The Invention of Capitalism : Classical Political Economy and the Secret History of Primitive Accumulation

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The Invention of Capitalism : Classical Political Economy and the Secret History of Primitive Accumulation

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 412 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780822324911
  • DDC分類 330.153

基本説明

This re-reading of the history of classical political economy sheds important light on the rise of capitalism to its present state of world dominance.

Full Description


The originators of classical political economy-Adam Smith, David Ricardo, James Steuart, and others-created a discourse that explained the logic, the origin, and, in many respects, the essential rightness of capitalism. But, in the great texts of that discourse, these writers downplayed a crucial requirement for capitalism's creation: For it to succeed, peasants would have to abandon their self-sufficient lifestyle and go to work for wages in a factory. Why would they willingly do this?Clearly, they did not go willingly. As Michael Perelman shows, they were forced into the factories with the active support of the same economists who were making theoretical claims for capitalism as a self-correcting mechanism that thrived without needing government intervention. Directly contradicting the laissez-faire principles they claimed to espouse, these men advocated government policies that deprived the peasantry of the means for self-provision in order to coerce these small farmers into wage labor. To show how Adam Smith and the other classical economists appear to have deliberately obscured the nature of the control of labor and how policies attacking the economic independence of the rural peasantry were essentially conceived to foster primitive accumulation, Perelman examines diaries, letters, and the more practical writings of the classical economists. He argues that these private and practical writings reveal the real intentions and goals of classical political economy-to separate a rural peasantry from their access to land.This rereading of the history of classical political economy sheds important light on the rise of capitalism to its present state of world dominance. Historians of political economy and Marxist thought will find that this book broadens their understanding of how capitalism took hold in the industrial age.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Dark Designs                         1  (12)
The Enduring Importance of Primitive 13 (12)
Accumulation
The Theory of Primitive Accumulation 25 (13)
Primitive Accumulation and the Game Laws 38 (21)
The Social Division of Labor and Household 59 (33)
Production
Elaborating the Model of Primitive 92 (32)
Accumulation
The Dawn of Political Economy 124(15)
Sir James Steuart's History of Primitive 139(32)
Accumulation
Adam Smith's Charming Obfuscation of Class 171(25)
The Revisionist History of Professor Adam 196(33)
Smith
Adam Smith and the Ideological Role of the 229(25)
Colonies
Benjamin Franklin and the Smithian Ideology 254(26)
of Slavery and Wage Labor
The Classics as Cossacks: Classical Political 280(41)
Economy versus the Working Class
The Counterattack 321(31)
Notes on Development 352(17)
Conclusion 369(2)
References 371(36)
Index 407