White Mother to a Dark Race : Settler Colonialism, Maternalism, and the Removal of Indigenous Children in the American West and Australia, 1880-1940

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White Mother to a Dark Race : Settler Colonialism, Maternalism, and the Removal of Indigenous Children in the American West and Australia, 1880-1940

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 557 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780803211001
  • DDC分類 305.89915

Full Description


In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, indigenous communities in the United States and Australia suffered a common experience at the hands of state authorities: the removal of their children to institutions in the name of assimilating American Indians and protecting Aboriginal people. Although officially characterized as benevolent, these government policies often inflicted great trauma on indigenous families and ultimately served the settler nations' larger goals of consolidating control over indigenous peoples and their lands.White Mother to a Dark Race takes the study of indigenous education and acculturation in new directions in its examination of the key roles white women played in these policies of indigenous child-removal. Government officials, missionaries, and reformers justified the removal of indigenous children in particularly gendered ways by focusing on the supposed deficiencies of indigenous mothers, the alleged barbarity of indigenous men, and the lack of a patriarchal nuclear family. Often they deemed white women the most appropriate agents to carry out these child-removal policies. Inspired by the maternalist movement of the era, many white women were eager to serve as surrogate mothers to indigenous children and maneuvered to influence public policy affecting indigenous people. Although some white women developed caring relationships with indigenous children and others became critical of government policies, many became hopelessly ensnared in this insidious colonial policy.

Table of Contents

        List of Illustrations                      ix
List of Maps x
Acknowledgments xi
A Note on Terms xvii
Abbreviations xix
Prologue: White Mother to a Dark Race xxi
Gender and Settler Colonialism in the North 1 (24)
American West and Australia
Designing Indigenous Child Removal Policies 25 (62)
The Great White Mother 87 (62)
The Practice of Indigenous Child Removal 149 (44)
Intimate Betrayals 193 (36)
Groomed to Be Useful 229 (52)
Maternalism in the Institutions 281 (48)
Out of the Frying Pan 329 (42)
Challenging Indigenous Child Removal 371 (54)
Epilogue 425 (10)
Afterword 435 (4)
Notes 439 (60)
Bibliography 499 (30)
Index 529