Ethical and Legal Dilemmas in Occupational Therapy (2ND)

Ethical and Legal Dilemmas in Occupational Therapy (2ND)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 224 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780803611016
  • DDC分類 174.2

基本説明

Covers situations likely to confront students, clinicians, leaving them better prepared. New chapter on informed consent in research; confidentiality; and more.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            iii
Acknowledgements ix
Theoretical Background 1 (12)
Ethical Dilemmas 2 (2)
Legal Dilemmas 4 (1)
Ethical Principles 4 (5)
Legal Principles 9 (1)
Conclusion 10 (1)
Study Questions 11 (2)
Section 1 THE STUDENT 13 (70)
Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act 15 (19)
Case: Parent Demands Rights for Student 15 (1)
Found Cheating
Expert Commentary 16 (1)
Introduction and Update 16 (5)
Expert Commentary, Edition 1, 1995 21 (1)
Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act 22 (1)
University Legal Counsel 23 (1)
Other Parties Involved 24 (2)
Internal Investigation and Records 26 (1)
Department of Education Involvement 27 (1)
Conclusion 28 (1)
Ethical Commentary 28 (1)
Format for Case Analysis and Resolution 28 (1)
of Ethical Dilemmas
What is a Dilemma? 29 (1)
The Case Study Format 29 (1)
Student Reported Cheating 30 (3)
Summary 33 (1)
Study Questions 33 (1)
Section 504 and Americans with Disabilities 34 (24)
Act
A Student with Emotional Problems on 34 (1)
Fieldwork Placement
A Student with a Physical Disability on 35 (1)
Fieldwork Placement
Expert Commentary 36 (1)
Purpose of the Americans with 36 (1)
Disabilities Act
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act 37 (2)
The Americans with Disabilities Act 39 (5)
Relationship of Ethics to Law 44 (1)
Ethical Analysis 45 (7)
A Student with Emotional Problems on 46 (3)
Fieldwork Placement
A Student with a Physical Disability on 49 (3)
Fieldwork Placement
Conclusion 52 (1)
Ethical Commentary 53 (4)
Cases 1 and 2: Students with a 53 (4)
Disability on Fieldwork Placements
Study Questions 57 (1)
Gates into Practice 58 (25)
Case: Affiliating Fieldwork Student 58 (1)
Believes She Is Infected with HIV
Expert Commentary 59 (1)
Evolving Epidemic 59 (2)
The Role of the Academic Fieldwork 61 (1)
Coordinator
Confidentiality 62 (1)
Initial Determination: Emotional Stability 63 (1)
Testing for HIV 64 (2)
Guideline Review 66 (9)
Former Client Contact 75 (1)
Graduation Ceremony 75 (1)
Summary 76 (1)
Acknowledgements 77 (1)
Ethical Commentary 78 (2)
Conclusion 80 (1)
Study Questions 80 (3)
Section 2 THE CLINICIAN 83 (50)
Functions of the Client Record 85 (12)
Documentation for Reimbursement 85 (1)
Insurance Dictating Treatment 86 (1)
Note Signing 86 (1)
Expert Commentary 87 (1)
The Roles of the Record 87 (1)
Approaches to Documentation 88 (1)
Pitfalls of Documentation 89 (2)
Signatures and Record-Keeping 91 (1)
Conclusion 92 (1)
Ethical Commentary 92 (4)
Documentation for Reimbursement 92 (3)
Note Signing 95 (1)
Study Questions 96 (1)
Modalities and Domain of Practice 97 (15)
Case: Ultrasound Intervention 97 (1)
Expert Commentary 98 (1)
Introduction 98 (1)
Physical Agent Modalities 99 (1)
Do Physical Agent Modalities Fall Within 100(3)
The Scope of Practice of Occupational
Therapy?
Do Occupational Therapy Practitioners 103(2)
Have The Educational Background to
Support The Use of Physical Agent
Modalities?
When are Occupational Therapy 105(2)
Practitioners Competent to Use Physical
Agent Modalities?
Is It Legal for Occupational Therapy 107(1)
Practitioners to Use Physical Agent
Modalities?
Summary 107(1)
Ethical Commentary 108(3)
Study Questions 111(1)
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act 112(12)
Case: Restraints in the Nursing Home 112(1)
Expert Commentary 113(1)
Introduction 113(1)
Regulations Governing Nursing Home Care 113(4)
Patterns of Restraint Use 117(1)
Clinical Decision Making 118(1)
Conclusion 119(1)
Ethical Commentary 120(3)
Study Questions 123(1)
Confidentiality in Groups: Ethical Dilemmas 124(9)
and Possible Resolutions
Case: Caregiver Support Group 124(1)
Expert Commentary 125(1)
Introduction 125(1)
Dilemmas Related to the Structure of the 126(2)
Group
The Dilemmas Presented by the Incident in 128(1)
the Cafeteria
Ethical Dilemmas Created by the Events in 129(1)
the Group
Summary 130(1)
Ethical Commentary 130(2)
Conclusion 132(1)
Study Questions 132(1)
Section 3 THE MANAGER 133(64)
Rationing of Treatment 135(17)
Triage in an Elder Care Facility 135(1)
Too Many Cases to Handle 136(1)
The Seven-Day Work Week 136(1)
Expert Commentary 137(14)
Triage in an Elder Care Facility 138(7)
Too Many Cases to Handle 145(3)
Triage in an Elder Care Facility 148(1)
The Seven-Day Work Week 149(2)
Study Questions 151(1)
Patient Rights: Informed Consent, 152(12)
Competence, and the Right to Refuse
Treatment
Bipolar Disorder and ARC 152(1)
Family Imposes Treatment on Relative 153(1)
Expert Commentary 153(1)
Informed Consent 153(1)
Competence 154(1)
The Emergency Exception 155(1)
The Right to Refuse Treatment 155(2)
Other Rights of Patients 157(1)
Case Scenarios 157(2)
Ethical Commentary 159(4)
Bipolar Disorder and ARC 159(1)
Family Imposes Treatment on Relative 160(3)
Study Questions 163(1)
Informed Consent in Research 164(12)
Case: Therapist Has Questions About 164(1)
Informed Consent
Expert Commentary 165(1)
The Common Rule 166(1)
Institutional Resources to Educate, Help, 166(1)
and Guide
Regulations Relevant to the Case 167(1)
Stakeholders 167(1)
The Principal Investigator's Request 168(1)
Medical Data Access and 168(1)
Privacy/Confidentiality
What Will Guide the Occupational Therapy 169(2)
Practitioner?
Dealing With a Perception Gap 171(1)
When ``No'' is the Way to Go 171(1)
An Educational Moment 172(1)
Slippery Slope and Possible Consequences 172(1)
Reasons for Diligence 173(1)
Ethical Commentary 173(2)
Study Questions 175(1)
Contracts and Referrals to Private Practice 176(13)
Case: Absence of a Written Contract 176(1)
Introduction and Update 177(1)
Expert Commentary 177(1)
Expert Commentary, Edition 1, 1995 177(1)
Contracts and Contract Law 178(2)
Conduct Vis-a-vis Elements of a Contract 180(3)
Conclusions 183(1)
Clarity of Contract 184(1)
Ethical Commentary 185(3)
Study Questions 188(1)
The Whistleblower 189(8)
Case: The Whistleblower 189(1)
The Role of the Whistleblower 190(1)
Protections 191(1)
Retaliations 192(1)
Support Strategies 192(1)
Ethical Commentary 193(2)
Conclusion 195(1)
Study Questions 195(2)
Glossary 197(6)
References 203(6)
Additional Reading 209(2)
Index 211