20世紀アジアにおける仏教と政治<br>Buddhism and Politics in Twentieth Century Asia

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20世紀アジアにおける仏教と政治
Buddhism and Politics in Twentieth Century Asia

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 320 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780826451781
  • DDC分類 327

基本説明

New in paperback. Hardcover was published in 1999 by Pinter.

Full Description


Historically, Buddhism has prospered in societies organized in accordance with the socio-political teachings of the Buddha. The 20th century has been a particularly traumatic time in its history, not least because traditional policies have been eroded as disparate factors, such as war, modernity, westernization, nationalization, capitalism, communism and ethnic conflict, have made their presence felt in the religion's Asian heartlands. In this study a team of international scholars assess the manner in which Buddhist organizations and individuals have resisted, come to terms with, or in some cases allied themselves with these forces. It has become customary for Westerners to view Buddhism as an otherworldly and introspective religion. By examining issues such as left-right divisions in the monastic order, the rise of organized lay movements, Buddhist social activism, as well as explicitly Buddhist-inspired political activity, this book seeks to demonstrate that the emphasis on meditation and mental training is only one strand in this richly complex world-historical tradition.

Table of Contents

        List of Contributors                       vi
Preface vii
Buddhism and Politics in Asia: The Textual 1 (25)
and Historical Roots
Ian Harris
The Legacy of Tradition and Authority: 26 (28)
Buddhism and the Nation in Myanmar
Bruce Matthews
Buddhism in Extremis: The Case of Cambodia 54 (25)
Ian Harris
Politics and Ambedkar Buddhism in Maharashtra 79 (26)
Timothy Fitzgerald
Japanese Nationalism and the Universal Dharma 105(22)
Hiroko Kawanami
Buddhism and Secular Power in 127(26)
Twentieth-Century Korea
Henrik H. Srensen
Laos: From Buddhist Kingdom to Marxist State 153(20)
Martin Stuart-Fox
First Among Equals: Buddhism and the Sri 173(21)
Lankan State
Tessa Bartholomeusz
Centre and Periphery: Buddhism and Politics 194(35)
in Modern Thailand
Donald K. Swearer
Renewal and REsistance: Tibetan Buddhism in 229(25)
the Modern Era
Ronald D. Schwartz
The Quest for Enlightenment and Cultural 254(31)
Identity: Buddhism in Contemporary Vietnam
Thien Do
Index 285