哲学、修辞学と知の目的:科学技術研究の新たな出発(第2版)<br>Philosophy, Rhetoric and the End of Knowledge : A New Beginning for Science and Technology Studies (2ND)

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哲学、修辞学と知の目的:科学技術研究の新たな出発(第2版)
Philosophy, Rhetoric and the End of Knowledge : A New Beginning for Science and Technology Studies (2ND)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 367 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780805847673
  • DDC分類 501

基本説明

Collier joins Fuller in developing an updated and accessible version of Fuller's classic volume. The new edition shifts focus slightly to balance the discussions of theory and practice, and the writing style is oriented to advanced students.

Full Description


In this second edition of Steve Fuller's original work Philosophy, Rhetoric, and the End of Knowledge: A New Beginning for Science and Technology Studies, James Collier joins Fuller in developing an updated and accessible version of Fuller's classic volume. The new edition shifts focus slightly to balance the discussions of theory and practice, and the writing style is oriented to advanced students. It addresses the contemporary problems of knowledge to develop the basis for a more publicly accountable science. The resources of social epistemology are deployed to provide a positive agenda of research, teaching, and political action designed to bring out the best in both the ancient discipline of rhetoric and the emerging field of science and technology studies (STS). The authors reclaim and integrate STS and rhetoric to explore the problems of knowledge as a social process--problems of increasing public interest that extend beyond traditional disciplinary resources. In so doing, the differences among disciplines must be questioned (the exercise of STS) and the disciplinary boundaries must be renegotiated (the exercise of rhetoric). This book innovatively integrates a sophisticated theoretical approach to the social processes of creating knowledge with a developing pedagogical apparatus. The thought questions at the end of each chapter, the postscript, and the appendix allow the reader to actively engage the text in order to discuss and apply its theoretical insights. Creating new standards for interdisciplinary scholarship and communication, the authors bring numerous disciplines into conversation in formulating a new kind of rhetoric geared toward greater democratic participation in the knowledge-making process. This volume is intended for students and scholars in rhetoric of science, science studies, philosophy, and communication, and will be of interest in English, sociology, and knowledge management arenas as well.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments                                    ix
Introduction 2003: The More Things Remain the xi
Same, the More They Change
PART I: THE PLAYERS AND THE POSITION
1 The Players: STS, Rhetoric, and Social 3 (26)
Epistemology
HPS as the Prehistory of STS 3 (4)
The Turn to Sociology and STS 7 (7)
Rhetoric: The Theory Behind the Practice 14 (5)
Enter the Social Epistemologist 19 (7)
Thought Questions 26 (3)
2 The Position: Interdisciplinarity as 29 (30)
Interpenetration
The Terms of the Argument 29 (3)
The Perils of Pluralism 32 (5)
Interpenetration's Interlopers 37 (3)
The Pressure Points for Interpenetration 40 (6)
The Task Ahead (and the Enemy Within) 46 (8)
Here I Stand 54 (1)
Thought Questions 54 (5)
PART II: INTERPENETRATION AT WORK
3 Incorporation, or Epistemology Emergent 59 (27)
Tycho on the Run 59 (11)
Hegel to the Rescue 70 (8)
Building the Better Naturalist 78 (5)
Naturalism's Trial by Fire 83 (1)
Thought Questions 83 (3)
4 Reflexion, or the Missing Mirror of the 86 (31)
Social Sciences
How Science Both Requires and Imposes 86 (4)
Discipline
Why the Scientific Study of Science Might 90 (6)
Just Show That There Is No Science to
Study
The Elusive Search for the Science in the 96 (8)
Social Sciences: Deconstructing the Five
Canonical Histories
How Economists Defeated Political 104(6)
Scientists at Their Own Game
The Rhetoric That Is Science 110(4)
Thought Questions 114(3)
5 Sublimation, or Some Hints on How to Be 117(35)
Cognitively Revolting
Of Rhetorical Impasses and Forced Choices 117(2)
Some Impasses in the AI Debates 119(1)
Drawing the Battle Lines 120(2)
AI as PC-Positivism 122(3)
How My Enemy's Enemy Became My Friend 125(4)
But Now That the Coast is Clear 129(9)
Three Attempts to Clarify the Cognitive 138(7)
AI's Strange Bedfellows: Actants 145(4)
Thought Questions 149(3)
6 Excavation, or the Withering Away of 152(35)
History and Philosophy of Science and the
Brave New World of Science and Technology
Studies
Positioning Social Epistemology in the 152(5)
Transition From HPS to STS
The Price of Humanism in Historical 157(6)
Scholarship
A Symmetry Principle for Historicism 163(2)
Historicism's Version of the Cold War: 165(6)
The Problem of Access
Under- and Overdetermining History 171(3)
When in Doubt, Experiment 174(5)
STS as the Posthistory of HPS 179(4)
Thought Questions 183(4)
PART III: OF POLICY AND POLITICS
7 Knowledge Policy: Where's the Playing 187(38)
Field?
Science Policy: The Very Idea 188(4)
An Aside on Science Journalism 192(2)
Managing the Unmanageable 194(9)
The Social Construction of Society 203(3)
The Constructive Rhetoric of Knowledge 206(5)
Policy
Armed for Policy: Fact-Laden Values and 211(6)
Hypothetical Imperatives
Machiavelli Redux? 217(4)
A Recap on Values as a Prelude to Politics 221(1)
Thought Questions 222(3)
8 Knowledge Politics: What Position Shall I 225(36)
Play?
Philosophy as Protopolitics 225(3)
Have Science and Democracy Outgrown Each 228(6)
Other?
Back From Postmodernism and Into the 234(9)
Public Sphere
Beyond Academic Indifference 243(6)
The Social Epistemologist at the 249(8)
Bargaining Table
Thought Questions 257(4)
PART IV: SOME WORTHY OPPONENTS
9 Opposing the Relativist 261(24)
The Socratic Legacy to Relativism 261(1)
The Sociology of Knowledge Debates: Will 262(3)
the Real Relativist Please Stand Up?
Interlude I: An Inventory of Relativisms 265(2)
Interlude II: Mannheim's Realistic 267(1)
Relativism
Is Relativism Obsolete? 268(6)
Counterrelativist Models of Knowledge 274(9)
Production
Thought Questions 283(2)
10 Opposing the Antitheorist 285(26)
What Exactly Does "Theory Has No 288(2)
Consequences" Mean?
Fish's Positivistic Theory of "Theory" 290(3)
Toward a More Self Critical Positivist 293(1)
Theory of "Theory"
The Universality, Abstractness, and 294(3)
Foolproofness of Theory
Convention, Autonomy, and Fish's "Paper 297(3)
Radicalism"
Consequential Theory: An Account of 300(9)
Presumption
Thought Questions 309(2)
Postscript: The World of Tomorrow, as Opposed 311(5)
to the World of Today
Appendix: Course Outlines for STS in a 316(7)
Rhetorical Key
References 323(18)
Author Index 341(6)
Subject Index 347