationales for undertaking the exercises. Gender advocates and policy-makers will find the treatment of practical issues involved in implementation invaluable, such as the discussion on situation analysis, identifying key stakeholders and their potential roles, as well as issues affecting the sustainability of these initiatives to be invaluable. Case studies are also included with suggestions on how to access resources. The guide is not to be read as a blueprint for implementing a gender-responsive budget. Rather, the publication aims to provide practitioners, politicians and policy communities with the basic information needed to understand gender-responsive budgets and to start initiatives based on their own local situations. Engendering Budgets is part of the Commonwealth's contribution to the global goal of gender equality, and it is hoped that it will prove useful to those already involved in or considering work on gender-responsive budgets.
Abbreviations Foreword Introduction 1. Getting Started What are Gender-responsive Budgets? Defining the work Country examples: Australia and South Africa Why Gender-responsive Budgets? Responding to gender disadvantage Engendering economic policy Integrating the care sector Addressing poverty and social need Supporting gender mainstreaming Strengthening governance Monitoring and evaluating government spending 2. Understanding the Context What is a Government Budget? Crucial economic functions of the budget Medium-term expenditure frameworks Understanding the Budget Process Determining the macroeconomic situation Preparing budget guidelines and setting expenditure ceilings Preparing sector ministry spending proposals Securing legislative approval Monitoring, evaluation and accountability 3. Implementing a Gender-responsive Budget Learning about the Situation in a Particular Country Issues Affecting the Sustainability of Gender Budget Work Who Could be Involved in a GRB Initiative? Civil society Government External agencies Determining the Focus of the Initiative Working at the Sub-national Level Accessing Resources 4. Applying the Analytical Framework The Three-way Categorisation 1. Gender-specific expenditure allocations 2. Equal employment opportunities in the public sector 3. General expenditure allocations The Five-step approach 1. Analysing the situation of women, men, girls and boys 2. Assessing the gender-responsiveness of policies 3. Assessing budget allocations 4. Monitoring spending and service delivery 5. Assessing outcomes Analysing Revenue-raising Measures Conclusion Bibliography