Religions of the Hellenistic-Roman Age

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Religions of the Hellenistic-Roman Age

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 165 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780802849137
  • DDC分類 200.938

Full Description

This engaging volume traces the development of the principal Western religions and their philosophical alternatives from the beginnings of Alexander the Great's empire in 331 B.C.E. to the emergence of the Christian world in the fourth century C.E. Antonia Tripolitis examines the rise of the Hellenistic-Roman world and presents a comprehensive overview of its beliefs and practices, their sociopsychological and historical development, general patterns of thought, and the reasons for their success or failure. Her work examines Mithraism, Hellenistic Judaism, Christianity, and Gnosticism as well as the philosophies of Stoicism, Epicureanism, and Middle Platonism. It also includes a review of the principal mystery cults, Demeter at Eleusis, Dionysus, Isis, and Cybele or Magna Mater.

Table of Contents

Abbreviations                                      ix
Introduction 1 (8)
A brief historical survey of the
development of the Hellenistic-Roman Age:
Alexander's cosmopolitan vision, how it
altered the cultural and sociopolitical
systems of the time, and society's
religious response to the changes brought
about by Alexander's universalism. The
chapter includes a discussion of the
principal mystery cults --- Demeter,
Dionysus, Isis, Cybele (Magna Mater) ---
and religious philosophies --- Stoicism,
Epicureanism, and Middle Platonism --- that
developed or were revitalized during this
Historical Survey 9 (7)
The Mystery Cults 16 (20)
Demeter at Eleusis 17 (5)
Dionysus 22 (4)
Isis 26 (4)
Cybele --- Magna Mater 30 (6)
Religious Philosophies 36 (11)
Stoicism 37 (2)
Epicureanism 39 (2)
Middle Platonism 41 (6)
A study of the cult of Mithras, its origins
in Vedic, India, its mystery rites, and its
migration throughout the Mediterranean
world. Emphasis will be on the social and
psychological factors that caused it to
develop into a full-fledged, popular
religion, and the reasons for its
subsequent decline and disappearance
The Myth and Origins of Mithras 47 (4)
Mysteries of Mithras 51 (5)
Influence and Development in the 56 (2)
Hellenistic-Roman Age
Mithraism's Decline and Disappearance 58 (3)
The chapter will begin with a historical
overview of the Jewish Diaspora from the
Babylonian Exile (587 B.C.E.) to the Roman
conquest (63 B.C.E.-135 C.E.). It will
concentrate on the Hellenization of
Diaspora Judaism that began in 333 B.C.E.,
its cultural and social factors, and the
development of Hellenistic Jewish
literature, theology, and philosophy; the
importance and development of the
Hellenistic Jewish synagogue, its art and
liturgy, and its influence on Christian
church structure and liturgy. Special
attention will be given to Philo Judaeus
(ca. 30 B.C.E.-45 C.E.), the most
outstanding representative of Hellenistic
Judaism, his thought, works, and influence
on the development of Christian doctrine
Historical Survey of Jewish Diaspora (597 to 61 (3)
331 B.C.E.)
Hellenization of the Jewish Diaspora 64 (13)
The Septuagint 66 (2)
The Development of Apocalyptic and Wisdom 68 (9)
Theology Literature
Philo of Alexandria 77 (8)
The Development of the Synagogue 85 (6)
An examination of the cultural and social
milieu in which Christianity emerged,
developed, and spread; the pagan opposition
to the spread of Christianity and its
criticism of the Christian beliefs; the
dialogue that ensued between the two groups
for three centuries; and the influence of
this dialogue on Christianity's evolution
as an organization with its own philosophy
and tradition. The chapter concludes with a
discussion of the social and psychological
reasons for Christianity's success
Primitive Christianity 91 (6)
Rise of Christianity 92 (1)
Growth and Spread of Christianity 93 (4)
Christianity's Encounter with Its Social World 97 (7)
Anti-Christian Polemics 99 (2)
Early Christian Apologies 101(3)
The Development of Christianity into a 104(11)
Systematic Religious Philosophy
Synthesis of Biblical Christianity and 105(8)
Christian Platonism and its Opponents 113(2)
Success of Christianity 115(4)
An explanation of the term gnosis and its
usage during the period under discussion;
an examination of the social and political
factors for Gnosticism's origin and
development, its psychological appeal
during the first three centuries C.E., and
the reasons for its disappearance at the
end of the 3rd century. The chapter will
investigate the main tenets basic to all
gnostic groups, and will discuss the
principal Christian (Basilidean, Marcion
and Valentinian) and non-Christian
(Hermetic gnostic) thought systems
Nature of Gnosticism 119(3)
Main Tenets 122(3)
Principal Gnostic Systems 125(16)
Christian 125(10)
Basilides 125(3)
Marcion 128(4)
Valentinus 132(3)
Non-Christian 135(6)
Gnosticism's Initial Appeal and its 141(2)
VI. SUMMARY 143(7)
Bibliography 150(9)
Index 159