Excavates the heretofore largely unexplored territory of the late Victorian and Edwardian cultural contexts of Dubliners, Portrait, Ulysses, and Finnegans Wake.
Joyce and the Victorians excavates the heretofore largely unexplored territory of the late Victorian and Edwardian cultural contexts of Dubliners, Portrait, Ulysses, and Finnegans Wake. Ideologies and icons suffused turn-of-the-century Ireland and, Schwarze argues, Joyce replicated contemporary behaviors, beliefs, and attitudes in his work as carefully as he re-created the pubs and landmarks of his native Dublin. Schwarze also asserts that even as they expose and manifest the social forces at work on the individual, Joyce's short stories and novels also grapple with a fundamental modernist paradox: whether modern consciousness can effectively resist the ideological force of the culture that produces it. Examining discourses on ""Irishness,"" spiritualism, middle-class masculinity, social reform, domesticity, hysteria, and the Woman Question, Schwarze argues that Joyce's characters continually reinscribe themselves with prevailing attitudes and influences and are never fully able to overcome the powerful influence of traditional Victorian authorities and ideologies. Instead, Joyce's narratives create only the potential for such supercession. They explore the pervasive influence of ideological structures on subjectivity and illuminate the fissures contained within the social discourse itself. Schwarze does not defend Joyce as the last Victorian; she recreates the late-Victorian and Edwardian ethos that underlies Joyce's fiction and suggests that Joyce himself, much like his characters, was simultaneously bound by and critical of the ideologies of his age.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Dilemmas of Discourse 1 (16)
``Not a Strong Swimmer'': Submersions of Dedalus
Colonial pathology and the Ideology of 17 (26)
Irishness in Victorian and Edwardian Dublin
``Religions of Unbelief'': Spiritual 43 (28)
Orthodoxies and Romantic Dissent
Caught in the Currents: Victorian Manliness,
Public Morality, and Leopold Bloom
``Do you call that a man?'': The Discourse of 71 (22)
Anxious Masculinity in Ulysses
Urban Spectatorship, Victorian Vice, and the 93 (24)
Discourse of Social Reform
Fracturing the Discursive Feminine: Joyce and
the ``Woman Question''
Deconstructing the Discourse of Domesticity 117 (25)
Female Complaints: ``Mad''women, Malady, and 142 (19)
Resistance in Joyce's Dublin
New Women, Male Pests, and Gender in the 161 (32)
Afterword: Lost in the Labyrinth 193 (4)
Notes 197 (24)
Bibliography 221 (16)