インド、中国、日本:比較政治(第4版)<br>Comparing Asian Politics : India, China, and Japan (4TH)

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インド、中国、日本:比較政治(第4版)
Comparing Asian Politics : India, China, and Japan (4TH)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 380 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780813348834
  • DDC分類 320.3095

Full Description


Comparing Asian Politics presents an invaluable comparative examination of politics and government in three Asian nations: India, China, and Japan. The author elucidates the links between politics and each nation's distinctive cultural and historical contexts and demonstrates the intermingling and grafting of Asian traditions with the influence of Western values and institutions. National identity, political cohesion, and socioeconomic change emerge as central to how politics has developed in each nation-state. Also included are focus boxes on political and social issues in other important countries in Asia. The book provides insight into topics such as the significance of constitutions in the political process the parliamentary system in Asia the regionalization of politics and the importance of levels of government the decay of one-party rule the links between development and democratization and the impact of globalization. This essential text not only illuminates the politics of India, China, and Japan in relation to one another, it also suggests to readers how their own experience of politics can be informed by understanding the politics and government of these three Asian nations. In this new edition, the author includes a discussion on the recent political changes in China and the election of Xi Jinping in early 2013, the devastating earthquake and tsunami that hit Japan in 2011, and the recent elections in India.

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Illustrations                   xi
Preface to the Fourth Edition xiii
1 Introduction: Themes in Asian Politics 1 (18)
Why Asia? 1 (1)
Themes in Asian Politics: Culture and 2 (4)
Tradition
Themes in Asian Politics: Development, State, 6 (2)
and Nation in International Context
Lenses 8 (7)
Organization and Approach 15 (2)
For Discussion 17 (1)
Exploring Further 17 (1)
Notes 17 (2)
2 India: People and Politics 19 (26)
Demographic Divides 19 (3)
Gender 22 (3)
Caste and Class 25 (5)
Language 30 (2)
Religion 32 (7)
Summary 39 (1)
For Discussion: Probing the Data 40 (1)
Exploring Further 40 (1)
Notes 41 (4)
3 Indian National Identity: Secular or Hindu? 45 (26)
Early India: Empire and Village 46 (2)
Creating the Indian State: The Mughal and 48 (4)
British Empires
Defining the Indian Nation-State 52 (8)
Swaraj and Partition 60 (3)
A Divided Subcontinent: Ayodhya and Kashmir 63 (4)
Summary 67 (1)
For Discussion 68 (1)
Exploring Further 68 (1)
Notes 68 (3)
4 China: People and Politics 71 (26)
Population Size and Distribution 71 (7)
Gender 78 (3)
Regions, Religion, and Ethnic Minorities 81 (8)
Summary 89 (1)
For Discussion 90 (1)
Exploring Further 90 (1)
Notes 90 (7)
5 Recreating the Chinese Nation-State 97 (24)
Confucianism: Social Harmony and Virtuous Rule 98 (4)
Opium, Humiliation, and Failed Reform 102 (5)
Republican and Communist Revolution 107 (7)
The Historical Legacy: Hong Kong and Taiwan 114 (3)
Summary 117 (1)
For Discussion 118 (1)
Exploring Further 118 (1)
Notes 118 (3)
6 Japan: People and Politics 121 (26)
Population Size and Distribution 121 (5)
Gender 126 (3)
Minority Populations 129 (5)
Religion 134 (6)
Summary 140 (1)
For Discussion 141 (1)
Exploring Further 141 (1)
Notes 141 (6)
7 Japan: Tension in Tradition 147 (24)
The Tokugawa Shogunate 148 (3)
The Meiji Period 151 (7)
The Twentieth Century: Pluralistic and 158 (3)
Authoritarian Legacies
A New Constitutional Order 161 (4)
Summary 165 (1)
For Discussion 166 (1)
Exploring Further 166 (1)
Notes 167 (4)
8 Constitutions 171 (24)
India 173 (5)
Japan 178 (5)
China 183 (6)
Summary 189 (1)
For Discussion 190 (1)
Exploring Further 190 (1)
Notes 190 (5)
9 The Parliamentary System in India and Japan 195 (26)
Introduction: Structuring Power at the 195 (2)
National Level
Overview: Legislatures and Executives 197 (3)
India 200 (8)
Japan 208 (7)
Coalition Governments 215 (1)
Summary 216 (1)
For Discussion 216 (1)
Exploring Further 217 (1)
Notes 217 (4)
10 China: The Party-State System 221 (24)
The Party-State System 222 (6)
The Leading Role of the Party 228 (2)
The Evolution of Party-State Relations 230 (8)
Summary: Assessing the Party-State System 238 (2)
For Discussion 240 (1)
Exploring Further 240 (1)
Notes 240 (5)
11 Elusive Democracy:
The Decay of One-Party Rule 245 (1)
The Congress, Liberal Democratic, and Chinese 245 (10)
Communist Parties
Opposition Parties and Coalition Politics 255 (7)
Election Dynamics 262 (4)
Summary 266 (1)
For Discussion 266 (1)
Exploring Further 267 (1)
Notes 267 (4)
12 Levels of Government and Regionalism 271 (24)
Federal and Unitary Systems 271 (1)
(Dis)Unity in the Indian Federation 272 (2)
The Regionalization of Politics 274 (4)
Regions and Regionalism in China 278 (6)
Crafting Local Autonomy in Japan 284 (4)
Summary 288 (1)
For Discussion 289 (1)
Exploring Further 289 (1)
Notes 289 (6)
13 Development Strategies and Policies 295 (34)
The Meaning of Development 295 (3)
Idioms of Development and Political Legitimacy 298 (5)
Measuring Development 303 (5)
Development and Democracy 308 (7)
Environmental Voices Transforming Asian 315 (6)
Politics
Summary 321 (1)
For Discussion 321 (1)
Exploring Further 322 (1)
Notes 322 (7)
14 Asian Politics and Global Transformation 329 (24)
Globalization 329 (2)
The Confluence of National, Transnational, 331 (5)
and Global Politics
Identity Politics and Cultural Rights 336 (3)
Human Security in the Twenty-First Century 339 (5)
Learning from Asia 344 (5)
Conclusion 349 (1)
Notes 350 (3)
Glossary 353 (10)
Index 363