For Our Navajo People : Dine Letters, Speeches & Petitions 1900-1960

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For Our Navajo People : Dine Letters, Speeches & Petitions 1900-1960

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 352 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780826327185
  • DDC分類 979.1004972

Full Description


One hundred documents written by Dine men, women, and children speaking for themselves and on behalf of their communities are collected in this book. Discovered during Iverson's research for the book, these letters, speeches, and petitions, almost all previously unpublished, provide a uniquely moving portrait of the Dine during an era in which they were fighting to defend their lands and to build the Navajo Nation. Six crucial, overlapping subjects are addressed here: land, community, education, rights, government, and identity. Brief introductions to each chapter and each document provide the necessary context, and historic photographs selected by Monty Roessel (Navajo), an outstanding photographer, supplement the words of the people. Most of the vast literature about American Indians emphasises the actions and words of non-Indians. Indians become the victims, the people to whom things happen. This volume furnishes a different view of the native past. It shows Navajos making their own history. It demonstrates how the Dine worked to keep their lands, develop their economy, build their communities, educate their young people, affirm their rights, govern themselves, and maintain their heritage while forging a brighter future.

Table of Contents

        List of Illustrations                      xiii
Acknowledgments xv
Introduction 1 (2)
Land 3 (46)
Introduction 3 (1)
Chee Dodge addresses the problems that 4 (1)
would occur with the end of trust status
and the division of tribal lands, February
2, 1914
Chee Dodge writes to the Commissioner of 5 (1)
Indian Affairs about Navajo oil resources,
March 2, 1923
Tribal Council members consider land use 6 (2)
issues, July 8, 1926
Jacob C. Morgan opposes using the Navajo 8 (3)
oil fund to purchase new reservation lands,
February 18, 1927
John H. Lee protests a decision denying him 11 (2)
access to grazing lands, October 11, 1936
Adolph Maloney favors one version of 13 (1)
livestock reduction, August 9, 1937
Chee Dodge notes the challenges and 14 (1)
problems inherent in the use of land
resources, April 20, 1938
Navajo Tribal Council members question 15 (7)
Superintendent Fryer about the details of
livestock reduction, May 15, 1939
Scott Preston and others write to their 22 (2)
congressional representative about current
federal grazing policies, February 14, 1940
Manuel Denetso criticizes the imposition of 24 (4)
land management districts, July 5, 1940
Paul Jones reports that Hopis are taking 28 (1)
wood from Navajo land, January 13, 1944
Deshna Clah Cheschillige emphasizes the 28 (1)
importance of developing ``our country,''
July 19, 1944
Mrs. Chiquito fears she will lose her land, 29 (1)
May 17, 1947
Tom Jones, Rachel Laughter, and others 30 (2)
describe the ``Big Snow,'' January 1, 1948
Dewey Etsitty attacks the donkey and 32 (1)
praises the elephant, April 18, 1953
Marcus Kanuho and Sevier Vaughn review 33 (4)
Navajo-Hopi relations, December 8, 1954
Paul Jones advocates getting ``our money's 37 (2)
worth on oil'' and explains that industry
can help the Tribe provide for the needy,
October 6, 1955, and January 18, 1956
Gray Valentine looks at contemporary oil 39 (10)
development and remembers past promises,
January 19, 1956
Community 49 (28)
Introduction 49 (1)
St. Michaels residents petition to the 50 (2)
President to add land to the reservation,
February 26, 1924
Greasewood chapter officers ask for a 52 (2)
boarding school and Round Rock chapter asks
for a day school, April 14, 1932 and March
20, 1939
Shonto and Lukachukai residents let the 54 (2)
Commissioner of Indian Affairs know they
need better roads, June 15, 1935 and
February 1937
Toadlena chapter officers inform Dr. W. W. 56 (1)
Peter that a physician is needed in their
community, January 30, 1937
Kinlichee chapter members request that 57 (1)
their Christmas wish be granted, December
25, 1937
Eastern Navajo area residents doubt the 58 (3)
author of the Taylor Grazing Act knows
anything about them, n.d.
Lake Valley Chapter members demand their 61 (2)
teacher be fired, July 26, 1940
Rock Point residents protest the transfer 63 (1)
of a range rider, November 18, 1940
Mariano Lake chapter members present a 64 (2)
problem with horses, October 26, 1943
Twin Lakes residents call for the end of 66 (1)
the Mexican Springs soil conservation
station, November 22, 1943
Many Farms chapter members argue for the 67 (10)
end of livestock reduction until the war is
over, November 23, 1943
Education 77 (44)
Introduction 77 (1)
Jacob C. Morgan (Hampton Institute) reports 78 (1)
his activities, August 27, 1902
Yanapah Tsosie and Sam Ahkeah (San Juan 79 (1)
School) report on a visitor's speech, June
1910
Lilly Julian (Sherman Institute) and 80 (2)
Katherine Atencia (Albuquerque Indian
School) describe life at school in 1914
Alice Becenti (Sherman Institute) writes 82 (3)
about homesickness, money, and other
concerns, August 24, 1914; November 3,
1915; May 1916
Grace Padilla (Sherman Institute) asks when 85 (2)
she can come home, June 24, 1914; July 19,
1914
Gertrude Lynch (St. Michaels School) 87 (1)
Presents her summer plans, April 19, 1915
John Charles (Haskell Institute) wonders 88 (2)
about his future, November 30, 1915
Chee Dodge calls on the government not to 90 (1)
use force in sending children to school,
April 20, 1925
Waldo Emerson (Fort Wingate) clarifies why 91 (1)
he may not continue to stay in school,
November 10, 1935
Sally Kinlichini asks that her son return 92 (1)
home and Lucy Harvey explains why her
children are not in school, November 26,
1935, and March 1938
Alice Clark invites the director of Navajo 93 (1)
education to Toadlena School, May 17, 1940
Sam Gorman speaks about the value of a good 94 (5)
education, February 2, 1941, and November
4, 1953
Chee Dodge summarizes the changes in Navajo 99 (2)
perspectives about education, May 20, 1946
Roger Davis calls for compulsory education, 101 (2)
February 18, 1947
Lilly Neil explains the situation in the 103 (3)
checkerboard area, September 8, 1947
Hoskie Cronemeyer advocates an emphasis on 106 (2)
English in the schools, August 11, 1952
Sam Ahkeah emphasizes the importance of 108 (1)
higher education, July 20, 1953
Alice John Bedoni (Phoenix Indian School) 108 (2)
stresses the value of education, June 1,
1954
Dillon Platero reviews current problems, 110 (11)
needs, and accomplishments, January 25, 1960
Rights 121 (39)
Introduction 121 (1)
Peshlakai and other leaders support the 122 (1)
federal government, November 29, 1908
Be-zho-she describes a confrontation with 123 (5)
superintendent William Shelton, November 1,
1913
John Yazza and Willie George write from 128 (1)
prison, June 24, 1916, and July 8, 1922
Nelson Etcitty chastises Superintendent 129 (3)
Samuel Stacher, April 4, 1922, and April
21, 1922
Howard Gorman speaks out about the traders, 132 (3)
December 20, 1939 and July 2, 1940
Roger Davis calls for the Navajos to 135 (2)
receive the same kind of benefits as
non-Indian farmers and ranchers, June 6,
1940
The Navajo Rights Association approves 137 (5)
by-laws and resolutions, October and
November, 1940
Deshna Clah Cheschillige advocates Navajo 142 (2)
rights, December 8, 1940
Private Ralph Anderson demands the right to 144 (1)
vote, April 30, 1943
Evans Holly, Jack Jones, James Oliver, and 145 (3)
Sam Capitan document some of the challenges
facing the Native American Church, August
29, 1944, April 15, 1945, and May 8, 1945
Julia Denetclaw tries in vain to register 148 (1)
to vote, May 6, 1946
Annie Wauneka raises questions about the 148 (2)
status of Navajo water rights, May 3, 1952
Frank Bradley reveals the problems 150 (2)
experienced by Navajos working off the
reservation, November 3, 1953
Annie Wauneka addresses health care, 152 (6)
November 2, 1953, October 12, 1955, and
January 15, 1959
Howard Gorman discusses the need for legal 158 (2)
assistance for individual Navajos, October
9, 1958
Government 160 (52)
Introduction 160 (1)
Atsidi Nez calls for one boss for all of 161 (1)
the Navajos, December 31, 1920
Jacob C. Morgan declares Chee Dodge and his 162 (2)
friends are trying to force him off the
tribal council, May 20, 1927
Deshna Clah Cheschillige speaks about the 164 (2)
needs of the people, June 1, 1933
Tom Dodge says the Tribal Council must deal 166 (3)
with traders, soil erosion, and
missionaries, October 30, 1933
Jacob C. Morgan employs the example of 169 (2)
Booker T. Washington, March 12, 1934
Jim Shirley complains about administrators 171 (1)
taking too much of the Tribal Council's
time, April 9, 1934
Chee Dodge recommends the removal of 172 (3)
Superintendent E. R. Fryer, April 20, 1936
Tom Dodge resigns as chairman of the Tribal 175 (2)
Council, May 7, 1936
Tom Dodge characterizes Jacob Morgan as the 177 (2)
Navajo Hitler, March 24, 1938
Jacob C. Morgan articulates his hopes for 179 (2)
his administration, November 8, 1938
Jacob C. Morgan addresses the role of the 181 (3)
Tribal Council, March 7, 1939
Chairman Jacob C. Morgan denies the right 184 (1)
of Vice Chairman Howard Gorman to speak
during a Tribal Council meeting, May, 15,
1939
Tsehe Notah talks about the need to plan 185 (2)
for our own people, July 5, 1940
Notah Begay supports a range rider, 187 (1)
November 19, 1940
Howard Gorman reports to E. R. Fryer on Tom 188 (5)
Dodge and Chee Dodge, January 28, 1941
Robert Martin and other Tribal Council 193 (2)
members provide Congress with a list of
grievances, April 1946
Dewey Etsitty and Roger Davis argue the 195 (3)
traders must pay more rent, June 26, 1948
Ned Hatathli urges the Tribal Council to 198 (2)
plan for the future, October 14, 1955
Annie Wauneka analyzes the job being done 200 (2)
by the general counsel, January 23, 1956
Howard Gorman clarifies the significance of 202 (10)
Williams v. Lee, January 13, 1959
Identity 212 (55)
Introduction 212 (1)
Chee Dodge warns people about a short rope, 213 (1)
November 16, 1905
Clitso D. Dedman seeks Lorenzo Hubbell's 214 (1)
advice, September 9, 1912
Gehbah Manuelito and Ed Becenti disapprove 214 (2)
of Navajo ceremonies, August 18, 1929
Toadlena schoolchildren explain how a rug 216 (3)
is created, how sheep are cared for, and
how a hogan is constructed, ca. 1930
Tom Dodge refutes an inaccurate magazine 219 (3)
article about the Navajos, February 25, 1933
Roy Kinsel, Mattie Denet Dale, John Harvey, 222 (8)
Hola Tso, Scott Preston, and David Clark
furnish conflicting testimony about peyote,
May 9, 1940, and May 15, 1946
Navajo Code Talkers use their language and 230 (3)
imagination, 1942-1945
Private Ralph W. Anderson asks for support 233 (1)
during World War II, July 3, 1943
Dan Keyonie reminds John Collier that 234 (1)
Navajos are fighting for him, July 10, 1943
Sam Ahkeah lauds the sacrifices of Navajo 235 (2)
soldiers and calls for an end to livestock
reduction and the Bureau of Indian Affairs,
July 9, 1943
David Clah categorizes sheep as ``a thing 237 (1)
of the past,'' February 19, 1947
Jim Hale and Eugene Gordy explain why sheep 238 (3)
and horses still matter, June 28, 1948 and
August 20, 1951
Alfred Damon considers changing times, ca. 241 (4)
1952
Howard Gorman and Sam Ahkeah examine the 245 (3)
importance of preserving traditional
ceremonial knowledge, March 2, 1954
R. C. Gorman stresses the value of military 248 (2)
service, April 1, 1954
Ned Hatathali notes the altered place of 250 (3)
livestock in the Navajo economy, September
19, 1957
Paul Jones outlines issues, achievements, 253 (14)
and opportunities, January 1959
Sources 267 (3)
Index 270